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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Nidah 7


(a) What is the Safek of 'Shnei Shevilin', and why can that not be the Safek referred to in the Beraisa of 'Chalasah Teluyah?
The Safek that *is* referred to is that of 'Nish'an'.
(b) What is 'Nish'an', and what is then the Chidush?
(a) What degree of Tum'ah is a Tevul Yom?

(b) If 'Chulin ha'Tevulin le'Chalah, ke'Chalah Damu', why is a woman who is a Tevulas Yom, permitted to knead her dough and then to place the Chalah in a basket, before calling it Chalah? Does she not make it Tamei (a Shelishi)?

A 'Mei'es Le'es she'be'Nidah' is Metamei 'Chulin she'Na'asu Al Taharas ha'Kodesh', but not 'Chulin she'Na'asu Al Taharas Terumah', which appears to include 'Chulin ha'Tevulin le'Chalah'.
(c) In that case, do we not have a proof from here that Chulin ha'Tevulin le'Chalah, is *not* considered Chalah ? (two answers).
(a) By which four women do we say 'Dayan Sha'atan', according to Rebbi Eliezer?
Rebbi Yehoshua agrees in the case of a Besulah.
(b) What is a Besulah in this regard?

(c) How does the Mishnah define a Me'uberes and a Meinekes?

Rebbi Meir holds that, if the mother either gave her baby to a wet-nurse, weaned her baby, or if the baby died, then she is Metamei Mei'es Le'es.
(d) What do the Chachamim say to that?
Answers to questions



(a) What does the Mishnah regard an old woman in this regard?

(b) What is Rebbi Eliezer's opinion regarding three Onos?

(c) When does Rebbi Yossi apply the leniency of three Onos, and in which point does he argue with the Tana Kama and with Rebbi Eliezer?

(d) What will be the Din if a Besulah, a pregnant woman or an old woman see blood again - for a second time - after three Onos?

(e) When will this Chumra not apply?

5) Rebbi Yehoshua argues that he only heard of Dayah Sha'atah by a Besulah.
(a) What was Rebbi Eliezer's objection to that statement?
After Rebbi Eliezer's death, Rebbi Yehoshua issued a ruling like Rebbi Eliezer.
(b) Why did he make a point of not issuing this ruling during Rebbi Eliezer's lifetime?
6) Rav Yehudah, quoting Shmuel, rules like Rebbi Eliezer in four cases:

1. Our case of Dayah Sha'atah;
2. That a woman who gives birth during her period of Zivus, but who was in pain because of the forthcoming birth, is nevertheless a Zavah, if she enjoyed a twenty-four hour respite from her pains;
3. A Zav or a Zavah, who examined themselves on the first and the seventh days, and found nothing, have a Chezkas Taharah, in spite of the fact that they failed to make an examination during the days in between;
4. If the back of a vessel became Tamei through liquids, then that vessel is Metamei liquids (even of Chulin) but not food (even of Terumah).

(a) In this last case, what is Rebbi Yehoshua's objection (from a Tevul Yom), and how does Rebbi Eliezer over-rule his objection?

(b) Why did Chazal decree that liquids should be Metamei vessels, since min ha'Torah, they are not?

(c) Why did they restrict their decree to liquids and not to food?

(d) And why did they restrict this leniency to the back of the vessel and not to the inside, since either way, the Tum'ah which the vessel received through the liquid, is only mi'de'Rabbanan?

7) Since the Mishnah itself rules in three out of the four above cases like Rebbi Eliezer, why did Shmuel find it necessary to add his own ruling?

Answers to questions

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