Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
1) The Gemara initially assumes that we declare a bloodstain on a woman's heel Tamei, because sometimes the heel touches her womb.
(a) What problem does the Gemara have with this, due to the Din of blood on the tip of her big toe, which is also Tamei?We have just said that we do not establish Tum'ah from one location to the other.
(c) What is the problem with that from the fact that blood found on the joints of her fingers (i.e. the back of her hands), and how does the Gemara resolve this problem?2) We learnt in our Mishnah that if the woman finds blood on the inside of her calves, she is Temei'ah.
(a) Up to which point is considered the inside of the calf?The Gemara asks whether, if a woman finds blood on her body in the shape of a circle - like a strap going round her leg , or a lot of spots of blood like a strap going down her leg, or just a lot of dots in no particular shape, or on the width of her thigh, she is Temei'ah or not.
(c) Why can we not resolve these Sha'alos from the Beraisa that we learnt earlier, which stated that if she found blood on her flesh, that she is Temei'ah?3)
(a) What did Rebbi Yanai rule in the case of the woman, who found blood on a part of the weaving-loom?4) If a tall woman wears the unexamined vest of a short woman or vice-versa, and a blood-stain is found in the area of the 'Beis Turfah' of the tall one, then both women are Tamei.
(a) Why is that?We have learnt in a Beraisa that, if a woman lends a clean garment to her friend, who then finds a blood-stain on it, the owner is Tehorah, but the borrower can rely on the stain coming from the owner.
(c) Why is that?Rav Sheishes qualifies this Din, restricting it to the realm of monetary law.
(d) What exactly, does he say?
(a) What is the Din regarding two women who are dealing - one after the other (see Tosfos d.h. 'Mai Shena') - with a bird, which contains the volume of only one Sela of blood, and they subsequently find one Sela of blood on the body of each one?6) The Mishnah writes that a woman can rely on anything such as 'if she Shechted an animal etc.; if she was dealing with bloodstains, or if she sat beside someone who was dealing with them'.
(a) What does this mean, and which case is included in this statement, according to Rebbi Meir and according to Rebbi - respectively?The Tana Kama adds that she can also rely on a louse, if she killed one.
(b) Up to what size can a woman ascribe the bloodstain to a louse, according to Rebbi Chanina ben Antignos, and in which point does he disagree with the Tana Kama?7)
(a) What is the difference, according to Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok, between a round blood-stain and an elongated one, which a woman finds on her Eid under the cushion?Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel said, that according to his opinion, there was no end, whilst according to his colleagues, there was no end.
(c) What did he mean by that?8) In fact, the Rabbanan do not permit a blood-stain of any size.
(a) Up to which size do they permit it?A Pishpesh is square shaped, its smell resembles its taste, and anybody who rolls it in his hands, adopts its smell.
(b) What are the ramifications of these three statements?9) Rav Huna says that the 'ki'Geris' of Rebbi Chanina ben Antignos means *less* than a Geris.
(a) What does Rav Chisda say about this, and how does the Gemara initially attempt to explain their Machlokes?In the Gemara's first rejection, it explains that Rav Huna might even hold elsewhere that 'Ad ve'Ad bi'Ch'lal'.
(b) Then why does he hold *here* 'Ad ve'Lo Ad bi'Ch'lal'?