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Previous dafPesachim 90
1a) [line 5] KODSHIM KALIM
The term Kodshim Kalim refers to the Korbenos Shelamim, Todah, Ma'aser
Behemah, Pesach and Bechor. They may be slaughtered in the entire Azarah
(and not only in its northern part) and may be eaten in the entire city of
Yerushalayim by men or women (Mishnayos Zevachim 5:6-8).
b) [line 5] KODSHIM KALIM, MAMON BE'ALIM HU
(a) As soon as a person dedicates any article of his property to Hekdesh, it
leaves his possession and enters the possession of Hekdesh. Therefore, the
person may no longer sell it or give it as a present as a normal owner
(b) However, Rebbi Yosi ha'Gelili rules that this law only applies to
Kodshei Kodashim (see Background to Pesachim 82:8b) and to Kodshei Bedek
ha'Bayis (objects that are dedicated to Hekdesh *not* as a sacrifice), which
are considered Mamon Gavohah (property of Heaven) as soon as they are
dedicated. Kodshim Kalim remain the property of their owner in all respects
until they are slaughtered, except for the fact that they must be offered on
the Mizbe'ach to fulfill his pledge. Therefore, according to Rebbi Yosi
ha'Gelili, a person may use Kodshim Kalim to betroth a woman; likewise, he
may sell them or give them as a present.
2) [line 19] B'ESNANAH (ESNAN)
An animal given to a harlot for her wage may not be brought as a sacrifice
as stated in Devarim 23:19
3) [line 20] MECHIR (MECHIR KELEV)
An animal that had been exchanged for a dog may not be brought as a
sacrifice as stated in the same verse.
4) [line 27] HACHAYEIHU MI'SEH - give him sustenance from the lamb
5a) [line 27] MI'CHDEI ACHILAH - for his food
b) [line 27] MI'CHDEI MEKACH - for any purchases
6) [line 35] HACHAYEIHU L'SEH - give the lamb all of its needs, i.e. one may
sell shares in his Korban Pesach in order to purchase the requirements for
the Mitzvos of the Seder night, e.g. Matzah and Maror
7) [line 40] ZAV
(a) A Zav, a man who emits Zov two or three times (see Background to Shabbos
84:1), whether it is emitted in one day or in two or three consecutive days,
is an Av ha'Tum'ah. Zov is a clear discharge with the appearance of the
white of a sterile or spoiled egg, in contrast with semen, which has the
consistency of fresh egg white. Zov can also be a pus-like discharge
resembling the liquid from barley dough or soft barley batter.
(b) A Zav must count seven "clean" days in which he sees no Zov in order to
start his purification process, as it states in Vayikra 15:13. On the
seventh day or afterwards, he must immerse in a spring. At nightfall he
becomes Tahor, if he did not emit Zov again beforehand (ibid.).
(c) If a Zav emits Zov only two times, he does not bring a Korban. If he
emitted Zov three times, whether it is emitted in one day or in two or three
consecutive days, he has to bring a Korban after he becomes Tahor in order
to enter the Beis ha'Mikdash and to eat Korbanos.
8) [line 41] SHOMERES YOM KENEGED YOM
(a) The eleven days that follow the seven days of Nidah (see Background to
Shabbos 121:5) are "days of Zivah." If a woman experiences bleeding during
these days for one or two consecutive days, she becomes a Zavah Ketanah and
(b) If she does not experience bleeding the following night and day, she may
immerse in a Mikvah to become Tehorah. She may even immerse the morning
immediately following her bleeding, but her Tum'ah and Taharah are
contingent upon whether or not she sees blood afterwards on that day. She is
called a Shomeres Yom k'Neged Yom, because she must *watch* the following
day to see whether or not she sees blood.
9) [line 42] ZAVAH
If a woman has a show of blood for three consecutive days during her 11 days
of Zivah, she becomes a Zavah Gedolah. In order for her to become Tehorah,
she must count seven "clean days" during which she verifies that she has no
other show of blood. On the morning of the seventh clean day she immerses in a Mikvah. If she does not experience bleeding during the rest of the day she
is Tehorah and no longer a Zavah. A Zavah Gedolah must bring a Korban Zavah
to permit her to enter the Beis ha'Mikdash or to eat Kodshim. The Korban is
two Torim (turtledoves) or two Benei Yonah (common doves), one offered as an
Olah and one as a Chatas.
10) [last line] TEVUL YOM
A Tevul Yom is a person or vessel that has been immersed in a Mikvah but is
still waiting for nightfall. The level of Tum'ah of a Tevul Yom is minimal;
he or it is considered only a Sheni l'Tum'ah such that if he or it touches
Terumah or Kodesh, the Terumah or Kodesh becomes Pasul and must be burned.
Chulin that he or it touches do not become Temei'im. At nightfall, he or it
becomes completely Tahor.
11) [last line] MECHUSAR KIPURIM
(a) There are three stages in the Taharah (purification) process of a Zav,
Zavah, Yoledes, and Metzora: (1) Tevilah (immersing in a Mikvah or Ma'ayan),
(2) He'erev Shemesh (nightfall after the Tevilah) and (3) a Korban.
(b) The above Teme'im may not eat Terumah until nightfall after the Tevilah.
They may not eat Kodshim until they have brought their Korbanos the
following morning. A Tamei who has only immersed is called a Tevul Yom until
nightfall. After nightfall he is called a Mechusar Kaparah until he brings
12) [line 1] EIN SHOCHATIN V'ZORKIN AL TAMEI SHERETZ
We do not perform the Shechitah and Zerikas ha'Dam of the Korban Pesach on
behalf of someone who is Tamei Sheretz. Even though he is able to immerse in
a Mikvah and become Tahor in the evening when the Pesach is eaten, the verse
(Bamidbar 9:10) defers him to Pesach Sheni.
13) [line 5] SHIMSHA MIMEILA ARVA - the sun inevitably goes down
14) [line 7] SHE'KINO B'YADO - he has his Korban of a pair (lit. nest) of
birds ready [to be given to the Kohanim to sacrifice]
15) [line 11] SHEBA'SHOFAROS (SHOFAR SHEL KININ)
A Shofar is a box in the shape of a Shofar-horn (wide at the base and thin
at the top) for depositing money. Its opening was narrow so that it would be
impossible to reach in and steal its contents. There were thirteen Shofaros
in the Beis ha'Mikdash, each one for a different purpose. The Shofar of
Kinin was used by those who brought money for their *obligatory* birds for
atonement, i.e. Zavim, Zavos and Yoldos.
16) [line 39] D'KELISHA TUM'AH - that his Tum'ah is weak (since he is only
prohibited to enter the Beis ha'Mikdash and to eat Kodshim)
17) [line 47] NIDAH
(a) By Torah Law, a woman who has her period is a Nidah for seven days. It
makes no difference whether she saw blood only one time or for the entire
seven days. At the end of seven days, *after nightfall*, she immerses in a
Mikvah to become Tehorah.
(b) Although a Nidah is permitted to her husband on the night of the eighth
day, she may not eat Terumah and Kodshim, or enter the Beis ha'Mikdash until
nightfall of the eighth day.
18) [last line] ONEN (a mourner immediately after a close relative's death)
(a) A person is called an Onen mid'Oraisa on the day of death of one of his
seven closest relatives for whom he is required to arrange for burial (i.e.
father, mother, brother, sister, son, daughter and wife). Chazal (Zevachim
101a) learn the Halachah of Aninus from the verse, "v'Achalti Chatas ha'Yom,
ha'Yitav b'Einei HaSh-m?" (Vayikra 10:19). Among the Halachos that apply to
an Onen is that a Kohen Onen is prohibited from doing the Avodah (divine
service) in the Beis ha'Mikdash unless he is the Kohen Gadol Vayikra (10:7,
21:1-4). Moreover, an Onen may not eat Kodshim, Terumah and Ma'aser Sheni.
(b) Besides the prohibition against an Onen performing the Avodah, eating
Kodshim, etc. *mid'Oraisa*, the Rabanan extended the prohibitions even after
Aninus mid'Oraisa has passed. However, the Tana'im and Rishonim argue as to
the nature of this Gezeirah. They also argue as to whether Aninus mid'Oraisa
always applies for the entire day or for part of the day in certain cases.
With regard to these questions, Aninus may be broken into five time periods,
1. The day of death, before burial - according to all opinions Aninus
mid'Oraisa applies, as above.
2. The day of death, after burial - according to Rashi (Pesachim 90b DH
ha'Onen, Zevachim 15b DH Onen) only Aninus mid'Rabanan applies. According to
the Ramban (Toras ha'Adam) Aninus mid'Oraisa still applies.
3. The night after the day of death (according to Rashi in #2, before
burial; according to Ramban in #2, even after burial) - the Tana'im argue if
the Aninus is mid'Oraisa or mid'Rabanan (Zevachim 99b). Most of the Rishonim
rule that the Aninus is not mid'Oraisa but rather mid'Rabanan.
4. The days after the day of death, even if the body has not been buried -
Aninus only applies mid'Rabanan (Zevachim 100b) until the end of the day of
burial. Also on the day of "Likut Atzamos" (when the remains of one of the
close relatives are exhumed and re-buried elsewhere), the Rabanan decreed
that the person is an Onen for that entire day.
5. The night after the day of burial - the Tana'im (Zevachim 100b) argue
whether the person is an Onen mid'Rabanan or not at all, and the Halachah
follows the opinion that he is not an Onen at all.