REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Makos 22
MAKOS 21-24 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications
for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
(a) The Amora'im cite many possible La'avin which the Tana could have
included in our Mishnah (some of them which have nothing, even remotely, to
do with plowing, only according to Rebbi Chanina ben Chachinai). Rav Hoshaya
asks from 'Zore'a be'Nachal Eisan'.
What does this refer to? Where would
the sinner then have to be plowing?
(b) Rav Chananya asks from 'Mochek es Hashem ba'Halichaso', and Rebbi Avahu
from 'Kotzetz Baharto' (the prohibition to remove flesh stricken with
Tzara'as). What is the source for 'Kotzetz Baharto'?
(c) Abaye asks from 'Mezi'ach Choshen me'Al ha'Eifod' and from 'Meisir Badei
Aron', and Rav Ashi, from 'Choresh ba'Atzei Asheirah'.
What is the source
of this latter La'av?
(a) Ravina asks from 'Kotzetz Ilanos Tovos' and Rebbi Avira comments to
Rebbi Mani that the Tana could have asked from where the sinner had sworn
that he would not plow on Yom-tov.
On what grounds do we reject this
(b) How do we nevertheless reinstate it? How is it possible for such a
Shevu'ah to take effect?
(c) We refute the suggestion that the Tana does not include the case of
Shevu'ah, because he is not concerned with something that can be rescinded,
from Hekdesh and Nazir, both of which the Tana mentions even though both can
How do we reinstate the Kashya however, by rejecting the
Pircha from ...
(d) On what grounds do we reject this interpretation of Nazir?
- ... Hekdesh?
- ... Nazir?
(a) How do we finally answer the Kashya from Shevu'ah? Why *does* the Tana
not include it in the Mishnah?
(b) All the Other Kashyos however, remain unaswered.
Why in fact, *does*
the Tana omit them (see Tosfos DH 'Maskif'?
(a) What is a 'Shor Pesulei ha'Mukdashin'?
(b) Rebbi Hoshaya rules that someone who breeds a Shor Pesulei ha'Mukdashin
is subject to two sets of Malkos.
Why is that?
(c) What gives the animal this dual status?
(d) Will Rebbi Hoshaya's ruling apply even if the cow is a Pesulei
(e) And what does Rebbi Yitzchak say about someone who leads a 'Shor Pesulei
ha'Mukdashin' that is hitched to a plow?
(a) What does our Mishnah learn from the Pasuk "be'Mispar ... Arba'im"?
(b) According to Rebbi Yehudah, one receives forty lashes.
Where is the
'extra' one administered?
(c) The Mishnah requires 'Makos Re'uyos le'Hishtalesh'.
What does the Tana
mean by that?
(a) What does our Mishnah say about a case where someone is assessed ...
Answers to questions
(b) What will the Din in a case where he is assessed ...
- ... for 'forty' lashes, and after he has received some of them, it is discovered that he cannot take the full quota?
- ... for eighteen lashes, and after he has received them, they conclude that he is able to take the full quota?
- ... for 'forty' lashes, and before he has received any, it is discovered that he cannot take any Malkos at all?
- ... for eighteen lashes, and before he has received any, they conclude that he is able to take the full quota?
(a) Our Mishnah extrapolates from the Pasuk "be'Mispar ... Arba'im" that
Malkos comprises thirty-nine lashes.
What might the Torah have written had
it meant the sinner to receive forty?
(b) Based on this D'rashah, why does Rava refer to most people as foolish?
(c) What does Rebbi Yehudah learn from the Pasuk in Zecharyah "Mah ha'Makos
ha'Eileh Bein Yadecha, ve'Amar Asher Hukeisi Beis Me'ahavai"?
(d) How do the Rabbanan interpret this Pasuk?
(a) We learned in our Mishnah that if the Chachamim assessed a sinner to
receive a certain amount of lashes and before having receiving any, they
reassessed that he could take more or less than the original assessment, he
will receive the higher assessment. How do we reconcile this with the
Beraisa which sentences him to the lower amount either way?
(b) On what grounds do we reject the explanation that if Beis-Din assessed
him for that day, then we cannot exempt him before he has received at least
some of the Malkos?
(c) What does our Mishnah rule in a case where Beis-Din assessed someone who
committed a double-sin (e.g. he plowed with an ox and a donkey, and at the
same time, he sowed Kil'ayim in a vineyard), and he received some of the
Malkos? When will he receive the outstanding Malkos and when will he not?
(d) How does Rav Sheishes reconcile this with the Beraisa 'Ein Omdin Omed
Echad li'Shenei La'avin'?
(a) Presumably the post to which they tied the sinner's hands, was the width
of a person.
How tall was it?
(b) What does the Sheliach Beis-Din do next? How much of his body had to be
(c) Did the Sheli'ach Beis-Din have to pay if he tore his clothes?
(d) Where did the he stand?
(a) What did the Sheli'ach Beis-Din do with the two calf straps with which
he was about to lash the sinner?
(b) What did he attach to inside the fold of each of the two doubled calf
(c) What size was the handle?
(d) How long and how wide was each of the straps?
(a) How were the thirty-nine lashes divided?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Vehipilo ha'Shofet"?
(c) How much force did the Sheli'ach Beis-Din put into the stroke?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Kedoshim (in connection with a
Shifchah Charufah) "Bikores Tiheyeh"?
(b) Which Parshah did he read?
(c) How did he conclude?
(d) What did he do if he finished reading before the sinner had received all
(a) What happened if the sinner died ...
Answers to questions
(b) What does our Mishnah learn from the Pasuk "ve'Niklah Achicha
- ... in the course of the Malkos?
- ... as a result of the Sheli'ach Beis-Din adding an extra stroke?
(c) What does Rebbi Yehudah say?