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Moed Katan Chart #2

Moed Katan Daf 6a

THE STATUS OF THE AREA BETWEEN TWO STONES UPON WHICH ARE
MARKERS (LIME; "SID") INDICATING THE PRESENCE OF TUM'AH
  (A)
THE AREA BETWEEN
THE STONES HAS NOT
BEEN PLOWED(1)
(B)
THE AREA BETWEEN
THE STONES HAS
BEEN PLOWED
1) THERE IS LIME (SID)
POURED BETWEEN THEM
Tamei(2) Tamei(3)
2) THERE IS NO LIME
(SID) BETWEEN THEM
Excess lime: Tamei(4)
No excess: Tahor
Tahor
==========
FOOTNOTES:
==========
(1) "Choresh" (plowed) refers to the area between the two stones (RASHI). However, TOSFOS has a different Girsa which reads "Cheres." According to Tosfos, the Gemara is saying that the area between the stones was also marked but not with a very white marker such as lime, but with a darker white, such as that of Cheres (Charsit; potsherd cement), in order to indicate that the area between the stones does *not* contain the Kever and is *not* Tamei. This was also the Girsa of the Rambam, but he explains that "Cheres" refers to pieces of potsherds between the stones, which indicate that the excess of lime was not meant to mark a grave between the two stones, but is leftover from a structure that was once built between the stones and was destroyed.
(2) It is the practice of those who make markers for graves to mark the entire area above the grave with lime. Only in a field do they mark *around* the field, due to its large size (TOSFOS HA'ROSH).
(3) Since there is lime between the stones, that is a sign that there is certainly a known Tum'ah there. (The Chachamim were not lenient with regard to unquestionable Tum'ah to say that it is not Metamei b'Ohel if it was plowed over -- TOSFOS, see Insights to 5b).
(4) The word of the Gemara is "Merudad," meaning that some of the lime has spilled down the sides of the stones and is now covering part of the area between the stones, making it look like the entire area is a marker for Tum'ah. The Rishonim argue why the area between the two stones, when there is a spillover of lime, is Tamei, unless that area is plowed over:
(a) RASHI and the RA'AVAD (Hilchos Tum'as Mes 8:11) explains that "Choresh" means that the area between the stones was plowed over. Since the lime does not cover *all* of the ground between the stones, we assume that the lime that spilled over fell from the stones as a result of the plowing, and the only place that is Tamei is the area directly beneath the stones.
(b) TOSFOS is Gores "Cheres," as explained above (footnote #1). He explains that if there is a darker colored cement (potsherd cement, as opposed to lime) between the two stones, denoting that the area between them is *not* Tamei, we assume that the person spilled an excess of lime down the sides of the stones in order that it should fuse with the rest of the cement and form a strong covering for the entire area, but not to indicate the presence of a grave in that area.
(c) The RAMBAM (Hilchos Tum'as ha'Mes 8:11) is also Gores "Cheres." He explains that if there are potsherds between the stones, it is a sign that the abundant lime was spilled on the stones in order to strengthen a structure that was built upon the two stones, and not to indicate any grave. It seems from the Rambam that in the presence of potsherds, the *entire* area, even beneath the stones, it Tahor (since the lime covered neither the stones alone, nor the entire area between the stones, but rather the stones and some of the area between them).


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