REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Kesuvos 60
(a) We learned in the Beraisa that if the baby recognizes its mother, the
father is obligated to pay his wife to feed him. Rav Shimi bar Abaye rules
like Rebbi Yochanan, who gives the age of recognition as fifty days. Rav and
Shmuel too, argue in this matter.
What age do they give respectively, as
the age of recognition?
(b) Rami bar Yechezkel disagrees with the previous (his brother Rav
Yehudah's) version of Shmuel's opinion.
Why is that?
(c) How does *he* cite Shmuel?
(a) In keeping with Rami bar Yechezkel's version of Shmuel, what did Shmuel
instruct Rav Dimi bar Yosef to do, to ascertain whether the baby recognized
his mother or not (to know whether the mother was obligated to feed her baby
(b) What happened? Did the baby in question recognize his mother?
(c) How would a blind baby recognize his mother?
(a) According to Rebbi Eliezer, a baby who feeds from his mother after the
age of twenty-four months is compared to one who feeds from something that
the Torah terms abominable.
What does Rebbi Yehoshua say?
(b) Under which circumstances will Rebbi Yehoshua agree with Rebbi Eliezer?
(a) What does the Tana learn from the Pasuk in Shemini "es ha'Gamal ki
Ma'aleh Geirah *Hu*"?
(b) What would we otherwise learn from the fact that the milk of a
non-Kasher animal is prohibited? What does the Tana mean by 'Adam
(c) How do we reconcile this with what we just learned (that to feed from a
woman after twenty-four months or four or five years is like feeding from a
(a) Why would we have thought that although the Tana precludes the milk of a
woman from the prohibition of the milk of non-Kasher animals, he will not
preclude that of blood?
(b) What (else) do we learn from "Hu" (see Tosfos DH 'Yachol'), or from "es
Zeh Lo Sochlu" at the beginning of the Pasuk?
(c) What is the meaning of 've'Chilufa be'Dam'? What is the difference
between blood on a slice of bread and blood still in one's mouth?
(d) Rav Yosef rules like Rebbi Yehoshua.
How do we reconcile Rebbi
Yehoshua's Shiur of four or five years with another Beraisa, where Rebbi
Yehoshua gives the Shiur as when he carried his package on his shoulders?
(a) Rav Yosef also rules like ...
(b) Considering that doing this would normally be considered a Chilul
Shabbos, why did he permit it?
- ... Rebbi Merinus.
Why does Rebbi Merinus permit a Gonei'ach to feed from an animal on Shabbos? Why would this normally be forbidden?
- ... Nachum from France.
What did Nachum from France permit one to do on Shabbos regarding a pipe that is being blocked by hard weeds?
(a) How long must the baby have stopped feeding after twenty-four months
before Rebbi Yehoshua agrees that it is like feeding from a Sheketz?
Answers to questions
(b) Some quote Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel as the source for this statement.
What do others say?
(c) According to Rebbi Meir in a Beraisa, a woman is forbidden to get
engaged or married within twenty-four months after giving birth.
Rebbi Yehudah say?
(a) Rebbi Yonasan ben Yosef connects the Machlokes between Rebbi Meir and
Rebbi Yehudah to the same Machlokes between Beis Shamai (Rebbi Meir) and
Beis Hillel (Rebbi Yehudah).
What did Raban Shimon ben Gamliel mean when
he said 'Ani Achri'a'?
(b) On what basis did he reduce the Shiurim?
(c) Ula rules like Rebbi Yehudah.
What personal testimony did Mar Ukva
give in the name of Rebbi Chanina?
(a) What did Abaye reply when his Aris (share-cropper) asked him for
permission to get engaged after fifteen months?
(b) Abaye then went to Rav Yosef, who quoted him Rav and Shmuel.
*they* rule in this matter?
(c) What did he then try and do, but unsuccessfully?
(d) If the prohibition of ruling in the place of one's Rebbe is not because
it looks like Apikorsus, then what is the reason? What caused Abaye to say
(a) What does the Beraisa say about a woman who gave her son to a wet-nurse,
or if she weaned him or he died?
(b) What did that old woman tell Rav Papa and Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua
wanted to follow the ruling of this Beraisa with regard to the first case
mentioned in the Beraisa?
(c) Then on what grounds did Rav Nachman himself permit a woman from the
family of the Resh Galusa to do so?
(a) Regarding a woman who, for some reason or other, was separated from her
husband, or whose husband was unable to have relations with her, or one who
was unable to have children, or with regard to getting married after her
husband died, what does ...
(b) Like which Tana did Rav Nachman Amar Shmuel rule?
- ... Rebbi Meir say?
- ... Rebbi Yossi say?
(c) What did Rav Papa and Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua reply when Rav Papi
asked them why they tried to rule like the above Beraisa (permitting a woman
who hired a wet-nurse to marry immediately) in spite of this ruling?
(d) We conclude that if her baby died, the woman is permitted to marry
immediately, but not if she weaned him.
- ... the distinction?
- ... do we not rule like Mar bar Rav Ashi? On what grounds do we decline to take our cue from the story of the woman who actually strangled her baby in order to be able to remarry immediately?
(a) Having taught us that a wet-nurse is forbidden to feed her own baby
during that period, why does the Tana need to add that she is also not
permitted to feed someone else's?
(b) How does Rav Sheishes explain the words of the Tana 'Paskah Kim'ah,
Ocheles Harbeh'? Where does the extra food come from?
(c) She must take care with regard to her diet. Rav Kahana presents the list
of forbidden foods as hops, small fish and earth, Abaye adds pumpkin and
quince, Rav Papa, pumpkin and small dates. Rav Ashi adds a preserve
comprising bread, milk and salt.
Why are all these foods not good for a
(a) Intimacy in a mill results in children who suffer from epilepsy; on the
ground, in children with long necks.
Answers to questions
What sort of children can one expect
if one is intimate after ...
(b) Regularly eating cress, results in children who have watery eyes, small
fish, children with darting eyes.
- ... treading on the blood of a donkey?
- ... regularly eating mustard?
What sort of children can someone who
(c) Eating eggs leads to children with big eyes, fish, to children with a
lot of Chein (who are popular), and wild celery, to beautiful children.
- ... eats clay and who drinks beer expect?
- ... meat and drinks wine expect?
What sort of children can one expect if one eats ...
(d) The daughter of Shavur Malka (king of Persia) was conceived after her
mother had eaten an esrog.
- ... coriander seeds?
- ... an esrog?
What was the result?