POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Menachos 10
MENACHOS 10 (20 Tishrei) - Dedicated by Al, Sophia and Jared Ziegler (of Har Nof,
Jerusalem) in loving memory of Al's mother, Chaya bas Berel Dov Ziegler.
1) EXPOUNDING EXTRA WORDS IN "PARSHAS METZORA"
(a) Question: What do we learn from (Rashi - the repetition;
Tosfos - the change of words between) "Al Dam ha'Asham"
and "Al Makom Dam ha'Asham"?
2) WHEN THE RIGHT HAND IS REQUIRED
(b) Answer: The Torah must write both:
1. If it only said "Al Dam ha'Asham", one might have
thought that the oil must be put on the blood, if
the blood was cleaned off the oil cannot be put;
(c) Question (Rava): Granted, the Torah had to write "Al Dam
ha'Asham" and "Al Makom Dam ha'Asham" - but why must it
say "Yemanis" each time;
2. If it only said "Al Makom Dam ha'Asham", one might
have thought that the blood must be cleaned off, for
if it was still there, it would be a Chatzizah
(between the oil and the finger).
3. (The Torah wrote both, to teach that the oil is put
there whether or not the blood is still there.)
1. According to R. Zeira, we already learned from the
four occurrences of "Smolis" that everywhere else
that the Torah discusses a hand, it is the right
(d) Answer (Rava): We do not learn like R. Zeira - rather, a
Gezerah Shavah "Yad-Yad" (from Metzora) teaches that the
right hand is used for Kemitzah;
1. "Regel-Regel" (from Metzora) teaches that the right
foot is used for Chalitzah;
(e) Question: What do we learn from the four occurrences of
2. "Ozen-Ozen" teaches that the right ear is Nirtza
(i.e. of an Eved Ivri who does not want to leave
after six years.).
(f) Answer #1 (Rav Shisha brei d'Rav Idi): This teaches that
the Kohen's right hand is Pasul to hold the oil (that a
Metzora brings) when sprinkling or putting it on him:
1. Otherwise, a Kal va'Chomer would have permitted it!
Other Avodos are Kosher only with the right hand -
here, even the left hand is Kosher, all the more so
the right hand!
(g) Question: The Torah repeats these words (Smolis, Yad,
Regel and Yemanis) regarding a poor Metzora - what do we
learn from them?
(h) Answer: This is like Tana d'vei R. Yishmael taught - a
Parshah can be repeated to teach one Chidush, we need not
expound extra words that are repeated.
(a) (Rabah bar bar Chanah): Wherever it says 'Etzba' or
'Kehunah', the right hand is required.
1. We are thinking that this is only when it says both
of them - he learns from "V'Lakach
(b) Question: Regarding Kemitzah, it only says 'Kohen';
2. We learn from Metzora (that this refers to the right
hand) - "V'Toval ha'Kohen Es Etzba'o ha'Ymanis".
1. (Mishnah): If Kemitzah was done with the left hand,
it is Pasul.
(c) Answer (Rava): 'Etzba' *or* 'Kehunah' by itself teaches
that the right hand is required.
(d) Question (Abaye): Regarding Holachah of limbs (of an
Olah) to the Mizbe'ach, it says Kohen - "V'Hikriv
1. This refers to bringing limbs to the ramp.
(e) Answer: 'Etzba' or 'Kehunah' teaches that the right hand
is required regarding something that is Me'akev Kaparah,
similar to (sprinkling on a) Metzora (from which we
2. (Mishnah): (One Kohen carries) the right leg in his
left hand, the place where it was cut faces himself.
(f) Question: But it says 'Kehunah' regarding Kabalah, and it
is Me'akev Kaparah (and R. Shimon is Machshir with the
1. (Mishnah): If Kabalah was done with the left hand,
it is Pasul;
(g) Answer: R. Shimon says that it must say both 'Etzba' and
2. R. Shimon says, it is Kosher.
(h) Question: R. Shimon does not require both!
1. (Beraisa - R. Shimon): Wherever it says 'Yad', this
refers to the right hand; 'Etzba' always refers to
the right finger.
(i) Answer: (He holds that) 'Etzba' by itself teaches that
the right hand is required, 'Kehunah' by itself does not
(j) Question: What do we learn from 'Kehunah'?
(k) Answer: He must be like a Kohen (i.e. wearing Bigdei
(l) Question: Regarding Zerikah (R. Tam - Melikah) it only
1. (Mishnah): If Zerikah (R. Tam - Melikah) was done
with the left hand, it is Pasul;
(m) Answer: A Beraisa teaches that he does argue.
2. R. Shimon does not argue!
1. (Beraisa): (R. Tam and Shitah Mekubetzes delete the
following from the text.) (If Kabalah was done with
the left hand, it is Pasul;
(n) Question: Rava taught that a Gezerah Shavah "Yad-Yad"
teaches that the right hand is used for Kemitzah - this
is unnecessary, we learn from "Kohen"!
2. R. Shimon says, it is Kosher.)
3. If Zerikah (R. Tam - Melikah) was done with the left
hand, it is Pasul;
4. R. Shimon says, it is Kosher.
(o) Answer: We need to learn two things - that the right hand
is used for Kemitzah, and for putting the Kometz in
(p) Question #1: R. Shimon holds that there is no need to put
the Kometz in another Kli - what does he learn from
(q) Question #2: Even according to the opinion that R. Shimon
requires putting the Kometz in another Kli, R. Shimon
permits using the left hand for this - what does he learn
1. It does not teach Kemitzah with the right hand -
even though R. Shimon does not learn this from
"Kohen" (since it does not say 'Etzba'), he has
another source for this!
(r) Answer to both questions: R. Shimon uses "Yad-Yad" to
teach that Kemitzah of Minchas Chotei requires the right
2. (Rav Yehudah brei d'R. Chiya): R. Shimon learns from
"Kodesh Kodoshim Hi (a Minchah) ka'Chatas
i. If the Kohen wants to offer it (Maktir the
Kometz using his hand, without a Kli) like
(Matanos Dam of) Chatas, he uses the right
hand, like for Chatas;
ii. If he wants to offer it (using a Kli) like
(Matanos Dam of) Asham, he may use the left
hand, like for Asham.
1. Since R. Shimon says that the Torah does not want
the Korban of a Chotei to be beautiful, one might
have thought that Kemitzah with the left hand is
Kosher - "Yad-Yad" teaches, this is not so.