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Moed Katan 20

MOED KATAN 19, 20 - anonymously dedicated my an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah in Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.

1) [line 2] REGEL MAFSIKO - the festival suspends it (e.g. the days of Shiv'ah. The Tana of the Beraisa rules that if a person sits for one or two days before the Regel, he must sit for the remainder of the days of Shiv'ah after the Regel. The Halachah does not follow this opinion -- see SHULCHAN ARUCH OC 548:7)

2) [line 3] ISKEI RABIM - (lit. public matters) the obligation of the public to comfort the mourner, which they do on the festival (SHULCHAN ARUCH OC 548:6, see also Insights to Sukah 41:3)

3) [line 17] KEFIYAS HA'MITAH - turning over of the bed (so that it may not be slept in)
4) [line 27] IKLA - came
5) [line 28] SURA D'FERAS - Sura on the Euphrates (Soura-Soura, the modern- day Surie -- as opposed to Sura, a town in Southern Babylonia between the canals, seat of the Yeshiva founded by Rav)

6) [line 31] A'KIL'A - on the porch
7) [line 32] NAFAK MILSA MI'BEINAIHU - during their discussion, the following question arose

8a) [line 36] SHEMU'AH RECHOKAH - [the period of mourning upon hearing] a report [of a relative's death] after an interval of time
b) [line 37] SHEMU'AH KEROVAH - [the period of mourning upon hearing] a recent report [of a relative's death]

*9*) [line 42] KA'RABIM "CHUTZ MI'ZU" - that is, except for this Halachah and for all other laws of mourning (Tosfos Eruvin 46b DH d'Amar)

10) [line 44] BEI CHOZA'EI - a district of Bavel on the caravan road, along the Tigris River and its canals

11) [line 48] CHAMISHAH MESEI MITZVAH - one's wife, brother, sister, son and daughter
12) [line 50] GINZAK - a city in the north of Media Atropatene, near the Caspian Sea
13) [line 51] ELISHA BEN AVUYAH - (a) A Tana from the third generation, who became an apostate, and was subsequently known as "Acher." Several reasons are cited to explain his abandonment of tradition. (Chagigah 14b-15b, Kidushin 39b); (b) Our Gemara is referring to another Tana by the name of Elisha ben Avuyah, from an earlier generation, since Rebbi Tzadok was already an old man at the time of the Bris Milah of Elisha ben Avuyah Acher (YA'AVETZ); (c) The correct Girsa should follow the Girsa in Maseches Semachos Chapter 12, where no Tana'im besides Rebbi Tzadok are mentioned with regard to this story (RASHASH)

14) [last line] KI SALIK L'HASAM - when he went up to Eretz Yisrael


15) [line 11] KEISARI - Caeseria, a port city built by Herod, located between Tel Aviv and Haifa (see Background to Megilah 6:31:b)

16) [line 22] ANI - answered
17) [line 25] PARSHAS KOHANIM - the section of the Torah (Vayikra 21:1-4) that forbids Kohanim from coming into contact with dead bodies while commanding them to come into contact with certain deceased relatives

18) [line 31] SHENIYIM - relatives that are once removed; e.g. a father's father, a son's son and daughter, a daughter's son and daughter, etc.

19) [line 37] B'APAH - in her presence
20) [line 40] TZAVADNEYASA KA'BA'IS L'MEICHAL? - do you want to eat "delicacies" (that are fed to mourners)?

21a) [line 42] KOCHELES - to paint her eyelids with a blue or tinted powder
b) [line 42] POKESES - (a) she may part her hair with a comb or her hands;

(b) she may color her face red by applying mud or rouge to her face (see TOSFOS 9b DH Pokeses and RASHI to Shabbos 64b DH v'Lo Sifkos)

22) [line 46] MOZEGES - pours, esp. to dilute wine with water
23) [line 46] MATZA'AS - spreads linen [on the bed]

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