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Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Menachos 35

MENACHOS 35 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah in Baltimore, Maryland, formerly of Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.


(a) What did Rav Chananel Amar Rav say about changing the order of the Parshiyos?

(b) How did Abaye qualify this? In which case will the Tefilin remain Kasher?

(c) On what grounds does Rava object to Abaye's qualification?

(d) How does he therefore rule?

(a) Rav Chananel Amar Rav lists the Titura as 'Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai'.
What is the 'Titura'? What does the word mean?

(b) Abaye adds the Ma'abarta and the 'Shin' to the list.
What is the 'Ma'abarta'?

(c) What Chumra does he add with regard to the Charitz? What is the 'Charitz'?

(d) Rav Dimi from Neherda'a disagrees.
What does he say?

(a) What does Abaye say the Sofer should do before he begins to write Tefilin?

(b) What does Rav Dimi from Neherda'a say?

(a) What does the Beraisa say about using straps ...
  1. ... made of silk or of linen?
  2. ... that are colored green, black or white?
(b) Why does the Tana forbid red straps?

(c) Rebbi Yehudah recorded one episode concerning a Talmid of Rebbi Akiva and another concerning a Talmid of Hurkenus, the son of Rebbi Eliezer. What did they do?

(d) What did he try to prove from there?

(a) How did the Chachamim counter Rebbi Yehudah's proofs?

(b) How will we reconcile the ruling of the Rabbanan with Rebbi Yitzchak, in whose opinion, black straps are 'Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai'?

(c) If the Tana is indeed speaking about the insides of the straps, why is the Tana concerned about 'G'nai ve'Davar Acher'? How will anybody know what is on the inside of the straps?

(a) What source does the Beraisa give for the Halachah that Tefilin must be square?

(b) What does Rav Papa mean when he explains ...

  1. ... 'be'Tafran'?
  2. ... 'ba'Aleksunan'?
(c) What does the Mishnah in Megilah say about round Tefilin?

(d) What makes round Tefilin dangerous?

(e) How does Rav Papa refute the proof from there that Tefilin must be square?

(a) For how long does Rav Huna validate Tefilin? At which point do they become Pasul?

(b) What does Rav Chisda say? What distinction does he draw between two and three holes?

(c) How does Rav qualify the last ruling.
When will even two holes in two walls render the Tefilin Pasul?

(d) Why is that ruling in turn, confined to new Tefilin, but not to old ones?

(a) When Abaye asked Rav Yosef to define 'new' and 'old' in this regard, what did he reply? How does one determine this by stretching the Bayis?

(b) Alternatively, he told him, one can determine it by pulling on a strip of leather that protrudes from the Bayis.
What does that prove?

Answers to questions



(a) When Abaye's Tefilin-strap snapped, on what grounds did Rav Yosef forbid him to tie the ends together?

(b) What did he reply when he then asked him whether he may stitch them?

(c) Would it make any difference if he moved the stitch to the back, where it would not be seen?

(a) What are 'Gardumei Retzu'os'?

(b) What did Rav Papa rule with regard to 'Gardumei Retzu'os'?

(c) We refute this however, based on b'nei Rebbi Chiya, who declared Gardumei Techeiles and Gardumei Eizov (for a Parah Adumah) only to be Kasher.
Why did they not include 'Gardumei Retzu'os' in their list? What is the basic difference between it and Gardumei Retzu'os?

(a) Evidently then, the Retzu'os of Tefilin have a Shi'ur. Rami bar Chama Amar Resh Lakish gives it as 'ad Etzba Tzeradah'.
What is 'Etzba Tzeradah'?

(b) What do we mean when we say that ...

  1. ... Rav Kahana demonstrated 'Kafuf'?
  2. ... Rav Ashi demonstrated 'Pashut'?
(c) Rabah would throw the straps over his shoulders and let them hang behind him; Rav Acha bar Ya'akov would tress them together.
What did Mar b'rei de'Ravina used to do?
(a) What, according to Rav Yehudah b'rei de'Rav Shmuel bar Shilas in the name of Rav, is the source of the Kesher shel Tefilin?

(b) Besides the fact that the 'Daled' of the shel Rosh and the 'Yud' of the shel Yad should be facing outwards, what else might Rav Nachman mean when he says 've'Noyeihen le'Bar'?

(c) How do we prove the second explanation to be the correct one?

(d) What did Rav Ashi respond, when Mar Zutra, pointing out that his Retzu'os were twisted, queried him from 've'Noyeihen le'Bar'?

(a) How did Rebbi Eliezer interpret the Pasuk in Ki Savo "Ve'ra'u Kol Amei ha'Aretz ki Sheim Hashem Nikra Alecha ve'Yar'u Mimeka"?

(b) And what does Rav Chana bar Bizna Amar Rebbi Shimon Chasida learn from the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "Va'hasirosi es Kapi, Ve'ra'isa es Achorai"?

(c) What is the significance of the fact that the Kesher shel Tefilin are placed ...

  1. ... on the head (and not on the neck)?
  2. ... opposite the front of the head (and not at the side)?
(d) This is the meaning of 'K'lapei Panim'.
How else might we read these words? What would they then mean?
(a) How do we initially understand the statement said in the name of Rav, Rav Huna or Shmuel 'Tefilin Mevarech Aleihen mi'Sha'as Hanachasan'?

(b) We have a problem with that however, from a ruling of Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel.
What did he say about reciting Birchos ha'Mitzvos?

(c) So how do Abaye and Rava explain the original statement?

Answers to questions

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