REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Menachos 84
(a) The Tana'im of our Mishnah and of the previous Beraisa argue over
whether the Omer and the Sh'tei ha'Lechem are Kasher Bedieved, if they are
brought from Yashan produce. They do not however, argue over the produce of
What do they both hold about the Omer and the Sh'tei
ha'Lechem of Chutz la'Aretz?
(b) Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah however, disagrees.
What does he say?
(c) What does he then learn from the Pasuk in Emor "Ki Savo'u el ha'Aretz"
(from which the other Tana'im learn that the Omer must comprise the crops of
(d) How does he then interpret "mi'Moshvoseichem" (in connection with the
(e) And what does he extrapolate from there?
(a) The Mishnah in Shekalim rules that Shomrei Sefichim in the Sh'mitah get
paid from the Terumas ha'Lishkah.
What are 'Shomrei Sefichim'?
(b) What problem does Rami bar Chama have from the Pasuk in Behar
(c) How does Rav Chisda counter ...
- ... that from the Pasuk "le'Doroseichem"?
- ... Rami bar Chama's reply that he did not mean to suggest that the Omer should be Bateil, but that one should bring it from last year's crops?
- ... Rami bar Chama's suggestion that one could always bring the Omer from last year's fresh crops?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan learns that one cannot bring last year's crops, from
What does Rebbi Elazar learn from the Pasuk in Emor
(b) What is the difference between the two D'rashos?
(c) Rabah cites a Beraisa, which discusses the Pasuk in Vayikra "ve'Im
Takriv Minchas Bikurim".
How does the Tana define "Minchas Bikurim"?
(d) What does Rebbi Eliezer there, learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Aviv"
(in the current Parshah) "Aviv" ('ki ha'Se'orah Aviv' [in Va'eira, in
connection with the plague of Barad])?
(a) Rebbi Akiva learns the same Halachah from the fact that both a Yachid
and the Tzibur bring their Chovah, sometimes from wheat and sometimes from
Which Chovah does a Yachid bring from ...
(b) Bearing in mind that the Korban Chovah of a Tzibur is the Sh'tei
ha'Lechem, what does he go on to prove from there?
- ... wheat?
- ... barley?
(a) Alternatively, what Rebbi Akiva said was that if the Korban Omer had
consisted of wheat, then the Pasuk would not have referred to the Sh'tei
ha'Lechem as 'Bikurim'.
Answers to questions
Why is that? What does "Bikurim" imply?
(b) On whom did Rabah have in mind to ask, when he cited this Beraisa?
(c) What do we reply?
(a) The Beraisa limits Bikurim to the seven species.
What is the
significance of the seven species? What do they comprise?
(b) Dividing the fruit into two categories, which fruit may only be brought
from the valley, and which from the mountains?
(c) What does Ula say about dates from the mountains and other fruit from
the valley that the owner designated as Bikurim?
(a) Rav Acha bar Huna queries Ula from a Beraisa. The Tana quotes the
Pasuk in Vayikra (in connection with yeast and [date] honey) "Korban Reishis
What is the Torah coming to teach us? To which Korban does
(b) Similarly, the Torah writes in Pinchas (in connection with the Musafin)
"be'Hakrivchem Minchah Chadashah la'Hashem".
Bearing in mind that the
Sh'tei ha'Lechem comprise wheat, what does the Tana learn from the fact that
the Torah repeats the word "Chadashah"?
(c) And what does the Tana learn from the Pasuk ...
(d) With a stress on the word "ba'Sadeh" in the previous Pasuk, what does
the Tana then learn from the Pasuk in Korach "Bikurei Kol Asher be'Artzam"?
- ... in Ki Sisa "ve'Chag Shavu'os Ta'aseh Lecha Bikurei Ketzir Ma'asecha"?
What else must Bikurim precede?
- ... in Mishpatim "ve'Chag h'Katzir Bikurei Ma'asecha Asher Tizra ba'Sadeh"? Why does the Torah need to add this, now that we have the Pasuk in Ki Sisa?
(a) In which connection does the Pasuk write in Mishpatim "be'Osp'cha es
Ma'asecha min ha'Sadeh"?
(b) Bearing in mind that by then, all the crops have been harvested
including the grapes, what do we then learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah
(c) What is the Tana referring to when he lists 'Peiros' together with
Nesachim? Why does he insert it?
(d) What is now Rebbi Acha bar Huna's Kashya from 'she'be'Gag,
she'be'Churva, she'be'Atzitz, ve'she'biSefinah' on Ula? What have these
cases got to do with Temarim she'be'Harim and Peiros she'be'Amakim'?
(a) Rabah answers that the Seifa (regarding 'she'be'Gag, she'be'Churva ...
') refers (not to Bikurim, but) to Menachos (as we shall see shortly).
'Seifa' might refer to the Seifa of the Beraisa 'Kol she'be'Gag ... '.
What else might it refer to?
(b) How does Rav Ada bar Ahavah query this from the Pasuk there "Kol Tahor
(c) What does Rav Mesharshaya mean when he answers 'T'rei Kera'i Kesivi'
"Kol Tahor be'Veischa" and "Lecha Yiheyeh"? How does this answer the Kashya?
(d) Rav Ashi establishes the entire Pasuk by Menachos.
How does he then
explain "Kol Tahor be'Veischa Yochlenu"?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan rules 'Lo Kideish' (with regard to dates that grew on a
mountain, and other fruit that grew in a valley [like Ula]).
Resh Lakish say?
(b) What is Resh Lakish's reason?
(c) Rebbi Elazar bases Rebbi Yochanan's reason on the Pasuk in Ki Savo.
What does he learn from the 'Mem' ...
(d) What inspired Rebbi Elazar to discover this explanation?
- ... in "me'Reishis"?
- ... in "me'Artz'cha"?
(a) Resh Lakish explains 'me'Artzecha' like Raban Gamliel bar Rebbi in a
What does he learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Asher Tavi
me'Artzecha" from "Eretz Chitah u'Se'orah ... "?
(b) And how does Resh Lakish counter Rebbi Yochanan, who learns the
Gezeirah-Shavah from "Eretz" and the invalidation of Temarim sh'be'Harim
from the 'Mem' of "me'Artz'cha"?
(c) One Beraisa rules that fruit that grew on a roof, in a ruin, in a
plant-pot or in a boat is subject to Bikurim, including the reading of the
What does a second Beraisa rule?
(a) What do we mean when, according to Resh Lakish, we resolve the two
contradictory Beraisos by establishing one Beraisa by the roof of a cave and
the other, by the roof of a house?
(b) And what do we mean when we establish one of them by ...
(c) What is the problem with Rebbi Yochanan's ruling?
- ... a Churvah Avudah, and the other, by a Churvah she'Einah Avudah? What does 'Avudah' mean?
- ... a flower-pot with a hole, and the other, by one without a hole?
- ... a wooden boat, and the other, by a boat made of earthenware?
(d) We answer that according to him, this is a second Machlokes Tena'im.
One Beraisa says 'she'be'Gag ve'she'be'Churvah Meivi ve'Korei'.
a second Beraisa say?
(a) Our Mishnah presented Ofrayim as second to Machnis and Zatcha as regards
flour. When Moshe began performing miracles in Egypt, he was confronted by
Yuchna and Mamrei.
Answers to questions
Who were these two gentlemen?
(b) What did they say to him?
(c) What did he reply?