ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Menachos 61
MENACHOS 61 - has been sponsored through a generous gift from Eli
Rosengarten of Zurich, Switzerland, and family.
(a) Still with regard to the Din of Tenufah and Hagashah, our Mishnah rules
that Log Shemen shel Metzora and his Asham, and Bikurim according to Rebbi
Eliezer ben Ya'akov -require Tenufah but not Hagashah.
(b) The Tana includes Shalmei Yachid in this list. Besides the Eimurin - the
Chazeh ve'Shok (the chest and the right calf) of a Shelamim, are included in
(c) The other two items that the Tana includes are - the Sh'tei ha'Lechem
and the Sh'nei Kivsei Atzeres.
(d) After placing the two loaves on the two lambs - the Kohen places both
his hands underneath those of the owner and waves them in all six directions
(like one shakes a Lulav [see Tosfos Amud Beis DH 'Kohen']).
(a) The difference between ...
1. ... "Asher Hunaf" and "Asher Huram" is - that the former means in all
four direction, the latter, up and down.
(b) Tenufah takes precedence (i.e. comes first) over Hagashah.
2. ... the location where the Tenufah was performed, and the location where
the Hagashah was performed was - the former on the east side of the
Mizbe'ach, the latter, on the west.
(c) The two Menachos that require both Tenufah and Hagashah are - Minchas
ha'Omer and Minchas Kena'os.
(d) The only Minchah that requires neither is - Minchas Nesachim.
(a) Rebbi Shimon lists three Korbanos, each of which requires two out of
three specific Mitzvos (but not the third). Two of the three ...
1. ... Korbanos are Zivchei Shalmei Yachid and Zivchei Shalmei Tzibur. The
third is - Asham Metzora.
(b) The Mitzvah that is not required by ...
2. ... Mitzvos are Semichah and Tenufah Shechutin. The third is - Tenufah
1. ... Zivchei Shalmei Yachid is - Tenufah Chayim.
(c) We learn from ...
2. ... Zivchei Shalmei Tzibur - Semichah.
3. ... Asham Metzora - Tenufah Shechutin.
1. ... the Pasuk in Metzora (in connection with the Asham Metzora and the
Log of oil) "Ve'heinif Osam Tenufah" - that the Asham Metzora requires
waving together with the oil.
(d) We know that the Torah does not mean to say that after waving them
together, the Kohen waves them again independently - because it writes
"Tenufah" in the singular (and not 'Tenufos').
2. ... "Ve'hikriv *Oso* le'Asham ... Ve'heinif" - that if the Kohen waved
them separately, he is Yotzei.
(a) We interpret "Lifnei Hashem", with regard to the Tenufah, to mean - on
the east side of the Mizbe'ach (see Rabeinu Gershom at foot of page).
(b) But surely, we ask - the question "Lifnei Hashem"; 'Yachol be'Ma'arov'
(asked elsewhere in connection with the Hagashah of the Minchah) implies
that "Lifnei Hashem" refers to the west side of the Mizbe'ach (and not the
(c) And we answer that a Minchah is different - because it is referred to as
'Chatas', and therefore requires Keren and Yesod. And the south-eastern
Keren did not have a Yesod (as we learn in the Mishnah in Midos). Otherwise,
any side of the Mizbe'ach is included in "Lifnei Hashem" (see Tosfos DH
(a) Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov learns from the Pasuk "Ve'lakach ha'Kohen
ha'Tene mi'Yadecha" - that Bikurim requires Tenufah.
(b) The connection between this Pasuk and the Pasuk in Tzav (in connection
with the Korban Shelamim) "Yadav Tevi'enah" is - that he learns the above
with a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' from there (by means of "Yad" "Yad").
(c) A 'Gezeirah-Shavah' generally cuts two ways, and sure enough, we compare
Shelamim to Bikurim with regard to a Kohen participating in the Tenufah.
(d) Consequently, the Kohen would place his hand underneath that of the
owner (see Tosfos DH 'Kohen'), and they waved it together.
(a) We ask why the author of our Mishnah (which requires Tenufah by Bikurim)
cannot be Rebbi Yehudah, who learns from the Pasuk "Ve'hinachto" - the
Mitzvah of Tenufah.
(b) When we answer that we prefer to establish Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov as
the author, because he was a great man, we are referring to the principle -
'Mishnas Rebbi Eliezer ben Yaakov Kav ve'Naki', which means that (in the
Mishnah) the Halachah is always like him.
(c) Rava answers that we prefer to establish our Mishnah like Rebbi Eliezer
ben Ya'akov - because he Darshens it from "Ve'hinicho" which is written at
the beginning of the Parshah (rather than from "Vehinachto" at the end [see
(a) After incorporating the Chazeh ve'Shok of Shalmei Nashim in the Din of
Tenufah, the Tana adds 'Aval Lo ba'Acherim' (implying that he precludes
them). Rav Yehudah explain - that the Tana is precluding women from actually
performing Tenufah, on the one hand, but including their Korban in the Din
of Tenufah, on the other.
(b) And it is - the Kohen alone who performs the Tenufah on their Korban.
(c) The Tana Kama of a Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Tzav (in connection
with the Tenufah) "B'nei Yisrael" - to preclude Nochrim and women.
(a) To explain why if we exempt the Korban of a woman and of a Nochri from
Semichah completely, because the Torah writes "B'nei Yisrael" (in that
connection), why we do not do likewise with regard to Tenufah, where the
Torah uses the same words, Rebbi Yossi there explains - that it is whereas
Semichah can only be performed by the owner, Tenufah can still be performed
by the Kohen.
(b) And from "B'nei Yisrael" (written by Tenufah), he learns that a Nochri
and a woman cannot perform Tenufah (like the Tana Kama).
(c) Another Beraisa learns from "ha'Makriv" - that a Ger and an Eved
Meshuchrar (who has been set free) can perform Tenufah.
(d) The Pasuk cannot be coming to preclude the owner from participating in
the Tenufah - due to the Pasuk "Yadav Tevi'enu", as we learned above.