REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Menachos 19
MENACHOS 19 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah in
Baltimore, Maryland, formerly of Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra 'Ve'shachat es ben ha'Bakar
Ve'hikrivu b'nei Aharon ha'Kohanim es Damo ... "?
(b) What Kashya does this ruling pose on our current interpretation of Rebbi
Shimon (regarding 'Vav Mosif')?
(c) We counter this D'rashah with that of "ve'Samach ve'Shachat".
will Rebbi Shimon learn from there?
(d) In that case, why do we not also require the owner to perform the
Shechitah, like he must be the one to perform the Semichah?
(a) What problem do we have with the previous 'Kal va'Chomer' from Zerikah?
(b) We therefore quote the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "Ve'shachat es ban ha'Bakar
Asher Lo" (in connection with the Kohen Gadol on Yom Kipur).
this teach us?
(a) Rav says that wherever the Torah writes 'Torah' and 'Chukah', it comes
'Le'akev' (to render crucial whatever is written in that Pasuk).
the Pasuk "Zos Chukas ha'Torah", how do we initially interpret Rav's
(b) Seeing as the Torah only writes "Torah" by Nazir, how do we explain the
fact that Tenufah is Me'akeiv, based on the Pasuk "Kein Ya'aseh al Toras
Nizro", even though the Torah does not mention "Chukah"?
(c) What similar problem do we have with the Mishnah in the following Perek,
which considers each of the four types of loaves of a Korban Todah crucial
to the Todah?
(d) And we answer the Kashya, by quoting Mar, who comments on the Pasuk in
Tzav "Al Zevach Todas *Shelamav*"?
What does Mar include from here? How
does this answer the Kashya?
(a) By Metzora too, the Torah only writes "Torah", yet the Mishnah there
considers all four items that the Torah prescribes for his purification
Which four items?
(b) And we answer the Kashya by quoting the Pasuk "Zos Tih'yeh Toras
What do we learn from there?
(c) And we finally ask on Rav from the Avodah on Yom Kipur, where the Torah
writes only "Chukah".
Which aspect of the Yom Kipur Avodah will the
Mishnah later derive from here, is Me'akev the Avodah?
(d) What do we therefore conclude with regard to Rav's statement? What did
he really mean when he stated that "Torah" and "Chukah" are Me'akev?
(a) Based on the fact that various aspects of other Korbanos are not
Me'akev, despite the fact that in Tzav, the Torah writes "Zos ha'Torah,
la'Olah ve'la'Minchah ... ", how do we finally restrict Rav's statement?
(b) Then why did Rav say "Torah ve'Chukah"?
(c) Rav states that in whichever respect the Torah repeats itself, it is
What is he referring to?
(d) Seeing as the Torah writes "Kol Zachar bi'Venei Aharon Yochlenah, Chok
Olam ... ", why do we initially think that Rav needs to come on to the fact
that the Torah repeats itself?
(a) We retract from the previous suggestion, based on the Mishnah later.
Answers to questions
Which three rulings does the Tana present there, regarding the two rows of
Lechem ha'Panim, and the two Bazichei Levonah?
(b) What is the source for these rulings? Why does it pose a Kashya on what
we just said?
(c) We therefore conclude that even "Chukah" that is written with regard to
Achilah, is Me'akev in other regards too.
What do we therefore learn from
the Pasuk in Vayikra "mi'Girsah u'mi'Shamnah"?
(a) We just quoted Rav, who said that in whichever respect the Torah repeats
itself, it is Me'akev.
What does Shmuel say?
(b) What problem do we have with this, based on a S'vara?
(c) And we conclude that Shmuel agrees on principle that repetition
constitutes 'Le'akev', and he argues with Rav over 'M'lo Kumtzo' (in Shemini
where the Pasuk writes "Vayemalei Chapo Mimenah"]) and "be'Kumtzo" (in
Which Halachah does this represent?
(d) Why does Shmuel then decline to learn that it is Me'akev?
(a) We already cited Shmuel in the first Perek, who learns that even though
the liquid measures do not sanctify solids, and vice-versa, the bowls (for
the blood) do.
What is his source for this?
(b) If he declines to learn 'Doros' from Sha'ah regarding 'Midah le'Kometz',
how can he then learn Doros from Sha'ah regarding the Din of 'K'lei Shareis
(a) Which Avodah is the Pasuk in Tzav referring to when it writes "Zos Toras
ha'Minchah Hakreiv Osah b'nei Aharon Lifnei Hashem"?
(b) What did Rav Kahana and Rav Asi ask Rav from this repetition? What does
our Mishnah rule in a case of 'Lo Higish'?
(c) What did Rav reply? What did he learn from this Pasuk?
(a) What does the Tana Kama of the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Tzav ...
Answers to questions
(b) How do we resolve this discrepancy?
- ... "Lifnei Hashem"?
- ... "el P'nei ha'Mizbe'ach"? Where was the Kevesh situated?
(c) According to Rebbi Eliezer, the Minchah was brought specifically to the
southern side of the Mizbe'ach. Rav Ashi bases Rebbi Eliezer's reasoning
on the location of the Mizbe'ach.
Where was the Mizbe'ach situated,
according to Rebbi Eliezer?
(d) How does that explain his ruling?