REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf MENACHOS 60
(a) What might we have thought, had the Torah written "Lo Yasim Alehah ... ve'Lo Yiten" (without adding the second "Alehah")?
(b) What then does "Alehah" come to teach us?
(c) What else does the Tana learn from the second "Alehah", with regard to 'Kli al-gabei K'li'?
(a) Our Mishnah discusses all the possible computations regarding which Menachos require Hagashah but not Tenufah, which require Tenufah but not Hagashah, which require both and which require neither. Into which group does the Tana place a Minchas So'les, Machavas, Marcheshes, Chalos, Rekikin, Minchas Kohanim, Kohen Mashi'ach, Nochrim, and Nashim?
(b) We already discussed Rav Papa, who states (according to one interpretation) that the Mishnah always refers to ten cases (to preclude the opiniion of Rebbi Shimon). The above list only contains nine. Which Minchah does the Tana Kama insert instead of Minchas ha'Omer (which appeared in the previous Mishnah, but does not belong here)?
(c) Which two cases does Rebbi Shimon omit from the list (though he will later insert another two)?
(a) The Pasuk writes in Vayikra (in connection with the Minchas Marcheshes) "Ve'heivesa es ha'Minchah Asher Ye'aseh me'Eileh la'Hashem ... Ve'higishah el ha'Mizbe'ach". What do we learn from the word ...
1. ... "ha'*Minchah*"? What we have thought had the Torah omitted it?
2. ... "*ha*'Minchah"?
(b) Why can we not learn Hagashah by Minchas Chotei with a 'Binyan Av' from ...
1. ... Minchas Nedavah?
2. ... Minchas Sotah?
(c) So we try to learn it with a 'Tzad ha'Shaveh' from a Minchas Nedavah and a Minchas Sotah. What do they share in common with a Minchas Chotei that might create a basis for a Tzad ha'Shaveh'?
(d) What Pircha do we ask on the 'Tzad ha'Shaveh'?
Answers to questions60b--------------------60b
(a) On what basis does Rebbi Shimon include in the Din of Hagashah, a Minchas ha'Omer from "Ve'heivesa" and a Minchas Sotah from "Ve'hikrivah" (both mentioned in the Pasuk in Vayikra that we are currently discussing)?
(b) How do we try and learn Minchas Sotah from Minchas Chotei?
(c) What Pircha do we ask on ...
1. ... the Limud from Minchas Chotei?
2. ... the Limud from Minchas ha'Omer (which we initially bring in its place)?
3. ... the 'Tzad ha'Shaveh' (from both of them), which forces Rebbi Shimon to learn it from "Ve'hikrivah"?
(a) Rebbi Yehudah in the Beraisa, learns Hagashah by Minchas Sotah from "Ve'heivesa". On what basis does he do that?
(b) What does he then say about the Minchas ha'Omer?
(c) And what does Rebbi Yehudah then learn from "Ve'hikrivah")?
(a) How do we refute ...
1. ... the 'Kal va'Chomer from Minchas Chotei (based on Tenufah)?
2. ... the counter proof from Minchas Sotah which consists of barley just like the Minchas ha'Omer)?
(b) How do we answer this Kashya?
(c) From where does Rebbi Yehudah finally learn Hagashah with regard to Minchas ha'Omer?
(a) On what grounds does Rebbi Shimon (who learns Minchas ha'Omer from "Ve'heivesa") disagree with this? What Pircha does he ask on the 'Mah Matzinu'?
(b) How does Rebbi Yehudah counter Rebbi Shimon's Pircha?
(c) Querying Rebbi Yehudah, we ask that perhaps "Ve'heivesa" comes to teach us a Minchas Nedavah not mentioned in the Parshah. To which Minchah does this refer?
(d) On what is this suggestion based?
(a) How do do we refute the current suggestion? From where do we learn that the Minchos Nedavah is confined to those listed in the Parshah?
(b) And what do we learn from the 'Mem' of "me'Eileh"?
(a) What does Rebbi Shimon include in the Din Hagashah from "es ha'Minchah"?
(b) And what does he preclude from "me'Eileh"?
(c) On what grounds does he include Sha'ar Menachos, and exclude the Sh'tei ha'Lechem and the Lechem ha'Panim, and not the other way round?
(d) What problem does this create regarding a Minchas Nesachim?
(a) We solve the problem by precluding the Minchas Nesachim from Hagashah from "Ve'hikrivah". But did Rebbi Shimon not already use "Vehikrivah" to include a Minchas Sotah in the Din of Hagashah?
(b) On what grounds does Rebbi Shimon include the Minchah of a Nochri, a Chotei and a woman, and exclude a Minchas Nesachim? What disadvantage does the latter have over the former?
(c) What problem does this create with regard to Minchas Kohanim and Minchas Kohen ha'Mashi'ach?
(d) We answer that "Ve'higishah el ha'Mizbe'ach" comes to preclude them from Hagashah. But surely we need that to teach us the Din of Hagashah?
(a) We conclude that Rebbi Shimon includes Minchas Nochrim, Chotei ve'Nashim (from "ha'Minchah") because they have four advantages that the three Menachos precluded by him do not have. Two of these are 'le'Ishim' and 'Ba'os bi'Gelal Atzman'. What is the third?
(b) On what grounds do we therefore not include ...
1. ... the Sh'tei ha'Lechem and the Lechem ha'Panim?
2. ... the Minchas Nesachim?
3. ... the Minchas Kohanim and the Minchas Kohen Mashi'ach?
Answers to questions
(a) The Pasuk in Vayikra continues "Ve'heirim ... es Azkarasah". What are the two possible interpretations of "Ve'heirim"?
(b) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Tzav "Ve'heirim Mimenu ... "? What is written there that is not written here?