REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Megilah 7
MEGILAH 6-10 sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
(a) What did Esther mean when she requested of the Chachamim 'Kav'uni
(b) What did she reply when they initially declined, on the grounds that
doing so would only incite the hatred of the Nochrim?
(c) And when she asked them to include Megilas Esther among the holy
writings, what did they mean when they quoted the Pasuk in Mishlei "ha'Lo
Kasavti Lecha Shalishim"?
(a) The Chachamim relented however, on account of the Pasuk in Beshalach
"K'sov Zos Zikaron ba'Seifer".
How did this Pasuk cause them to change
(b) The above explanation is the opinion of Rebbi Elazar ha'Muda'i.
does Rebbi Yehoshua explain this Pasuk?
(c) What can we infer from Shmuel's statement that Esther does not render
one's hands Tamei?
(d) How do we reconcile this with another statement of his, where he says
that Esther was said with Ru'ach ha'Kodesh?
(a) According to Rebbi Meir, Koheles does not render the hands Tamei, and
there is a Machlokes by Shir ha'Shirim; according to Rebbi Yossi, there is a
Machlokes by Koheles, Shir ha'Shirim definitely does.
What does Rebbi
Shimon say about ...
(b) How do we reconcile Shmuel (who just said that Esther does not render the
hands Tamei) with Rebbi Shimon (nor do either of the other two Tana'im in the
Beraisa argue with him with regard to Rus and Esther?
- ... Koheles?
- ... Rus, Shir ha'Shirim and Esther?
(c) On what grounds does Rebbi Shimon ben Menasya maintain that Koheles does
not render the hands Tamei?
(d) It appears from the Pasuk in Melachim "Vayedaber Sheloshes Alafim Mashal
(which are *not* recorded) that those parables that *are* (including Koheles)
were said with Ru'ach ha'Kodesh. We finally prove it from a Pasuk in Mishlei.
(a) The Tana'im bring a number of proofs that Esther was said with Ru'ach
ha'Kodesh. Some say from "Vayomer Haman be'Libo" (Rebbi Eliezer), others from
"va'Tehi Esther Noseis Chein be'Einei Kol Ro'ehah" (Rebbi Akiva) ... from
"Vayivada ha'Davar le'Mordechai" (Rebbi Meir) ... and from "u'va'Bizah Lo
Shalchu es Yadam" (Rebbi Yossi ben Durmaskis). What proof does Shmuel bring?
(b) According to Rava, there is a flaw in each of the Tanas' proofs.
is the flaw in the proof from ...
(c) What did Rava mean when he quoted a folk-saying 'one sharp pepper is
better than baskets-full of melons'?
- ... "Vayomer Haman be'Libo"?
- ... "va'Tehi Esther Noseis Chein be'Einei Kol Ro'ehah"?
- ... "Vayivada ha'Davar le'Mordechai"?
- ... ""u'va'Bizah Lo Shalchu es Yadam"?
(a) What Halachic inference can we make from the words ...
Answers to questions
(b) What did Rebbi Oshaya say to Rebbi Yehudah Nesi'a when he sent him the
thigh of a third calf and a flask of wine?
- ... "u'Mishlo'ach Manos Ish le'Re'eihu"?
- ... "u'Matanos la'Evyonim"?
(c) When Rabah gave Abaye Sh'lach Manos which included a sack of dates to
take to Mari bar Mar, what did Abaye comment to Rabah?
(d) What did he then comment to Mari when he sent him back with a sack of
ginger and a cupful of long peppers?
(a) What happened to Abaye when, after leaving Rabah's house fully satisfied,
he arrived at Mari bar Mar?
(b) What folk-saying did he quote to prove his point?
(c) Abaye bar Avin and Rav Chanina bar Avin were both very poor.
they kill two birds with one stone on Purim?
(a) How drunk is one obligated to become on Purim?
(b) What happened one Purim, when Rabah and Rebbi Zeira fulfilled that
(c) What did Rebbi Zeira reply when, the following year, Rabah suggested that
they eat their Purim Se'udah together again?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Esther "*Yemei* Mishteh ve'Simchah"?
(b) What did Rav Ashi comment when Ameimar assumed that the Rabbanan were
late for the Derashah one Purim because they were busy with the Purim
(c) Ameimar corrected him.
What did he teach him?
(d) How many times did Rav Ashi ask Ameimar to repeat it?
(a) According to our Mishnah, the only difference between what is permitted
and what is forbidden on Shabbos and on Yom-Tov is 'Ochel Nefesh'. The author
of our Mishnah cannot be Rebbi Yehudah, who permits something else on Yom-Tov
that is forbidden on Shabbos.
What is it?
(b) The Tana of our Mishnah learns from the Pasuk in Bo "Hu" 've'Lo
Machshirav'. Rebbi Yehudah learns his concession from a Pasuk in the same
(c) What does ...
(d) What is an example of a Melachah that could not have been performed on
- ... the Tana Kama learn from "Lachem"?
- ... Rebbi Yehudah learn from "Hu"?
(a) What is the only difference between the Melachos of Shabbos and those of
(b) The author of our Mishnah must be Rebbi Nechunyah ben ha'Kanah who holds
that Shabbos and Yom Kipur have the same Din as regards 'Tashlumin'.
does this mean?
(c) What do the Rabbanan say?
(a) We learned in a Mishnah in Makos that, according to Rebbi Chananyah ben
Gamliel, all Chayvei Kerisus who receive Malkos, are absolved from Kareis.
What comment did Rebbi Yochanan make regarding that Mishnah?
Answers to questions
(b) How did Rava try to prove Rebbi Yochanan's statement from our Mishnah?
(c) Rav Nachman (bar Yitzchak) refutes Rava's proof by establishing our
Mishnah like Rebbi Yitzchak.
What does Rebbi Yitzchak say?
(d) Rav Ashi considers that unnecessary. He refutes Rava's proof even if the
author is not Rebbi Yitzchak.
How does he do that?