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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Nidah 61

1) If three women are sleeping in one bed, and blood is found underneath one of them, the Mishnah draws a distinction between whether the blood is found under the middle one, or under one of the other two.

(a) What distinction does the Mishnah make?

(b) Why did it not make this distinction in the previous Mishnah, which deals with what appears to be the same case?

(a) Regarding the case when the blood was found underneath the outer one, what difference does it make as to how they got onto the bed?

(b) What will be the Din if one or two of them examined themselves and found that they were Tahor?

(a) What will be the Din if all three women examined themselves and found that they were Tehoros, and how does Rebbi Meir compare this case to three piles of stones, under which a Kezayis of corpse was lost?

(b) What do the Rabbanan say in that case, and if they argue with Rebbi Meir by the three piles of stones, why do they agree with him by the three women who examined themselves and all turned out to be Tahor?

Rebbi Meir brings a proof from the case where, after they had examined a certain tree which had a Chezkas Tum'ah and found nothing, the wind blew some of the earth away, and they discovered human bones stuck to it (and Rebbi Yossi brings a similar proof for of Rebbi Meir, from a cave of trenches).
(c) How do the Rabbanan reject the proof from there?
The Rabbanan found a certain plot of land too large to inspect for Tum'ah.
(d) What test did Rebbi Yehoshua make, to discover whether there was Tum'ah there or nor, and what did they discover there?
(a) Whose bones did they discover in the previous case?

(b) Why was Gedalyah ben Achikam partially to blame for the people (including himself) whom Rebbi Yishmael ben Nesanyah murdered?

(c) What did Rebbi Tarfon say to those Benei Gelila'ah, who came to him for protection, and what was his motive?

(a) What was the relationship between Sichon and Og?

(b) Why was Moshe frightened of Og, but not of Sichon (who apparently, was no less powerful and awesome than Og)?

(a) According to the Tana Kama of the Beraisa, what does one do with a garment on which there an absorbed blood-stain got lost?

(b) What does Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar hold, and what is a 'Shechunah' in this context?

(c) How does one examine a garment on which Shichvas Zera got lost?

Answers to questions



(a) Why is one not permitted to sell a garment in which a thread of Kil'ayim got lost, to a non-Jew?

(b) Why may one not use it as a saddle for a donkey?

(c) What *may* one use it for?

(d) Why do some opinions hold that one may only use it to cover the corpse for the duration of the eulogy, but not to bury him in it?

(a) What does Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "ba'Meisim Chofshi"?

(b) How does one examine a garment where Kil'ayim has been lost (e.g. a woolen garment where the one thread of linen is not discernable)?

(c) What is the Gemara's proof from the Mishnah 'Bodek Ad she'Magi'a le'Sela'?

(d) What is the Din if someone added a linen thread to a woolen garment, and then is unsure whether he removed it or not, and why is this?

9) What is 'Shu'a', what is 'Tavuy' and what is 'Nuz'?

10) The Tana Kama holds that a colored garment is also Metamei because of a bloodstain.

(a) What does Rebbi Nasan bar Yosef say in this regard?

(b) Which two decrees did Chazal issue when Vespasian attacked Yisrael?

(c) And which decree did they decide not to issue, and why?

Answers to questions

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