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Previous daf Nazir 34
1) [line 4] SHE'LO NITNAH NEZIRUS ELA L'HAFLA'AH - Nezirus can only take
effect through an unequivocal acceptance of Nezirus
Rebbi Yehudah, in the name of Rebbi Tarfon, rules that the statement with
which a person makes himself a Nazir may not be conditional. He must realize
from the moment he utters it that this statement is making him a Nazir. He
learns this from the word "Ki *Yafli*," which implies that the statement of
Nezirus requires "Hafla'ah" (certainty and clarity; lack of ambiguity). This
requirement applies not only to Nezirus, but to Nedarim and Shevu'os as well
(see Insights to Nedarim 19:1).
2) [line 13] KOY
(a) There is a Machlokes Tana'im as to which animal Chazal (Mishnah Chulin
83b, et al) refer to as a "Koy." Some Tana'im rule that it is a crossbreed
between certain species of goats and deer, while others rule that is an
independent species (Chulin 80a). The Koy shows signs of being both a
Behemah (a domesticated animal) and a Chayah (a non-domesticated animal).
The Chelev (forbidden fat -- see Background to Nazir 28:1) of a Behemah is
prohibited and its blood does not need Kisuy ha'Dam (covering after ritual
slaughter -- see Background to Beitzah 7:29), while the Chelev of a Chayah
is not prohibited but its blood does need Kisuy ha'Dam.
(b) As a result, still other Tana'im rule that the status of a Koy is always
in doubt (a Safek). This is usually the context in which the Gemara refers
to a Koy, as an animal about which the Halachic status is uncertain. Because
of this doubt, the Chelev of a Koy is prohibited and its blood requires
Kisuy ha'Dam. (for additional Halachos regarding the Koy, see Bikurim
*****PEREK #6 SHELOSHAH MININ*****
3) [last line] K'ZAYIS - an amount that is the size of an olive (MEASURES OF
- 1 Eifah = 3 Se'in
- 1 Se'ah = 6 Kabin
- 1 Kav = 4 Lugin
- 1 Log = 4 Revi'iyos = 6 Beitzim
- 1 Beitzah = 2 k'Zeisim
- 1 k'Zayis = approximately 0.025, 0.0288 or 0.5 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions.
4) [line 2] REVI'IS - an amount that is three times the size of a k'Zayis
(see previous entry)
5a) [line 9] HA'CHITZONIM - the outer peels of the grapes
b) [line 9] HA'PENIMIM - the inner seeds
6) [line 10] ZOG SHEL BEHEMAH - the bell of an animal (that is hung around
7a) [line 11] HA'CHITZON ZOG - the outer part of the bell is called "Zog"
b) [line 11] HA'PENIMI INBAL - the inner part (the clapper) is called
8a) [line 15] ALIN - leaves
b) [line 15] LULAVIN - (O.F. vedile) tendrils; thin branches (i.e. edible
young sprouts) of the grape vine (RASHI to Berachos 55a)
9) [line 20] RIBUYEI U'MI'UTEI / KELALEI U'FERATEI
(a) In order to extract the Halachah from the verses of the Torah, many
Tana'im interpret the verses on the basis of Kelalim (generalizations) and
Peratim (specifications). Others interpret the verses on the basis of
Ribuyim (inclusions, i.e. qualifications that enlarge the scope of the law)
and Mi'utim (exclusions).
(b) According to the approach that learns Ribuyei u'Mi'utei, when a Mi'ut is
followed by a Ribuy, then everything is included except for *one item* that
is totally dissimilar to the limiting Mi'ut. According to the approach that
learns Kelalei u'Fratei, when a Klal is followed by a Perat, which is
followed in turn by another Klal, then everything belonging to the general
category that is similar to the Perat is included. Anything that is not in
the *general category* of the limiting Perat is not included. (This means
that the verse will include *less* instances than the first opinion
10) [line 25] SHEVISHTA - branches
11) [line 38] L'DUNO K'EIN HA'PERAT - (lit. to judge it like the
specification) to rule that everything belonging to the general category
that is similar to the Perat is included and anything that is not in the
general category of the limiting Perat is not included.
12) [line 39] NA'ASEH KELAL MOSIF AL HA'PERAT
(a) In the Introduction to the Sifra (the Halachic Midrash to Vayikra),
Rebbi Yishmael, who is Doresh Kelalei and Peratei, lists thirteen methods
that Chazal use for extracting the Halachah from the verses of the Torah.
One of them is Perat u'Chelal, Na'aseh Kelal Mosif Al ha'Perat.
(b) When a Perat (specification) is followed by a Kelal (general term), then
the Halachah of the verse is all-inclusive and applies to all of the cases
of the general category.
13) [line 42] GUHARKEI - (a) unripe grapes at the beginning of their
development (TOSFOS, ROSH); (b) small underdeveloped grapes that are not fit
to eat that are found between large grapes (MEFARESH)
14) [line 43] INVEI DI'CHERIN - wormy grapes
15) [line 44] BEIN HA'BEINAYIM - (a) the meat of the grape that is located
between the seed and the peel (TOSFOS, MEFARESH); (b) small underdeveloped
grapes that are not fit to eat that are found between large grapes (RABBEINU
TAM, cited by TOSFOS and the ROSH)