REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Menachos 92
MENACHOS 92 (12 Teves 5764) - dedicated by Gitle Bekelnitzky and daughters
to honor the first Yahrzeit of Joel Bikelnitzky, Reb Yoel Yitzchak ben
Shraga Feivish, affectionately known as "Feter Yoel" to everyone in Crown
Heights. Beloved uncle of Layah Bergman (Chicago IL), Zahava Mandel
(Cedarhurst NY), and Sima Weinstock (Kew Gardens Hills, NY)
(a) Our Mishnah, discussing the Din of Semichah. lists only two Korban
Tzibur that require Semichah. According to the Tana Kama, one of these is
the Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach.
What does Rebbi Shimon say?
(b) They do not argue over the second one. What is it?
(c) All Korbenos Yachid, on the other hand, require Semichah, except for
(d) An heir is obligated to perform Semichah on his father's Korban.
does the Mishnah say about him ...
- ... bringing Nesachim?
- ... declaring a Temurah on his father's Korban?
(a) The Beraisa too, echoes the Machlokes Tana'im cited in our Mishnah.
What is the name of the Tana who argues with Rebbi Shimon?
(b) What problem do we have with the Beraisa, which, after stating that
Rebbi Yehudah discards Se'irei Avodas-Kochavim from the list of the Korbenos
Tzibur that require Semichah, continues 've'es Mi Avi Tachteihem'?
(c) What does Ravina reply?
(a) On what grounds does Rebbi Shimon object to Rebbi Yehudah's insertion of
the Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach among the Korbanos Tzibur that require Semichah?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah answer?
(c) Rebbi Shimon can hardly argue with the fact that the Sa'ir
ha'Mishtalei'ach requires Semichah - since thr Torah specifically writes
that it does. His bone of contention with Rebbi Yehudah is that, according
to him, the Kohen Gadol's Semichah did not fall under the regular Din of
Semichah, but was a Gezeiras ha'Kasuv.
(a) Rebbi Yirmiyah comments that Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon follow their
reasoning in a Beraisa. The Tana there, discusses the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos
(in connection with the Kaparah on Yom Kipur).
How does he interpret ...
(b) All this refers to Tum'as Mikdash ve'Kodashav where there was a Yedi'ah
at the beginning but not at the end.
- ... "Ve'chiper es Mikdash ha'Kodesh"
- ... "ve'es Ohel Mo'ed"?
- ... "ve'es ha'Mizbe'ach"?
- ... "Yechaper"?
Which specific Avodah (which
Korbanos) does this refer to?
(c) What is then the significance of the blood of ...
- ... the Par?
- ... the Sa'ir?
(a) If "ve'al ha'Kohanim" refers to the Kaparah of the Kohanim, what is the
Pasuk referring to when it adds ...
(b) Which Kaparah is the Tana referring to now?
- ... "ve'al Kol Am ha'Kahal"?
- ... "Yechaper"?
(c) This is the opinion of Rebbi Yehudah. Rebbi Shimon disagrees with the
latter D'rashah. What analogy does he draw between ...
(d) How can Rebbi Shimon argue with the Hekesh comparing the Kohanim to the
- ... the blood of the Sa'ir ha'Na'aseh bi'Fenim and the blood of the Kohen Gadol's Par?
- ... the Viduy of the Sa'ir ha'Mishtalei'ach and that of the Par?
(a) What does Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa, extrapolate from the Pasuk in
Vayikra (in connection with the Par ha'Ba al Kol ha'Mitzvos "Ve'samchu
Ziknei ha'Eidah es Yedeihem al Rosh ha'Par"?
(b) How does Rebbi Shimon, who requires Semichah by the Sa'ir
Avodas-Kochavim, explain the inference?
(c) We query this however, from another Beraisa, where Rebbi Yehudah makes a
similar inference from the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos (in connection with the
Sa'ir ha'Mishtalei'ach) "Ve'samach Aharon ... al Rosh ha'Sa'ir ha'Chai".
What does Rebbi Shimon extrapolate from this Pasuk?
(a) What problem are we now faced with (concerning the two Beraisos)?
Answers to questions
(b) On what grounds does Rav Sheishes query Rebbi Shimon in the first
Beraisa? What is wrong with saying that the Kohen Gadol should perform
Semichah on the head of the Se'irei Avodas-Kochavim?
(c) So how do we amend the first Beraisa to solve both problems?
(d) What did Rebbi Shimon now say to Rebbi Yehudah?
(a) Bearing in mind Ravina's tradition (that there are specifically two
cases of Korban Tzibur that require Semichah), why does Rebbi Yehudah need
to preclude Se'irei Avodas-Kochavim from a Pasuk?
(b) Rebbi Yehudah, in a Beraisa, learns Se'ir Nachshon (by the Chanukas
ha'Mizbe'ach, in Parshas Naso) from the Pasuk in Vayikra (in connection with
the Sa'ir Nasi) "Ve'samach Yado al Rosh ha'Sa'ir".
Why does he need a
Pasuk for this? Why will the principle that all Korbenos Yachid require
Semichah not suffice?
(c) What does Rebbi Shimon say?
(d) What principle does he state to support both his insertion of Se'irei
Avodas-Kochavim and the exclusion of Sa'ir Nachshon?
(a) Having learned Sa'ir Avodas-Kochavim from a Pasuk, why does Rebbi Shimon
need to state the principle?
(b) Now that he does state the principle, why does he include the Sa'ir
Avodas-Kochavim, and not the Sa'ir ha'Na'aseh bi'Fenim (on Yom Kipur)?
(c) According to Rebbi Shimon, why do we need both Ravina's principle and
the Pasuk ("Ve'samach Yado al Rosh ha'Sa'ir")?
What would have been the
problem had we had ...
(d) What is the gist of the 'Kal va'Chomer'?
- ... the Halachah and not the Pasuk?
- ... the Pasuk and not the Halachah? What else would we have included from a 'Kal va'Chomer'?
(a) How many times does the Torah write "Korbano" in Vayikra (in connection
with the Korban Shelamim)?
(b) Besides Bechor, which other two Korbanos do we initially preclude from
Semichah, from "Korbano"?
(c) Why, if not for "Korbano", would we have included ('Kal va'Chomer from
- ... Bechor?
- ... Ma'aser Beheimah?
- ... Pesach?
(a) What Pircha do we ask on the 'Kal va'Chomer' (of Bechor, Ma'aser and
Pesach over Shelamim).
Answers to questions
Which Chumra, besides Nesachim, does Shelamim
possess, that the other three do not?
(b) So how do we explain the above Limud from "Korbano"?
(c) So what do we learn from these "Korbano"? On whose Korban, besides that
of one's friend, does the Pasuk disqualify from performing Semichah?
(d) And whom do we include from the third "Korbano"?