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Previous daf Nedarim 11
NEDARIM 11 - dedicated anonymously in honor of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, and in
honor of those who study the Dafyomi around the world.
1) [line 3] MI'CHELAL LAV ATAH SHOME'A HEN
(a) From a statement expressing a negative, the counter positive can be
implied and vice versa. This is a Halachic concept included in the laws of
Tena'im (stipulations). It also applies in other places where speech is
needed, such as Nedarim.
(b) This principle is the subject of a Machlokes between Rebbi Meir and
Rebbi Yehudah. Rebbi Meir rules that we cannot infer the counter expression
from his statement, but rather, it must be explicitly articulated. The
Gemara (Shevu'os 36a) discusses whether Rebbi Meir holds that the opposite
cannot be inferred only in cases of Mamon or even in cases of Isur.
2) [line 18] ZIVCHEI SHELAMIM
(a) A person may offer a Korban in the Beis ha'Mikdash as a voluntary
sacrifice, as it states in Vayikra 1:2. Voluntary Korbanos may be Olos
(which are burned entirely on the Mizbe'ach, see Vayikra 1:2-17, 6:1-6),
Shelamim (parts of which are eaten, see Vayikra 3:1-17, 7:11-21, 7:28-37) or
Menachos (flour offerings, see Vayikra 2:1-13, 6:7-11, 7:9-10).
(b) Korbenos Shelamim that are offered by an individual may be brought from
male or female sheep, cows or goats. They are Kodshim Kalim, and may
therefore be slaughtered in the entire Azarah (and not only in its northern
part). Before its slaughter, the owner presses his hands on the head of the
animal (Semichah). The blood of the Shelamim is cast on the northeastern and
southwestern corners of the Mizbe'ach (Shenayim she'Hen Arba). Nesachim (a
meal offering consisting of flour and oil and a wine libation) are brought
as part of the Korban (Bamidbar 15:3-12). The meal offering is completely
burned on the Mizbe'ach and the wine is poured into one of the Sefalim (the
silver libation pipes located at the top of the southwest corner of the
Mizbe'ach) (RAMBAM and RA'AVAD Hilchos Ma'aseh ha'Korbanos 2:1). The amount
of flour, oil and wine needed depends upon the animal offered, as specified
in Bamidbar (ibid.).
(c) The Chazeh (breast) and Shok (thigh) of the Shelamim were given to the
Kohen (Vayikra 7:34). Certain fats and other parts of the Korban were
offered on the Mizbe'ach (Vayikra 3:3-4, 9-10, 14-15). The owner and his
guests (men or women) eat the rest of the Korban inside the borders of the
city of Yerushalayim. The meat may be cooked in any fashion and is eaten for
two days and the intervening night.
3) [line 20] MACHIS - is lying [in front of him]
4a) [line 22] B'IKARO KA MATPIS - he "connects" [his meat] (through
Hatfasah -- see Background to Nedarim 2:1a:c) to the original status [of the
sacrifice, in which case his meat has the status of a Korban Shelamim before
Zerikas ha'Dam, and is prohibited to him]
b) [line 22] B'HEITERA KA MATPIS - he "connects" [his meat] (through
Hatfasah) to the present status [of the sacrifice, in which case his meat
has the status of a Korban Shelamim after Zerikas ha'Dam, and is permitted