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Moed Katan 12

MOED KATAN 11, 12 - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for Torah and those who study it.

1) [line 3] MASA - a city
2) [line 10] APDADNA - (a) a reception room in a palace (RASHI to Shabbos 77b); (b) a mansion (ARUCH); (c) a courtyard (ARUCH)

3) [line 16] TIVNA - straw
4) [line 17] AVUNGAREI - waiters; stewards
5) [line 18] AGAR - wage
6) [line 19] SHARASHUYEI HU D'KA MESHARSHEI LEI - [since they receive no wages,] they only intend to benefit him, [and the amount of work that they do on Chol ha'Mo'ed is not considered Melachah]

7) [line 28] MARBI'IN - to bring a male animal upon a female animal

8) [line 29] BECHOR
(a) The Kedushah of Bechor rests on every first-born male of an ox, goat or sheep when it comes out of its mother's womb. Nevertheless, there is a Mitzvah for a person to sanctify it himself (Erchin 29, based on Devarim 15:19). He must then give it to a Kohen; it may not be redeemed.
(b) If the animal has no Mum (blemish), the Kohen must bring it as a Korban during its first year. After its blood and Emurim (see Background to Pesachim 43:15a and 95:9) are offered on the Mizbe'ach, its meat is eaten in Yerushalayim during the following two days and the intervening night by Kohanim, their wives, children and slaves.
(c) If the animal has a Mum, it must be slaughtered and eaten during its first year. If it developed a Mum after the first year, it must be slaughtered and eaten within thirty days. The Kohen can give it away or sell it, even to a non-Kohen. However, it may not be sold in a meat market or weighed in the usual manner.
(d) Whether or not it has a Mum, it is forbidden to work with a Bechor or to shear it. Any fleece that is removed from a Bechor, even if it came off on its own, is Asur b'Hana'ah. If, upon Shechitah, the animal is found to be a Tereifah, it is Asur b'Hana'ah and must be buried.
(e) Now that there is no Beis ha'Mikdash, a Kohen must care for a Bechor until it develops a Mum. Alternatively, he can sell it, even if it has no Mum, to a non-Kohen, who may eat it after it develops a Mum. It may not be bought, however, in order to be sold for a profit (Sefer ha'Chinuch #393, #445).

(a) Pesulei ha'Mukdashin are Korbanos that became unfit to be offered upon the Mizbe'ach because of a Mum (blemish). After they are redeemed, it is still forbidden to work with them and to shear them. The milk they produce is also forbidden. They are only permitted to be eaten after being slaughtered (Bechoros 15b).
(b) The Mishnah in Bechoros (5:1) states that Pesulei ha'Mikdashin may be sold in the marketplace and weighed with a Roman Libra, a pound. These acts are normally considered unfitting for Kodshim, and are prohibited to be done to a Bechor

10) [line 32] SHE'TAV'AH - that made it clear that it wanted relations
11) [line 33] TITZTANEN - become chilled
12) [line 34] BAKRUS - cattle-yard, cattle farm
13) [line 34] EIN MEDAIRIN - it is forbidden to fertilize a field by letting cattle wander in it for an extended period of time, dropping their excrement there

14) [line 36] L'NA'ER - (a) to guard (RASHI); (b) to use means by which to expedite the discharge of excrements of the flock on the spot to be fertilized (YERUSHALMI, cited by the NIMUKEI YOSEF and other RISHONIM)

15) [line 36] SECHIR SHABBOS - a laborer who is hired for a week
16) [line 36] SECHIR SHAVU'A - a laborer who is hired for a period of seven years
17) [line 40] LIMUDIM - planks
18a) [line 42] MISHCHA - oil
b) [line 42] CHAMRA - wine
19) [line 46] L'MEISHA CHAVISA - to seal a lid to a barrel with mud
20) [line 47] SINAI AMAR - Rav Yosef, who had such an encyclopedic knowledge of Torah, that it was as if he received it from Mount Sinai

21) [line 49] AMRAH LI EM - my "mother" told me (Abaye was an orphan and he called his nursemaid "Em")

22) [line 49] BAR SHIS SAVEI V'SHI'A- a sealed six-Se'ah barrel of beer
23) [line 50] K'HILCHOS KUSIM - like the laws of the Kusim, i.e. the fact that a Kusi practices a certain law meticulously does not indicate that he practices any other law of the Torah. So, too, the laws of Chol ha'Mo'ed are extremely specific; they apply stringently in certain cases and not at all in others

24) [line 51] AKUROS - (lit. barren) one law cannot be inferred from another one
25) [line 52] ZOFSIN - to spread on pitch
26) [line 52] KUZESA - a small cup


27) [line 2] CHATZDU LEI CHATZDA - had his crop harvested
28) [line 9] KOTZER - [he may] cut [his grain]
29) [line 9] ME'AMER - gather it into a bundle
30) [line 10] DASH - thresh
31) [line 10] ZOREH - winnow
32) [line 10] BORER - he may separate the desirable items from undesirable ones (or vice versa) in a mixture and put them aside for later

34) [line 10] TOCHEN - grind in a mill
35) [line 19] MATILIN SHECHAR - it is permitted to make beer (by means of soaking barley or dates in water)

36) [line 21] SHE'LO YA'ARIM - he should not use a deceptive act; (to claim that he is making beer for Chol ha'Mo'ed when he is actually making beer for after the festival)

37) [line 27] CHUMRESA D'MEDUSHA - (a) a signet ring; (b) a type of fragrant spice or herb that is tied up in a knot and worn around the neck

38) [line 28] KEFEILA ARAMA'AH - a Nochri baker
39) [line 29] SHEIRIM - bracelets; brooches (O.F. nosche)
40) [line 30] NEZAMIM - nose rings or earrings (Ibn Ezra to Bereishis 24:22)
41) [line 30] TABA'OS - rings

42) [line 32] BISHULEI NACHRIM
(a) A decree was enacted that foods that were cooked by Nochrim even in a Jew's house or in a Jew's pots are prohibited to eat. The decree was instituted to prevent intermarriage and to prevent the possibility that the Nochri might feed non-Kosher food to Jews.
(b) Only foods that must be cooked were included in the decree. If they are edible raw, the Nochri has not added to those foods a significant change to prohibit them. Furthermore, only foods that are important enough to be served to kings are prohibited if a Nochri cooked them. It is not customary to invite others to a banquet where less important foods are served. Therefore the sages did not worry that these foods would bring about a mingling of Jews and Nochrim.

43) [line 34] NESORES - wood-chips that fall when sawing; sawdust
44) [line 34] LAYIT - cursed
45) [line 34] IBA - a forest
46) [line 34] SHELANYA - a place in Bavel
47) [line 38] ISHTAMIT NARGA - the axe slipped off its handle
48) [line 38] BA'I L'MIFSEKEI L'SHAKEI - it almost split his thigh
49) [line 39] L'MI'AKAR KISNA - to uproot flax plants
50) [line 39] L'MIKTAL KESHUSA - to cut hops (O.F. homlon)
51) [line 39] L'MI'AKAR SHUMSHEMEI - to uproot sesame plants
52) [line 40] CHAFIFAH - for covering [food or fruits]
53) [line 41] NIZYEI - seeds
54) [line 44] SHOLEH - draws out
55) [line 46] KESHUREI - large, heavy beams
56) [line 48] MEDUCHREI D'NURA - lit torches
57) [line 49] AVSHA MILSA - the thing "makes noise," i.e. becomes known

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