POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafPesachim 87
Pesachim 81 - 95: We are grateful to Mr. Mark Frankel of Queens, N.Y. for
suggesting the idea of "Point by Point Summaries" and sponsoring its initial
two weeks -- Tizkeh l'Mitzvos!
1) BECOMING "NIMNEH" ON A KORBAN
(a) A married woman is Nimneh with her husband, even if her father
also counted her in to his Korban.
(b) On the first Regel after her wedding, a woman must choose.
(c) An orphan chooses between two guardians.
(d) A servant owned by partners may not choose.
(e) A half-free servant may not eat of his master's Korban.
(a) Question: The Mishna implies that we hold Breirah.
3) WHERE A WOMAN IS ASSUMED TO BE COUNTED
(b) Answer: No, she must clarify her choice at the time of Shechitah.
(a) Question: The Bereisa contradicts our Mishna!
4) TORAH SCHOLARS IN SHIR HASHIRIM
1. The Bereisa teaches that on the first Regel she is
automatically included with her father, and;
(b) Answer: The Bereisa is speaking of a woman who was always
pressured to eat in her father's home.
2. After the first Regel, she may choose either one!?
(c) The Pasuk describes the desire of a woman to visit her father's
home to tell them how well she has been accepted.
(d) A second Pasuk describes a woman's shift to feeling "married."
(a) "A younger sister without breasts" refers to scholars who learned
but did not have the opportunity to teach (i.e. to nurse) others.
5) THE PROPHET HOSEA
1. [R. Yochanan] "I am a wall and my breasts are towers" refers
to Torah and to Torah scholars.
(b) "Our sons like plants..." refers to the young men who have not
2. [Rava] This Pasuk refers to the House of Israel and its
houses of prayer and study.
(c) "Our daughters like cornerstones..." refers to Jewish maidens who
reserve themselves for their husbands.
1. This use of Zavios is demonstrated in Zechariah.
(d) "Carved like the Heichal" means that these sons and daughters are
considered to have caused the Heichal to be built in their days.
2. Alternately, its use is found in Tehilim.
(a) Hosea is called the *first* of the prophets.
(b) Question: There were many prophets from Moshe to Hosea!?
(c) Answer: He was the first among his four contemporaries.
(d) HaShem is displeased when he tells Hosea,"your sons have sinned."
1. Hosea should have responded that they are *Your* children,
the children of Your beloved ones, have mercy on them.
(e) To teach Hosea, HaShem will tell him to take a harlot and have
children of questionable birth, and if he can then bear to send
them away, then HaShem will send away His People.
2. Rather he answered that HaShem can exchange them for others.
1. The Pesukim dealing with Hosea's marriage are analyzed.
(i) His wife is called "Gomer." [Two explanations]
6) R. YOCHANAN ON LEADERSHIP
(ii) The daughter of "Divlayim." [Three explanations.]
2. HaShem tells Hosea to divorce her.
(iii)She has a son whom Hosea is told to call Yizrael.
(iv) She has a daughter to be named Lo Ruchama.
(v) She has a son named Lo Ami.
3. Hosea protests that he cannot break his ties to her.
4. HaShem makes the point that these questionable children bind
you, yet you maintain the tie, all the more so My ties to My
children, the children of those I have tested, the House of
Israel, one of My four acquisitions!
5. Hosea, realizing his error, begins to plea for mercy.
(ii) Heaven and Earth
(iv) House of Israel
6. HaShem tells him to plea, first, for mercy for His People.
(i) HaShem has issued three bad decrees on Hosea's account.
(ii) Hosea pleads for the People and the decrees are erased.
(iii)Hosea then blesses the People regarding each decree.
(1) Yizrael, the scattering, is reversed.
(2) HaShem will have mercy on a People Lo Ruchama.
(3) HaShem will once again call the People Ami.
(a) [R. Yochanan] Leadership buries its bearer.
7) THE SILVER LINING IN BAD DECREES
(b) Yeravam is counted among the kings of Judea (as reported in
Hosea) because he did not accept Lashon Hara about Amos (as
reported in Amos).
(a) HaShem recalls His Mercy even when He is angry. [Two sources.]
(b) Israel was dispersed in order to accrue converts. [Two sources.]
(c) [R. Yochanan] Do not say bad things about even the worst
generation of Jews [proof from Hosea]!
(d) [R. Oshiya] The Jews benefit from being scattered in that the
Gentiles cannot destroy the Jews in one blow.
1. The Gentile claimed to R. Chanina that they are better than
the Jews in that they have not destroyed the Jews, unlike
the Jews who utterly destroyed their enemies.
(e) HaShem, knowing that the Jews could not bear the terrible decrees
of Edom, exiled them to Bavel.
2. R. Oshiya [a student] responded that destroying the Jews
preoccupies you [the Gentiles].
(i) You are restrained because you don't know how.
3. The Gentile swore by the eagle of Rome that destroying the
Jews, indeed, occupies their every waking moment.
(ii) The Jews are not all under one rulership.
(iii)If one nation destroys them that nations will be
(f) HaShem exiled the Jews to Bavel since it is low, and the Pasuk
assures the Jews of being redeemed from the depths.
(g) HaShem exiled the Jews to Bavel because their language is similar
to Lashon HaKodesh (and Torah will be retained thereby).
(h) [R. Yochanan] HaShem exiled the Jews to Bavel, sending them back
to "their mother's house" [as one would do to his wife at whom he
(i) R. Alexandri taught that three things returned to the place of
their original planting.
1. House of Israel.
2. The wealth of Mitzrayim.
3. The writing on the Luchos.