POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Nedarim 21
1) VOWS THAT ARE NOT BINDING
(a) (Gemara - Mishnah): Chachamim declared that 4 vows are
not binding ...
(b) Question: Who is the Tana of our Mishnah?
(c) Answer #1 (R. Aba Bar Mamal): R. Yehudah, citing R.
1. (Mishnah - R. Tarfon): None of them is a Nazir, for
Nezirus requires Hafla'ah (a definite acceptance).
(d) Answer #2 (Rava): Our Mishnah can even be as Chachamim -
the Mishnah does not say that they (later) agreed upon 3,
rather, they both want (at the time the vowed) 3.
(e) Question (Ravina): If the seller demanded more than a
Selah, and the buyer offered less than a Shekel (and they
vowed not to compromise) - are these binding vows, or are
these also vows of persuasion?
(f) Answer (Rav Ashi - Mishnah): Reuven was refusing to eat
by Shimon. Reuven vowed not to enter Shimon's house, and
not to drink even a drop of cold drink.
1. Reuven may enter the house and drink cold drink - he
only intended to forbid eating and drinking.
2. Rhetorical question: But he said, a drop of cold
3. Answer: Rather, this is how people speak (i.e. they
say more than they intend to forbid).
i. Also by the buyer and seller, their vows are
exaggerations of their intentions.
(g) Question (Ravina): That case is different!
2) PERMITTING THE 4 VOWS
1. It is known that Tzadikim make small offers and do
much more (therefore, if Reuven agrees to drink a
drop, Shimon will serve him a full meal).
2. Here, we have a doubt - perhaps each really intends
to compromise on the price, and the vows are of
3. Or, perhaps each is adamant not to budge, and the
vows are real vows!
i. This question is unresolved.
(a) Version #1 (Rav Yehudah citing Rav): One who took one of
the 4 vows must ask a Chacham for annulment.
(b) Objection (Shmuel): The Mishnah says that Chachamim
permitted them - how can you say that one must ask a
(c) Version #2 (Rav Yehudah citing Rav Asi): A Chacham may
only permit a vow akin to one of the 4 vows.
1. He holds, a vow cannot be annulled through (mere)
regret (rather, one must find grounds to consider
the vow as a mistake).
(d) A man that had vowed came to Rav Huna to annul the vow.
1. Rav Huna: Do you still desire the vow?
(e) A man that had vowed came to Rabah Bar Rav Huna to annul
2. The man: No.
i. Rav Huna permitted the vow.
1. Rabah Bar Rav Huna: If 10 people had appeased you at
the time of the vow, would you have vowed?
(f) (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): One who seeks annulment of a vow
- we ask if he still desires the vow; if he says 'No', we
permit the vow;
2. The man: No.
i. Rabah Bar Rav Huna permitted the vow.
1. R. Yishmael b'Rebbi Yosi says (citing his father),
we ask him - if 10 people had appeased you at the
time of the vow, would you have vowed?
(g) A man came before Rav Asi to annul a vow.
2. If he says no, we permit the vow.
1. Rav Asi: Do you regret the vow from the beginning?
(h) A man came before R. Elazar to annul a vow.
2. The man (incredulously): No?! (Of course I do!)
i. Rav Asi permitted the vow.
1. R. Elazar: Are you still happy with the vow?
(i) A woman had vowed that her daughter should not benefit
2. The man: Had they not angered me, I never would have
vowed (and I regret that I did).
3. R. Elazar: It should be as you want (the vow is
1. R. Yochanan: Had you known that neighbors will say,
you must have seen licentiousness in your daughter
to make such a vow - would you have vowed?