POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Kesuvos 76
KESUVOS 75-80 - dedicated by Mrs. Rita Grunberger of Queens, N.Y., in loving
memory of her husband, Reb Yitzchok Yakov ben Eliyahu Grunberger. Mr Irving
Grunberger helped many people quietly in an unassuming manner and is sorely
missed by all who knew him. His Yahrzeit is 10 Sivan.
1) WHO MUST BRING PROOF WHERE THE BLEMISH WAS FOUND
(a) Rejection: That is only 1 Chazakah, and it does not
override 2 Chazakos.
2) WHO MUST BRING A PROOF?
(b) Question: If he proves that the blemish was there before
engagement, the Chazakah that she was born unblemished
does not apply; we are left with the Chazakah that a man
does not drink until he checks; we should say, he
accepted the blemish!
1. Answer: No, a man does not accept blemishes.
(c) Answer #3 (To question 3:f, 75B - Rav Ashi): The first
case, she claims that he owes her father; in the end of
the Mishnah, she claims that he owes her.
i. There is 1 Chazakah on each side - we leave the
money where it is (he does not pay the
(d) Question (Rav Acha Brei d'Rav Ika - Beraisa): R. Meir
admits regarding blemishes which are fit to come with her
from her father's house, that the father must bring
1. She is claiming that he owes her, and still, she
must bring proof!
(e) Answer: The Beraisa speaks of blemishes such as an extra
finger (which certainly were there before engagement).
(f) Question: If so, what proof can she bring?
(g) Answer: She must prove that the husband accepted the
(a) (Rav Yehudah citing Shmuel): Reuven traded his cow for
Shimon's donkey. Shimon pulled the cow to acquire it;
when Reuven went to pull the donkey, he found that it was
dead. Shimon must bring a proof that his donkey was alive
at the time that he pulled the cow (if not, the sale is
void, and he must return the cow).
1. The Mishnah of a Kalah supports this.
(b) Question: To what is he referring?
(c) Answer #1: (The beginning of our Mishnah, a blemish found
in a) Kalah in her father's house.
(d) Rejection: This is not similar! There, the father must
bring a proof to receive money from the husband; Shmuel
says that Shimon must bring proof to keep the cow he is
(e) Answer #2 (R. Aba): (The end of our Mishnah, a) Kalah in
her father-in-law's house.
(f) Rejection: This is not similar! There, the husband must
bring a proof to weaken the Chazakah of the father; in
Shmuel's case, Shimon must bring proof to establish his
(g) Answer #3 (Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak): A Kalah in her
father's house, regarding the engagement money.
1. Not only according to the opinion that engagement
money is returned (if the Chasan dies) - but even
according to the opinion that engagement money is
not returned, that refers to a certain engagement;
here, by a mistaken engagement, if the father cannot
bring a proof, he must return the money.
(h) Question (Beraisa): A needle was found in the fold of an
animal's second stomach. If it protrudes from one side,
the animal is Kosher; from both sides, it is Traif.
1. If blood is found on it, it was there before the
slaughter; if not, it came after the slaughter.
(i) Answer: The case is, the butcher did not yet pay.
(Rather, the owner must bring proof to force the butcher
2. If the wound formed a scab, the needle must have
been there 3 days before the slaughter; if not, the
one who wants to take money must bring a proof.
i. If the butcher already paid for the animal, he
must bring proof to recover his money -
according to Shmuel, the owner should have to
bring a proof to keep his money!
(j) Question: Why should we say the Tana only speaks in such
a case? (This is left difficult.)
(k) (Rami Bar Yechezkeil): Do not heed what my brother (Rav
Yehudah) says in Shmuel's name. Rather, thusly said
Shmuel: The burden of proof is on the one in whose domain
the doubt arose; the Mishnah of Kalah supports this.
(l) Question (Beraisa): A needle was found in the fold of an
animal's second stomach ...
1. If the butcher did not yet pay for the animal, the
owner must bring proof to get paid - according to
Shmuel, the butcher should have to bring a proof to
(m) Answer: The case is, the butcher paid.
(n) Question: Why should we say the Tana only speaks in such
(o) Answer: People do not give their animals before being
(p) (Mishnah): Chachamim say, this only applies to blemishes
in hidden places.