REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Nazir 40
(a) Rav Chisda says 'Lilkos be'Achas' meaning that a Nazir receives Malkos
for shaving even one hair.
What does he mean when he says ...
(b) Does Rav Chisda mean specifically a razor?
- ... 'Le'akev bi'Shetayim'?
- ... 'Listor, Eino Soser Ela be'Rov Sa'aro'?
- ... 'u've'Ta'ar'? To which of the three above-mentioned-cases does this pertain?
(c) What is the source for these Halachos?
(d) Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah in the name of Rebbi Shimon disagrees with the
Tana Kama regarding the last of the three Halachos ('Listor, Eino Soser Ela
What does he say?
(a) What do a Nazir, a Metzora and the Levi'im in the desert have in common?
Answers to questions
(b) Seeing as the Torah obligates them all to shave, why does the Tana find
it necessary to state 'Sheloshah Megalchin'?
(c) There is no specific Pasuk in the case of Metzora.
Why can we not
learn it with a 'Binyan Av' from ...
(d) Is it correct to say that the Mitzvah of waving does not pertain to a
Metzora at all?
- ... the Levi'im?
- ... a Nazir?
(a) On what grounds do we refute even the suggestion that we learn Metzora
from a combination of Nazir and the Levi'im? What leniency does Metzora have
In the Mishnah in Makos, the Rabbanan restrict the prohibition of shaving
one's beard to shaving it with a razor.
(b) How did Rava reconcile this Beraisa with the Beraisa that we quoted
earlier, which declines to learn the Din of razor by a Nazir from a Metzora
(implying that we know it by a Metzora and not by a Nazir)?
What does Rebbi Eliezer say?
(a) What do they learn from the combination of the two Pesukim "u'Fe'as
Zekanam *Lo Yegaleichu*" (written in connection with the Kohanim in Emor),
and "*ve'Lo Sashchis* es Pe'as Zekanecha" (written in connection with every
Jew in Kedoshim)?
(b) How do the Rabbanan know that (in spite of the above La'av) a Kohen who
is a Metzora must nevertheless shave his beard?
(c) Considering that the prohibition for Kohanim to shave their beards with
a razor is also an Asei ("Kedoshim Yih'yu") as well as a Lo Sa'aseh, and
bearing in mind the principle 'Ein Asei Docheh es Lo Sa'aseh va'Asei', why
does the Asei obligating a Metzora to shave override the La'av of "Pe'as
Zekanam Lo Yegaleichu" together with "Kedoshim Yih'yu"?
(a) How do the Rabbanan know that "Zekano" comes to *obligate* the Metzora
to shave his beard with a razor exclusively, rather than to *permit* him to
do so, without precluding a plane or tweezers?
(b) Which 'Isur' is the 'Kal va'Chomer' referring to?
(c) According to the Rabbanan, how can we make a 'Kal va'Chomer' from Nazir
assuming that he is obligated to shave with a razor, when in the Beraisa on
the previous Daf, the same Rabbanan knew about the Metzora's obligation to
shave with a razor before they knew about that of a Nazir?
(a) This proof is refutable however, on the grounds that we cannot learn a
Kohen Metzora from a Nazir Yisrael.
Answers to questions
(b) What other objection might we have to learning a Kohen Metzora from a
(c) The second (irrefutable) proof that the Metzora is obligated to use a
razor is from Resh Lakish's principle.
What is Resh Lakish's principle?