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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Nidah 36

1) A pregnant woman or a Yoledes who has not seen blood for three Onos, adopts the Din of 'Dayah Sha'atah'.

(a) What does this mean - and what is 'three Onos'?

(b) How does Levi learn the Beraisa, which states that not seeing during the days of feeding combine to make up the three Onos? Why should she need to complete the three Onos without seeing - even into the days of Taharah, since, even if she *does* see then, she is Tehorah?

2) 'Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel agree that if a woman sees blood after her days of Tohar, she still has the Din of 'Dayah Sha'atah'.
(a) What is the problem with Rav from here?

(b) How does the Gemara resolve it?

(c) Why then, is she not at least Metamei 'mi'Pekidah li'Pekidah'?

(d) Why can the Gemara not answer here like it answered previously - that there was no time for mi'Pekidah li'Pekidah?

3) If a Yoledes be'Zov counted seven clean days, but had not yet Toveled when she saw blood, Beis Shamai follow their reasoning (that she is Tehorah), and Beis Hillel follow their's (that she is Temei'ah).
(a) What is the problem with Levi from here?
The Gemara's first answer is that Levi learns the other Beraisa quoted above, which states that even Beis Hillel will agree in such a case that we will say 'Dayah Sha'atah?
(b) What is the Gemara's second answer?

(c) How does the Gemara reconcile this with the fact that the Beraisa explicitly writes that she counted seven clean days?

4) Is the Halachah entirely like Rav, or only le'Chumra - and what are the ramifications of this ruling?

Answers to questions



(a) What do we learn from "Zov Damah"?

(b) If a woman sees blood three times during the days of Zivus before giving birth, when is she a Zavah, and when is she not?

According to Rebbi Eliezer, she must be without pain for twenty-four hours.
(c) What does Rebbi Yehoshua hold in this matter, and what is his source?
6) The Mishnah says 'ha'Makshah Nidah. Rav explains that she is a Nidah for a day.
(a) What does that mean?

(b) How does Shmuel explain the Mishnah?

Rav Yitzchak says that she is not a Zavah at all.
(c) What then, does the Mishnah mean - in which case is the Reisha of the Mishnah speaking and when, according to Rav Yitzchak, does the Seifa say that she *is* a Zavah?

(d) What Chidush does Chananya, Rebbi Yehoshua's nephew, add to the Din of Kashsa?

(a) Why do we include a woman who sees be'Ones' (in the Din of Zavah) from "ve'Ishah Ki Yazuv Zov Damah", and exclude one who sees because of Leidah? (two reasons)

(b) Why might we have excluded one who sees be'Ones?

The Gemara retracts from the above Derashah because, if so, we should also learn from "Dam Yihye Zovah" (written by Nidah), that only if the Nidus comes by itself is she a Nidah, but not if it comes because of the pains of birth - and that is not the Din. So Shmuel learns the Din of Kashsa from "ve'Tam'ah Shevu'ayim ke'Nidasah".
(c) How does he learn Kashsa from there?

(d) What do we now learn from "Damah"?

(a) What did Rav tell Rav Asi before he died?

(b) How did Rav Asi misunderstand Rav, and what was Shilo bar Avina's reaction to Rav Asi's actions?

Rav Asi had many pseudonyms.
(c) What did he mean when he said that his name was also Asisa de'Nachsha?

(d) What did Shilo bar Avina reply to that?

9) Eventually both of them died.
How did they know that they had made peace with each other?

Answers to questions

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