(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Menachos 70


(a) Rava asked what the Din will be (still n connection with the Ikar and the Tosefes) regarding Ma'aser.
What is the case?

(b) What second She'eilah did he ask assuming that we go after the Tosefes (with regard to having to Ma'aser the Tosefes).

(c) What was Abaye referring to when he asked Rava why this should be any different than a regular case of wheat and barley?

(d) What did Rava reply? What makes wheat and barley different?

(a) We try to resolve the She'eilah from a statement by Rebbi Yitzchak Amar Rebbi Yochanan.
What did Rebbi Yitzchak say regarding a Litra of onions which were already Ma'asered and which one then planted?

(b) Is onions a species that is 'Zar'o Kalah' or not?

(c) Why did the Tana find it necessary to insert the word 'Litra'?

(d) Why can we not then resolve Rava's She'eilah from there?

(a) What is the Din regarding taking Ma'aser from crops that grew in a plant pot that has no hole in it?

(b) What did Abaye retort when Rebbi Chanina bar Minyumi asked him about Ma'asering from one plant pot without a hole on another plant pot without a hole?

(a) So Abaye amends the She'eilah.
What is the case, according to him?

(b) Bearing in mind that the Ikar is Patur and the Tosefes, Chayav, what is then the She'eilah?

(c) Seeing as Rava already asked the She'eilah above, why did we find it necessary to repeat it?

(a) Rebbi Avahu asked what the Din will be in a case where after performing Miru'ach, the owner replanted the stalks, and then, when they grew, he Ma'asered them whilst they were Mechubar (attached).
Why might the Ma'aser ...
  1. ... be valid?
  2. ... not be valid?
(b) The Rabbanan objected to the She'eilah' on the basis of a 'Mishnah'? What does the Tana say about Ma'asering from Mechubar?

(c) Abaye refutes their objection by confining the 'Mishnah' to one specific area of Halachah.
Which area?

(d) This ruling is understandable in a case where one cuts the corn and eats it, since then it is no longer Mechubar.
But why will the Chiyuv Miysah and Chomesh not apply there where one bends down and eats the crops whilst they are still attached?

(a) We query this from a note in Ilfa's notebook.
What unusual Din pertains to the Neveilah of a Tahor bird?

(b) What did Ilfa write about an egg of such a bird (that is still attached to the body, and) that is still half inside the bird's stomach and half outside when it dies?

(c) According to what we just said, why should one be Chayav at all? Why do we not say there too, 'Batlah Da'ato Eitzel Kol Adam'?

(a) What did Rav Tivyomi bar Kisna Amar Shmuel say about someone who plants Kil'ayim in a plant pot without a hole?

(b) Abaye raised a slight objection to this, based on the Mishnah in Terumah.
What does the Tana say there with regard to taking Terumah from a plant pot without a hole on to one with a hole?

(c) What does this prove?

(d) What is then Shmuel's Chidush?

(a) Which five types of grain does our Mishnah lists that are Chayav Chalah?

(b) What does the Tana rule with regard to ...

  1. ... combining them to make up the Shi'ur Chalah?
  2. ... the Din Chadash?
(c) And which final Chumra does he add to the List?

(d) On what condition does the Omer permit them?

Answers to questions



(a) The Beraisa describes spelt (Kusmin) as belonging to the family of wheat.
What does the Tana say about oats (Shiboles-Shu'al) and rye (Shifon)?

(b) What are the ramifications of these rulings?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "Lo Sochal Alav Chametz ... Shiv'as Yamim Tochal Alav Matzos Lechem Oni"?

(b) And what does Resh Lakish subsequently learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "*Lechem* Oni" "Ve'hayah be'Ochlechem *mi'Lechem* ha'Aretz" (in Yehoshua)?

(c) Which two types of grain do these Pesukim preclude from the Din of Chametz, Matzah and Chadash? Why is that?

(a) What does the Beraisa say about fresh produce, flour and dough (of the five species)?

(b) Rav Kahana learns this with regard to Chadash, Rav Yosef, with regard to Chametz.
How does fresh wheat because subject to Chametz?

(c) Rav Papa learns it with regard to Ma'aser Sheini.
What is the case?

(a) Finally, Rava learns it with regard to Tum'as Ochlin.
What will be the Chidush, according to him?

(b) We support this with a Beraisa.
How does the Tana qualify the statement of Rava? Which kind of grain will combine to make up the Shi'ur of a k'Beitzah even if it is still in its shell? Why is that?

(c) What does the Tana mean when he says 'Se'orah she'Einah Kelufah, Einah Mitztarefes'?

(a) What does Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael learn from the Pasuk in Shemini "al Kol Zera Zeru'a Asher Yizare'a"? What does he say about wheat, barley and lentils?

(b) How do we reconcile what we just learned about barley with Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael?

(c) What is the reason for that?

(d) What is the problem with ascribing this Halachah to the fact that the peel of wet barley is soft and is therefore considered a food in its own right?

(a) Earlier we cited Resh Lakish, who learned from "Lechem" "Lechem" that the five kinds of grain are included in the Isur Chadash. What does Rebbi Yochanan learn via the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Reishis" (in Emor in connection with the Omer) "*Reishis* Arisoseichem" (in Korach, in connection with Chalah)?

(b) Rebbi Yossi bar Zavda interprets our Mishnah, which forbids cutting the new corn before the Omer, as 'before the cutting of the Omer'.
What does Rebbi Yonah say?

(c) What problem does our Mishnah create for Rebbi Yossi bar Zavda? What ought the Tana to have said instead of 'Asurin be'Chadash Lifnei Pesach, Ve'liktzor Lifnei ha'Omer'?

(d) Why is there no problem, according to Rebbi Yonah?

(a) How will we reconcile the text that reads 'Le'arvinhu ve'Lisninhu Asurin be'Chadash Ve'liktzor Lifnei ha'Pesach' (implying that it becomes permitted to eat Chadash on Motza'ei Yom-Tov Rishon of Pesach), with the fact that on no account, can Chadash be permitted before the following sunrise?

(b) What serious problem remains with this text (which is actually based on the text in our Mishnah)?

(c) We therefore conclude that as far as Chadash is concerned, Rebbi Yossi bar Zavda agrees with Rebbi Yonah that it is Asur until the bringing of the Omer.
On which part of the Mishnah are they then arguing?

(d) What is then their Machlokes?

Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,