POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Kesuvos 54
1) WHICH DAUGHTERS ARE FED
2) THE WIDOW LIVES IN HIS HOUSE AND IS FED
1. Since a Sheniyah has no Kesuvah, her daughter is not
fed (there are no provisions of the Kesuvah).
(b) Question (Rava): The daughter of his engaged wife - is
she fed (after he dies)?
2. Or, perhaps Chachamim only fined the mother, who
sinned, but not her daughter.
i. The question is unresolved.
1. Since an engaged wife has a Kesuvah, the daughter is
(c) Question (Rav Papa): The daughter of a woman raped by a
man (who paid the fine and married her) - is she fed
after he dies?
2. Or, since she has no Kesuvah until Nisu'in, she is
i. The question is unresolved.
1. According to R. Yosi Bar Yehudah, clearly she is fed
- he says, the raped woman has a Kesuvah of 100.
2. The question is according to Chachamim, who say that
the fine is in place of her Kesuvah.
i. Since she has no Kesuvah, the daughter is not
ii. Or, we say that a regular wife has a Kesuvah,
so it should not be light in her husband's eyes
to divorce her; this does not apply to a
rapist, who cannot divorce her - (but other
provisions of the Kesuvah would apply).
iii. The question is unresolved.
(a) (Mishnah): 'You will sit in my house ...'
3) IS A WIDOW'S CLOTHING COUNTED TOWARDS THE KESUVAH?
(b) (Rav Yosef - Beraisa): In my house - not in my shack (if
the husband did not leave a proper house, just a shack,
she has no privilege to stay in it); she is fed.
(c) (Mar Bar Rav Ashi): In such a case, she is not fed.
1. The law is not as Mar Bar Rav Ashi.
(d) (Rav Nachman citing Shmuel): If they asked to marry her
and she agreed she is not fed.
(e) Question: If she did not agree, she is fed?!
(f) Answer (Rav Anan): I received from Shmuel - if she
refused on account of her deceased husband, she is fed;
because the suitor was not fitting, she is not fed.
(g) (Rav Chisda): If she had extramarital relations, she is
(h) (Rav Yosef): If she colored her eyes and beautified
herself, she is not fed.
1. Rav Chisda, who says she is not fed if she had
extramarital relations, certainly agrees that she is
not fed if she colored her eyes.
(i) The law is unlike all these teachings; rather, it is as
2. Rav Yosef, who said that she is not fed if she
colored her eyes, would say that she is fed if she
had extramarital relations.
i. The reason is, her evil inclination forced her.
1. (Rav Yehudah): If she demanded to be paid her
Kesuvah in Beis Din, she is not fed.
(j) (Mishnah): So wrote people of Yerushalayim ...
2. Question (Beraisa): If she sold her Kesuvah, used it
as collateral or designated that it will be used to
pay a loan, she is not fed.
i. For these, she forfeits being fed - but not for
3. Answer: For these, she forfeits being fed, whether
she did them in Beis Din or not; she only loses food
for demanding payment in Beis Din.
(k) (Rav): The law is as the people of Yehudah.
(l) (Shmuel): The law is as the people of Galil.
1. Bavel and its nearby cities conduct as Rav; Nehardai
and its nearby cities conduct as Shmuel.
(m) A woman from Mechuza was married to a man of Nehardai.
She came to Rav Nachman, who could tell from her voice
that she was from Mechuza (which is near Bavel). He
judged her case as Rav.
(n) Chachamim: But she married a man from Nehardai!
(o) Rav Nachman: If so, her case is judged as Shmuel.
(p) Question: How far do we consider Nehardai (and its nearby
(q) Answer: As far as the Kav (a measure) of Nehardai is
(a) (Rav): We evaluate the clothing a widow is wearing (and
it is considered partial payment of her Kesuvah).
4) WHO PROFITS FROM A CHANGE IN PRICE?
(b) (Shmuel): The clothing she is wearing is not deducted
from her Kesuvah.
(c) (R. Chiya Bar Avin): They hold oppositely regarding a
(d) Rav Nachman: They argue similarly by a hired worker.
1. Rav gave a way to remember his opinion - A widow and
a worker, strip them and send them.
(e) (Rav Nachman): Even though a Mishnah supports Shmuel, the
law is as Rav.
1. (Mishnah): One who makes his property Hekdesh, or
pledges his (fixed) value to Hekdesh, the Gizbar
(treasurer of Hekdesh) does not collect from his
wife's or children's clothing, nor from clothing
dyed for their usage, nor from new sandals bought
(f) Question (Rava): Since the Mishnah supports Shmuel, why
is the law as Rav?
(g) Answer (Rav Nachman): The Mishnah appears to support
Shmuel; when you look deeper, you see that it does not.
1. The Gizbar not collect from her clothing, because
the husband gave it to her to wear in front of him
(i.e. during the marriage).
(h) The daughter-in-law of Bar Elyashiv's house wanted to be
paid her Kesuvah; she was taking the orphans to Beis Din.
2. He did not give it to her to leave with.
(i) Orphans: It is a disgrace to us, that you should appear
this way in Beis Din!
1. She put on all her ornaments and came to Beis Din.
2. Ravina: The law is as Rav, we evaluate what she is
(a) A dying man said that his daughter should receive a
(standard) dowry of clothing; the price went down.
(b) (R. Chiya Bar Avin): The orphans profit.
(c) A man said that 400 Zuz from his wine should go to his
daughter; the price of wine increased.
----- PEREK AF AL PI -----
(d) (Rav Yosef): The profit goes to the orphans.
(e) R. Yochanan's relatives were concerned that their
father's wife was spending too much on food. He counseled
them to ask their father to designate some land towards
(f) After the father dies, they came in front of Reish
1. Reish Lakish: The father gave this land so she
should have extra food!
2. Orphans: R. Yochanan did not say that!
3. Reish Lakish: Give her, or I will withdraw R.
Yochanan's support from you!
4. They came to R. Yochanan.
5. R. Yochanan: What can I do - my colleague argues on
6. (R. Avahu): R. Yochanan explained to me - if he said
'*Towards* her food' - he is giving extra; '*For*
her food' - he is setting a limit.
5) ADDING ON TO THE STANDARD KESUVAH
(a) (Mishnah): Even though Chachamim said that the Kesuvah of
a virgin is 200, and of a non-virgin 100, one may add
10,000 if he wants; if she is widowed or divorced,
whether from engagement or Nisu'in, she collects it all;
(b) R. Elazar Ben Azaryah says, from Nisu'in she collects it
all; from engagement, she collects 100 or 200.
1. He only wrote that he would give more on condition
that they have Nisu'in.
(c) R. Yehudah says, he may write 200 to a virgin, and she
writes that she received 100; he may write 100 to a
non-virgin, and she writes that she received 50;
(d) R. Meir says, anyone that reduced the Kesuvah from
200/100, relations with his wife is as harlotry.
(e) (Gemara) Question: This is obvious - why shouldn't a man
be allowed to add?
(f) Answer: We would think, Chachamim did not want him to do
so, since this will shame one who cannot give so much.
(g) The Mishnah did not say, one who wants to write, rather,
one who wants to add - this supports R. Aibo.
1. (R. Aibo): Conditions of the Kesuvah are as the
Kesuvah. This is relevant to a woman who:
i. Sells or pardons her Kesuvah;
ii. Rebels (refuses to have relations with her
iii. Received partial payment of the Kesuvah;
iv. Demands payment of her Kesuvah;
v. Acts contrary to Torah;