REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Makos 14
MAKOS 11-15 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications
for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
(a) We cited Rebbi Yitzchak, who precludes Chayvei K'risus from Malkos from
the fact that the Torah mentions Kares by 'Achoso'. The Rabbanan (Rebbi
Yishmael and Rebbi Akiva) explain Kareis by 'Achoso' like Rebbi Yochanan.
What did Rebbi Yochanan say about someone who transgressed all the eighteen
Arayos in one He'elam (without being aware in the middle that he had
(b) Why do we need the Pasuk by Achoso to teach us this? Why might we have
(c) Rebbi Yitzchak learns this from the Pasuk "ve'El *Ishah* be'Nidas
Tum'asah", 'Lechayev al Kol Ishah ve'Ishah'. We ask why the Rabbanan cannot
learn it from there too.
What do we answer?
(d) So what will they then learn from "Achoso"? To which three Achosos is
the Pasuk referring?
(a) We retract from this however, on the grounds that it is obvious.
(b) So which case *is* the Torah referring to?
(c) We establish this in the case of 'Reshi'a bar Reshi'a'.
What does this
(d) Rebbi Yitzchak learns this from a 'Kal va'Chomer', as Rebbi Akiva taught
in the name of Raban Gamliel and Rebbi Yehoshua.
On what occasion did
Rebbi Akiva ask them this She'eilah?
(a) From where did they derive the 'Kal va'Chomer'?
(b) What 'Pircha' do we ask on it?
(c) Rebbi Yitzchak concedes to this 'Pircha', and he learns the Din of three
Achosos from "Achoso de'Seifa ("Ervas Achoso Gilah").
What do the Rabbanan
learn from there? Why might we have thought otherwise?
(d) What principle do we learn from here?
(a) From where does Rebbi Yitzchak learn the Onesh of 'Achaso she'Hi bas
Aviv u'Bas Imo'?
Answers to questions
(b) The Rabbanan learn from "Achoso" de'Reisha 'Lechalek Kareis li'Mefatem
ve'Sach' (that if someone makes a replica of the anointing oil and anoints
someone with it, he is obligated to bring two Chata'os).
What exactly does
this mean? Why do they need a Pasuk for this?
(c) Rebbi Yitzchak does not need this D'rashah, because he holds like Rebbi
Elazar Amar Rebbi Hoshaya.
What does Rebbi Elazar Amar Rebbi Hoshaya say
about wherever the Torah writes two La'avin and one Kareis?
(d) How will this effect our case of three Achosos?
(e) Alternatively (he does not hold like Rebbi Elazar Amar Rebbi Hoshaya,
but) he learns it from "Ish Asher Yishkav es Ishah Davah", from which the
Rabbanan learn the Din of Rebbi Yochanan in the name of Rebbi Shimon bar
What does he say about a woman becoming Tamei Nidah?
(a) What is the significance of the two Pesukim "es Mishkan Hashem Timei
ve'Nichresah" (Chukas) and "ve'Lo Yetam'u es Machaneihem" (Naso)? What is
the connection between them?
(b) The Pasuk in Tzav "ve'ha'Nefesh Asher Tochal Basar mi'Zevach ha'Shelamim
Asher la'Hashem ve'Tum'aso Alav, ve'Nichresah" is the Onesh for Tamei
she'Achal es ha'Kodesh.
Why can we not learn the Azharah from the Pasuk in
Emor "be'Kodshim Lo Yochal"?
(c) Resh Lakish learns the Azharah from "be'Chol Kodesh Lo Siga".
which 'Gezeirah-Shavah' does Rebbi Yochanan (citing a Beraisa quoted by
Bardela) learn it?
(d) If Resh Lakish does not agree with Rebbi Yochanan, because he did not
receive the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' from his Rebbes, why does Rebbi Yochanan
decline to learn like Resh Lakish? What does he learn from "be'Chol Kodesh
(a) Resh Lakish learns the Azharah for a Zar to eat Terumah from the Pasuk
(that we quoted earlier) "Ish Ish me'Zera Aharon ... be'Kodshim Lo Yochal".
How does he know that this Pasuk is speaking about Terumah and not Kodshim?
Seeing as B'nos Aharon *are* also eligible to eat Chazeh ve'Shok of Kodshim
Kalim, how do we then know that the Pasuk is not referring to Kodshim Kalim?
(c) In that case, why does Rebbi Yochanan require the Pasuk "be'Chol Kodesh
Lo Siga" by Terumah?
(a) In an independent Machlokes, Rebbi Yochanan establishes the Pasuk
"be'Chol Kodesh Lo Siga" by a Tamei who touches Terumah. How does Resh
Lakish explain the Pasuk?
(b) Then on what grounds does he apply the same Pasuk to a Tamei who *eats*
(c) In a third Machlokes, Rebbi Yochanan confines the Din of Malkos by a
Tamei who eats Kodesh to Kodshim after the Zerikah.
From where does he
(d) And from where does Resh Lakish learn that he is Chayav even he eats
them *before* the Zerikah?
(a) Whose opinion is supported by a Beraisa?
Answers to questions
(b) What does the Beraisa prove?