REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Menachos 87
MENACHOS 87 (7 Teves) - Dedicated by Dr. Josh Daniel of Efrat, Israel, in
memory of his brother, Yitzchok Yisroel [ben Refael Noach Yosef] Daniel, on
(a) Our Mishnah invalidates wine that is *sweet*, boiled or smoked even
Bedieved, but permits 'ha'Listavan (which is also sweet) Bedieved'. Ravina
resolves the discrepancy with 'K'roch ve'Tani'.
What does he mean by that?
(b) Rav Ashi disagrees.
What distinction does he make between the two
kinds of sweetness?
(c) Rebbi in our Mishnah, invalidates old wine. Chizkiyah cites his source
as the Pasuk in Pinchas "le'Keves Yayin".
How does he learn it from there?
(a) What does th Beraisa say about wine of two years old?
(b) How do we know that the suthor is Rebbi?
(c) How does this refute Chizkiyah's suggested source?
(d) How does Rava therefore learn it from the Pasuk in Mishlei "Al Teire
Yayin ki Yis'adam"?
(a) What does the Beraisa comment on 'Keramim ha'Avudim'?
(b) Rav Yosef used to plow his vineyard twice a year.
What happened as a
(c) The Beraisa comments on the ruling of our Mishnah forbidding large
barrels 'Kadiyos Ludiyos Beinoniyos'.
What does that mean?
(d) How should they (not) be stored?
(a) We learned in our Mishnah how the Gizbar would bang on the barrel with
his cane the moment the dregs began to emergs from the tap.
Why did he not
announce this verbally?
(b) What does Rebbi Yochanan, the author of this statement, present as the
antithesis of wine in this regard?
(c) Rebbi Yochanan asks whether, according to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah in
our Mishnah, someone who declares wine containing fungal growth will receive
Malkos, because, as we learned in the Mishnah, he considers it a Ba'al-Mum.
He might well not do so - because maybe the term 'Ba'al-Mum' is restricted
(d) The outcome of the She'eilah is - Teiku.
(a) The Beraisa cites Mo'av as the ideal location for rams, and Chevron, as
the ideal location for lambs.
Where should one go for the best ...
(b) Based on the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Yir'eh Mikn'cha ba'Yom ha'Hu Kar
Nirchav", what does Rebbi Yehudah there say about lambs?
- ... calves?
- ... birds (doves and pigeons)?
(a) Yeshayah ha'Navi refers to the guardian angels whom Hashem placed on the
walls of Yerushalayim.
***** Hadran Alach 'Kol Korbenos Tzibur' *****
What other function did they have?
(b) They say "Atah Sakum Terachem Tziyon" (Tehilim), according to Rava bar
Rav Shilo, and "Boneh Yerushalayim Hashem" (ibi.), according to Rav Nachman
During which period do they say this?
(c) And when would they say the Pasuk (also in Tehilim) "Ki Bachar Hashem
be'Tziyon, Ivah le'Moshav Lo"?
***** Perek Sh'tei Midos *****
(a) According to the Tana Kama of our Mishnah, there were two dry measuring
vessels in the Beis-Hamikdash, an Isaron and half an Isaron.
Rebbi Meir say, based on the Pasuk in Pinchas "Isaron Isaron la'Keves
(b) What was the Tana Kama's Isaron used for?
(c) So how did they measure the three Sa'ah of a bull?
(d) What was the half-Isaron used for?
(a) What was the point of having two Isaron measuring vessels, according to
Answers to questions
(b) What was the Machuk used for? What was wrong with using the 'Gadush' for
(c) What do the Rabbanan learn from the Pasuk there "ve'Isaron Echad
(d) If the Rabbanan learn the measuring vessel of half an Isaron from
"ve'Isaron Isaron" ('Im Eino Inyan'), from where does Rebbi Meir learn it?
(a) What do the Rabbanan then learn from the extra 'Vav'?
(b) What does Rebbi Meir then learn from "ve'Isaron Echad la'Keves
(c) The Rabbanan learn that from 'Nikudo', like Rebbi Yossi in the Beraisa
(from the first "Isaron" of the "Isaron Isaron la'Keves he'Echad" mentioned
on the first day of Succos).
What exactly, does he mean?
(d) What does Rebbi Meir then learn from 'Nikudo'?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about bringing the Chavitei Kohen Gadol in
(b) Then how does Rav Sheishes explain our Mishnah, which says that the
Chatzi Isaron was to measure the Chavitei Kohen Gadol?
(c) Rami bar Chama asked Rav Chisda whether, according to Rebbi Meir, the
Chatzi Isaron was Gadush or Machuk.
Why did he not ask the same She'eilah
according to the Rabbanan?
(d) Rav Chisda replied that we learn Rebbi Meir from Rebbi Meir and the
Rabbanan from Rebbi Meir.
What does he mean by that?
(a) What was Rami bar Chama referring to when he asked Rav Chisda whether
the Chavitei Kohen Gadol were divided by hand or using a K'li? How many
Chalos are we talking about?
(b) On what grounds did Rav Chisda reply emphatically that they did it by
hand? Which Pasuk did he quote?
(a) Rami bar Chama then asks Rav Chisda whether the Kematzim become
sanctified on the Godesh of the Shulchan or not.
To which Kematzim is he
(b) What is his She'eilah? What does he mean by Godesh?
(c) Why might they not become sanctified?
(a) We query Rav Chisda's answer 'Eino Mekadesh' from a statement by Rebbi
What did Rebbi Yochanan say, depending on whether the folds in
the loaves extend vertically two and a half Tefachim or two Tefachim (and
bearing in mind that each row of loaves consisted of six loaves)?
(b) And how do we now reconcile Rav Chisda with Rebbi Yochanan?
(a) Our Mishnah now deals with the liquid measures in the Beis-Hamikdash.
Based on the Hin and the Log, what were the seven liquid measures listed by
the Tana Kama?
Answers to questions
(b) According to Rebbi Eliezer b'Rebbi Tzadok, there were only two liquid
measures in the Beis-Hamikdash, a Hin and a Log.
How did they then measure
the fractions that were necessary for bulls, rams and lambs?
(c) Rebbi Shimon dispenses with the Hin altogether, adding a measure of one
and a half Lugin instead.
What purpose did the latter serve?
(d) Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa, lists the seven liquid measures starting
from a Revi'is ha'Log.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?