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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Nidah 71

1) The Gemara initially thinks that Beis Shamai's reasoning (for declaring every woman who dies a Nidah) is because of the shock of seeing the Angel of Death.

(a) What does the Gemara ask on this from a Mishnah in Benos Kutim?

(b) What is the answer?

(c) How *does* the Gemara refute the original explanation (from a Beraisa which says the equivalent by a Zav)?

(d) What then, *is* Beis Shamai's reason?

2) What is the equivalent decree by a Zav?

3) A Revi'is of blood which emerges from a dead woman, is Metamei because of Kesem, as well as being Metamei be'Ohel.

(a) Since this blood is already Tamei Meis, what is the point of adding Tum'as Kesem?
Rebbi Yehudah disagrees with the Tana Kama.
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah hold?

(c) What is the basis of their Machlokes?

(d) In which case does Rebbi Yehudah agree with the Tana Kama, and why?

4) Rebbi Yossi concludes from the previous case that the woman is obviously not Metam'ah be'Ohel.
(a) What does the Tana Kama say to that, and what is the basis of their Machlokes?
According to Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Yossi, Dam Tevusah consists of blood about which we are uncertain when it emerged: all before the person died, all after he dies, or partly before and partly afterwards.
(b) Why do the Rabbanan disagree with that interpretation?

(c) According to them, what is Dam Tevusah?

(d) What is the Din of Dam Tevusah?

5) Rebbi Yehudah is Metamei a Revi'is of blood which emerged as drops into a hole, from a Meis lying on a bed.
(a) What do the Rabbanan say in this case?

(b) How will we then establish the Din of Dam Tevusah?

(c) What is the basis of the Machlokes between Rebbi Yehudah and the Rabbanan?

Answers to questions


6) We learn from the Pasuk "be'Chol Kodesh lo Siga", that a woman who is Yosheves al Dam Tohar has the Din of a Tevulas Yom Aruch

(a) What does that mean?

(b) What degree of Tum'ah is a Tevul Yom?

(c) What is the meaning of "Me'arah Mayim le'Pesach'?

(d) They decreed that she should have the Din of someone who touched a Tamei Meis (Rishon). What is the difference between the Tana Kama and Beis Hillel?

7) A Tevul Yom may eat Ma'aser.
(a) What does 've'Kotzah Lah Chalah' mean, and why is this permitted?

(b) What does 'u'Makefes ve'Kor'ah Lah Sheim' mean?

(c) If her spittle or her blood fell on a loaf of Terumah, is it Tahor or Tamei?

8) Beis Shamai hold that she needs Tevilah at the end.
(a) When is 'at the end, who requires Tevilah, and what for?

(b) Who still requires Tevilah even according to Beis Hillel, and when?

Answers to questions

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