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Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Menachos 99

MENACHOS 96-99 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the fourth Yahrzeit of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner), who passed away 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Talmud study during the week of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.


(a) Having established that there were two rows of tables, where do we initially think Moshe's Shulchan was placed?

(b) How much space did the Kohanim carrying the two rows of Lechem ha'Panim require to pass as they walked side by side?

(c) What problem does that leave us with, according to Rebbi?

(d) Why can we not ask the same Kashya on Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon too, seeing as it is not possible to fit five tables into the north side of the Heichal without the tables entering a little into the south?

(a) How do we answer the Kashya? How did they arrange Moshe's Shulchan?
Which direction did it face?

(b) And what do we mean when we describe the other tables 'ke'Talmid ha'Yoshev Lifnei Rabbo'?

(a) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Malachi ...
  1. ..."ve'es ha'Shulchan Asher Alav Lechem ha'Panim"?
  2. ... "Menoras ha'Zahav ve'Nerosehah Leva'er ba'Erev"?
(b) What does Rebbi Elazar ben Shamua learn from the Pesukim there "es ha'Shulchanos ve'Aleihem Lechem" and "es ha'Menoros ve'Neroseihem Leva'aram ka'Mishpat ... "?

(c) Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah concurs with the Tana Kama regarding the tables.
How does he establish the Pasuk "es ha'Shulchanos va'Aleihem Lechem"? To which Shulchanos does this refer?

(a) Why did the Kohanim place the Lechem ha'Panim on one of the tables in the Ulam whilst carrying them in to the Heichal?

(b) If the Shulchan on which they placed it was made of marble (as we shall see in the next Mishnah, why does the Beraisa refer to it as a silver table?

(c) When they carried the loaves out to distribute them among the Kohanim, they placed them on the golden Shulchan that was lying there.
Why did they do that?

(d) How do we learn from here the principle ... 1. ... 'Ma'alin ba'Kodesh'? 2. ... 've'Lo Moridin'?

(a) How does Rebbi learn from the Pasuk in Pikudei "Va'yakem Moshe es ha'Mishkan, Va'yiten es Adanav, Va'yasem es Kerashav, Va'yiten es Berichav, Va'yakem es Amudav"?

(b) And how does Rav Acha bar Ya'akov learn from the fire-pans of Korach the principle of 'Ma'alin ba'Kodesh?

(c) And what does the Beraisa quoted by Rav Yosef learn from the Pasuk in Eikev "Asher Shibarta Ve'samtam ba'Aron"?

(d) What principle does the Tana learn from there?

Answers to questions



(a) The Torah could have written 'she'Shibarta'.
What do we Darshen from the word "Asher"?

(b) What principle does Resh Lakish learn from there?

(c) And what does he learn from the Pasuk in ...

  1. ... Hoshe'a "Ve'chashalta ha'Yom, Ve'chashal Navi Gam Imach Laylah"? How does he explain the word "Laylah"?
  2. ... Devarim (in connection with Torah-study) "Rak Hishamer Lecha u'Shemor Nafshecha Me'od"?
(d) This is based on a statement by Rebbi Avin Amar Rebbi Ila'a. What did Rebbi Avin say about the words "Hishamer", "Pen" and "Al"?
(a) What does ...
  1. ... Ravina learn with regard to Resh Lakish's ruling, from the fact that the Torah writes both "Hishamer" and "Pen"?
  2. ... Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak say about this, based on the Torah's three expressions "Rak Hishamer Lecha, u'Shemor Nafshecha Me'od, Pen Tishkach"?
(b) What do they learn from the continuation of the Pasuk "u'Fen Yasuru mi'Levavcha"?

(c) What does Rebbi Dustai b'Rebbi Yanai add to this, based on the opening word "Rak"? What does it come to preclude?

(a) What do Torah and the Neshamah (i.e. the formation of the baby) have in common?

(b) What statement do Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Elazar issue, based on this fact?

(c) What analogy does Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael draw with someone who handed a wild bird to his Eved? What did he tell the Eved, who thought that if the bird flew away, he would pay his master the small value of the bird?

(a) The Mishnah discusses the two tables in the Ulam (that we have already alluded to).
Whereabouts in the Ulam were they placed?

(b) Four Kohanim entered the Heichal on Shabbos afternoon to change the Lechem ha'Panim.
What were they holding?

(c) Four other Kohanim preceded them empty-handed.
What was their function?

(d) When they arrived at the Shulchan, where did they all stand? Who is the author of the Mishnah?

(a) How did they proceed, according to the Tana Kama, bearing in mind the need to adhere to the specification of "Tamid"?

(b) What does Rebbi Yossi say? How does he then define "Tamid"?

(a) When did they distribute the loaves among the Kohanim? Why could they not distribute them on Sunday?

(b) On what occasion would they distribute the loaves on Motza'ei Shabbos?

(c) What would they do with the Sa'ir of Musaf when Yom Kippur fell on Friday (although this cannot happen today), and it was forbidden to cook it on Motza'ei Yom Kipur?

(d) Who would eat a goat raw?

(a) What does Rebbi Yossi in a Beraisa, say about removing the Lechem ha'Panim on Shabbos morning and placing the new ones only in the evening (before nightfall)?

(b) How does ...

  1. ... Rebbi Ami adapt Rebbi Yossi's opinion to the Mitzvah of "Lo Yamush Seifer ha'Torah ha'Zeh mi'Picha, Ve'hagisa Bo Yomam va'Laylah"?
  2. ... Rebbi Yochanan carry this one step further?
(c) He added however, that it is forbidden to tell this to an Am ha'Aretz.
Why is that?

(d) According to Rava however, it is a Mitzvah to do so.
Why is that?

(a) ben Dama asked Rebbi Yishmael whether he was allowed to study Greek philosophy.
Who was ben Dama? What made him believe that this may be permitted?

(b) What did the latter reply?

(c) Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni disagrees.
Quoting Rebbi Yonasan, how does he interpret the Pasuk "Lo Yamush"?

(d) Why did Hashem confer such a B'rachah upon Yehoshua?

(a) What does Tana de'Rebbi Yishmael mean when he says that Divrei Torah are not an obligation? How does he conclude his statement?

(b) Based on a Pasuk in Iyov, what advice does Hashem give to those who want to escape having to go to Gehinom?

(c) What does Chizkiyah declare about Hashem's ways, from the fact that the Pasuk begins with the words "ve'af Hesischa"?

(a) Chizkiyah discusses further the Pasuk in Iyov. Why is the entrance to Gehinom narrow?

(b) What does he then learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah ...

  1. ... "He'emik Hirchiv"
  2. ... "Gam Hi le'Melech Huchan"? To whom does "Melech" refer?
(c) And what do we learn from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... there "Medurasah Eish ve'Eitzim"?
  2. ... in Iyov "Ve'nachas Shulchancha Malei Deshen?
Answers to questions

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