POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi N. Slifkin
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Nedarim 77
1) PERMITING VOWS
(a) (Mishnah): Vows may be annulled on Shabbos, and one may
ask a Chacham to permit vows on Shabbos, if they are for
the need of Shabbos.
(b) Question: Does the final clause, 'if it is for the need
of Shabbos', also apply to annulment of vows - or, may
vows be annulled (on Shabbos) even if it is not a need of
(c) Answer (Rav Zuti, d'Vei Rav Papi): Vows may only be
annulled for the need of Shabbos.
(d) Objection (Rav Ashi - Mishnah): If she vowed shortly
before nightfall, he can only annul until nightfall.
1. If vows may only be annulled for the need of Shabbos
- even before nightfall, he cannot annul!
(e) Answer: Tana'im argue, whether vows may be annulled not
for the need of Shabbos.
1. (Beraisa): Vows can be annulled the entire day; R.
Yosi b'Rebbi Yehudah and R. Eliezer b'Rebbi Shimon
say, for 24 hours.
(f) (Mishnah): One may ask a Chacham to permit vows on
Shabbos, if they are for the need of Shabbos.
2. The 1st Tana says that vows cannot be annulled on
the next day - he permits annulment, even if it is
not a need of Shabbos;
3. R. Yosi b'Rebbi Yehudah and R. Eliezer b'Rebbi
Shimon say, for 24 hours - they only permit for a
need of Shabbos.
(g) Question: Is this only when the one who vowed did not
have time to ask a Chacham before Shabbos, or even if he
(h) Answer: Yes - Chachamim once permitted a vow for the son
of Rav Zutra, even though he had time before Shabbos.
(i) Rav Yosef thought to say that vows may be permitted on
Shabbos only by 1 Chacham, but not by (a Beis Din of) 3
commoners, for this looks like judging a case.
(j) Objection (Abaye): Since we hold, vows may be permitted
even when (the judges are) standing, even by (judges who
are) relatives (to the one who vowed), and even at night,
it does not look like judgment.
(k) (R. Aba, citing Rav Huna, citing Rav): Vows may be
annulled at night.
(l) Objection: We know this from our Mishnah - 'If she vowed
on Shabbos night...'!
(m) Correction: Rather, Rav taught that vows may be permitted
1. R. Aba (to Rav Huna): Did Rav really say that?
2. Rav Huna: He was silent (when I said this before
3. R. Aba: Was his silence because he disagreed, or
because he agreed?
4. Answer: Rav permitted a vow for Rabah in a room of
the Beis Medrash, alone, at night.
(n) (Rabah): The law is, we can permit vows while standing,
alone, at night, of relatives, and on Shabbos.
2) IT IS A SIN TO VOW
1. They may be permitted on Shabbos even if there was
time to permit them before Shabbos.
(o) Question: Rabah said that they may be permitted while
standing -this opposes a Beraisa!
1. (Beraisa): R. Gamliel descended from a donkey,
donned a cloak and sat down to permit a vow.
(p) [Version #1 (Our text, and that of 'Rashi') - Answer: R.
Gamliel holds that we may permit a vow with regret (so
the Chacham must think hard, to help the one who vowed
find a reason to regret it);
1. Rav Nachman holds, we may not permit a vow with
regret (there is not much to think about - if the
person does not regret himself, we do not permit the
(q) Version #2 (The text of Tosfos, Rosh, Ran) - Answer: R.
Gamliel holds that we may not permit a vow with regret
(alone - rather, we must find that the vow was a mistake
from the beginning - the Chacham must think hard);
1. Rav Nachman holds, we may permit a vow with regret
(a) Rava (to Rav Nachman): A Chacham came from Eretz Yisrael,
and said that Chachamim permitted a vow for the son of
Rav Huna Bar Avin.
3) THE LANGUAGE OF ANNULMENT
1. They told him to pray for forgiveness for having
(b) (Rav Dimi, brother of Rav Safra): Anyone that vows, even
if he fulfills it, is called a sinner.
(c) (Rav Zvid): We learn this from "When you will refrain
from vowing, you will not have sin" - implying, if you
will vow, you will have sin.
(a) (Beraisa): A man told his wife (after she vowed) 'All
vows you will take - I do not want them'; or 'This is not
a vow' - this has no effect;
1. 'You did nicely, you are unequaled, had you not
vowed I would have imposed the vow on you' - this is
(b) (Beraisa): A man should not say to his wife on Shabbos
'(Your vow) is annulled, it is void' as he says during
the week - rather, he should tell her to eat or drink
what she forbade, and the vow is void.
1. (R. Yochanan): He must annul the vow in his heart.
(c) (Beraisa - Beis Shamai): On Shabbos, a man annuls his
wife's vow in his heart; during the week, he must say it;
(d) Beis Hillel say, even during the week it suffices to
annul the vow in his heart.
(e) (R. Yochanan): If a Chacham said 'Your vow is annulled',
or if a husband said 'Your vow is permitted', this has no
(f) (Beraisa): "This is the Davar (Word of Hashem)" - a
Chacham permits, a husband does not permit.
1. One might have thought, we should learn a Kal
v'Chomer: a Chacham cannot annul, but he can permit;
a husband, who can annul, all the more so he can