ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Kidushin 82
KIDUSHIN 82 (Grand Siyum of Seder Nashim!) - dedicated by Rabbi Ari and
Esther Maryles in profound gratitude to Hashem on the occasion of the birth
of their triplets, Shimon Simchah, Mordechai Leib, and Bayla Malka Rus. May
they grow up to be proud bearers of their illustrious heritage and aspire to
the greatness of their ancestors, including the Rebbe of Yoruslav
(Jaroslaw), Rebbi Shimon Maryles, and the Rebbe of Litovisk, Rebbi Naftali
(a) The Tana Kama of our Mishnah forbids a bachelor - or a woman to teach in
(b) Rebbi Yehudah forbids a bachelor to shepherd animals - or two bachelors
to sleep together (see Tosfos DH 've'Lo Yir'eh').
(c) The Chachamim - permit in both cases, because 'Yisrael are not suspect
on homosexuality or on bestiality'.
(a) The Tana forbids ...
1. ... a bachelor to teach in Cheder - because of the likelihood that he
will be Misyached with the mothers who come to pick up their children.
(b) Rebbi Elazar adds to the list someone who has no wife. Had he meant
someone who has no wife at all, the difference between him and the Tana Kama
(who has already forbidden a bachelor to teach) would have been - a man who
was once married but whose wife is no longer alive (or if he is divorced),
whom the Tana Kama would preclude from the prohibition but not Rebbi Elazar.
2. ... a woman - because of the likelihood that she will be Misyached with
the fathers who come to pick up their children.
(c) Rebbi Elazar really refers - even to a man who has a wife but who is
currently not living with her (the Tana Kama includes only a man who no wife
at all in the prohibition, whereas Rebbi Elazar includes all three men).
(a) When the Tana of the following Mishnah says 'Kol she'Asakav im
ha'Nashim, Lo Yisyached im ha'Nashim', he means - that someone whose
occupation is mainly for the benefit of women, and whom the women need,
should not be Misyached with women.
(b) The reason for this is - because (in addition to the suspicion that his
familiarity with them might cause the sort of lightheadedness that leads to
immorality) the women will cover up for him should he fall prey to his
(c) Considering what we learned earlier, that a man may not even be
Misyached with two women, this Mishnah is coming to teach us - that he may
not even be Misyached with three or more women (which other men may). See
also Tosfos DH 'Lo Yisyached'.
(d) A person should not teach his son - a trade that serves mainly women
(a) Rebbi Meir advises that one teaches one's son a trade which is 'Nekiyah
ve'Kalah' - clean from theft and cheap to run (alternatively easy to handle,
leaving one with time to learn, and not sapping one's strength).
(b) This is not sufficient however. One also needs to Daven for success in
one's endeavors to earn a Parnasah, to the One to whom wealth and property
belong - because at the end of the day, wealth and poverty lie, not in one
trade or profession, but in one's merits (see also Tosfos DH 'Ela').
(c) Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar proves from wild animals and birds - that one's
sustenance depends on merit, and not on one's profession, for who has seen a
wild animal or bird with a profession, yet Hashem sustains them all without
difficulty (even though they were only created to serve man), so He should
certainly sustain man without difficulty, seeing as we were created to serve
(d) We often encounter great difficulty in our efforts to sustain
ourselves - because, due to our evil deeds, we have forfeited our merits
(and even our Mazel).
(a) Aba Gurion Ish Tzadyan quoting Aba Guria says - that one should not
teach one's son to become a donkey-driver, a camel-driver, a potter, a
sailor, a shepherd or a store-keeper, because they all involve theft
(stealing wood and fruit from their hosts' fields whenever they stopover on
a long journey, breaking their conditions of rental, allowing their animals
to stray into other people's fields or cheating [e.g. overcharging]).
(b) Rebbi Yehudah quoting Aba Guria disagrees. According to him, the
majority of ...
1. ... donkey-drivers - are Resha'im, because they are guilty of theft (as
we just explained).
(c) Rebbi Yehudah says that the best of the ...
2. ... camel-drivers - are righteous, because they travel long distances,
encounter wild animals and robbers, and their fear causes them to become
humble and to direct their hearts towards Hashem.
3. ... sailors - are pious, because they traverse even more dangerous areas
than camel-drivers, and come across even greater dangers, leaving them with
an even deeper humility and faith in Hashem than them.
1. ... doctors - deserves to go to Gehinom (because he sees no reason to
humble himself before Hashem. He is never afraid of illness and he eats
healthy food, and sometimes he even declines to cure a sick man because he
(d) Rebbi Nehora'i would choose for his son - the profession of Torah,
because of the numerous advantages that Torah has over other professions, as
we shall now see.
2. ... butchers - is a partner with Amalek (because sometimes he has a Safek
T'reifah, which he sells to a Jew as if it was Kasher, in order not to lose
money on the sale).
(a) The advantages of the profession of Torah-study over other studies ...
1. ... in the two worlds are - that after eating from the reward of one's
Torah in this world, the principle remains intact for the World to Come.
(b) We learn from the Pasuk ...
2. ... when one is sick, old or in suffering is - that as far as other
professions are concerned, they cannot help him in his hour of need, whereas
his Torah stands him in good stead, and supports him even then, when he is
unable to support himself.
1. ... "ve'Kovei Hashem Yachlifu Ko'ach" - that Torah invigorates a person
in his youth.
(c) We learn this - from Avraham Avinu, who kept the entire Torah even
before it was given (as the Torah indicates in the Pasuk in Toldos "Eikev
Asher Shama Avraham be'Koli, Va'yishmor Mishmarti, Mitzvosai, Chukosai
ve'Sorosai"), and in his old age Hashem blessed him with everything, as the
Torah writes in Chayei Sarah "ve'Avraham Zakein, va'Hashem Beirach es
2. ... "Od Yenuvun be'Seivah" - that it grants him renewed strength when he
(a) The Beraisa says that someone whose occupation is mainly with women -
'Suro Ra', meaning that his conduct is evil and that one is best served by
having nothing to do with him.
(b) The list include goldsmiths (who make women's ornaments), teaselers (who
comb women's clothes), cleaners of hand-mills (used mainly by women),
peddlers, weavers, barbers (whom the women need to cut their children's
hair) and laundry-men. The last three on the list are - blood-letters,
laundry-men and tanners.
(c) The Tana also invalidates them from being crowned king (and perhaps
Kohen Gadol), not because they are Pasul, but - because their occupation
(a) Chazal say ten things about a blood-letter. The fact that he walks with
his nose in the air, that he has an air of arrogance and that he always
leans backwards or sideways when he sits - all stem from his vanity.
(b) The source of his vanity is - the fact that he holds people's lives in
1. 'Eino Tzarah' means - that he is miserly, spending little because he
obtains free meals from all his clients (who have to eat after
blood-letting, as we learned in B'rachos).
(d) The reason that he ...
2. ... 'Eino Ra'ah' means - that he begrudges people their good health,
because sick people means business.
1. ... eats a lot is - because, as we explained earlier, he obtains free
meals from all his clients.
2. ... excretes little - because he eats (what in those days was considered
to be good food), juicy meat and good white-bread, which produce little
(a) When the Tana says that the blood-letter is suspect on adultery, he is
referring to the fact that the women need him, as we explained earlier. When
he adds that they are also suspect on ...
1. ... theft, he means - that they sometimes eat food that the women steal
from their husbands.
(b) bar Kapara's example of a profession that is Nekiyah ve'Kalah is -
2. ... murder, he means - that sometimes, they remove too much blood,
leaving the patient with less than a Revi'is, with which one cannot survive.
(a) Every trade is needed. The Tana of the Beraisa says that someone who
sees his parents working in ...
1. ... a reputable trade - is fortunate.
(b) The Tana refers to 'his parents' here - because Chazal in Erchin, advise
children to learn the trade of their parents (See Rashash).
2. ... a lowly trade - is unfortunate.
(c) The Tana's example of ...
1. ... a reputable trade is - a spicer (because he emits a beautiful aroma).
(d) The Tana also refer to ...
2. ... a lowly trade is - a tanner (because he emits a foul smell).
1. ... someone whose children are sons as fortunate.
2. ... him as unfortunate - if all his children are daughters.
(a) Rebbi Meir learns that, for success in one's endeavors to earn a
Parnasah, one needs to Daven to the One who to whom wealth and property
belong - from the Pasuk in Chagai "Li ha'Kesef ve'Li ha'Zahav, Ne'um
***** Hadran Alach Perek Asarah Yuchsin,
(b) Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar in our Mishnah stated that he never saw an
animal in a profession. Had this been Hashem's will, the sort of work that
might have been apt for ...
1. ... a deer would have been - drying figs in the field (see Rashash).
2. ... a lion would have been - a porter (due to its strength).
3. ... a fox would have been - a storekeeper (due to its wisdom).
u'Selika Lah Maseches Kidushin
On to Bava Kama