REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Horayos 10
HORAYOS 9-10 - One week of study material has been dedicated by Mrs. Rita
Grunberger of Queens, N.Y., in loving memory of her husband, Reb Yitzchok
Yakov ben Eliyahu Grunberger. Irving Grunberger helped many people quietly
in an unassuming manner and is dearly missed by all who knew him. His
Yahrzeit is 10 Sivan.
(a) Having taught us in the Seifa that the Kohen Gadol brings a Par even if
he sinned after being removed from office, why does our Mishnah find it
necessary to present the Reisha, which repeats this ruling where he sinned
before being removed from office?
(b) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra (in connection
with the Par He'elam Davar of the Kohen Gadol) "Ve'hikriv al Chataso"?
(c) If not for the Pasuk, why might we have thought otherwise, based on the
Din of a Nasi?
(d) And what does the Tana learn from the Pasuk there "Asher Nasi Yecheta"?
What might we otherwise have thought?
(a) The Tana Kama of our Mishnah gives a Kohen Gadol and a Nasi who sin and
are then appointed, the Din of a Hedyot. What is the Din of a Hedyot?
(b) What does Rebbi Shimon say? What is the criterion according to him?
(c) What does Rebbi Shimon say with regard to the Tana's previous ruling,
where the Nasi and the Kohen Gadol sinned after leaving office?
(d) How does our Mishnah define 'Nasi'?
(a) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk there "Im ha'Kohen
ha'Mashi'ach Yecheta" (according to the Tana Kama of our Mishnah)?
(b) We suggest that we would know that anyway, from a 'Kal va'Chomer' from
Which 'Kal va'Chomer?
(c) How do we counter this Kashya? Which case of Nasi is more lenient than
that of Kohen Gadol?
(a) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk there "Asher Nasi Yecheta"?
(b) Using reverse logic (to the previous case), why did we initially think
that we could learn this Halachah from a 'Kal-va'Chomer' from Kohen Gadol?
(c) How do we counter the 'Kal-va'Chomer'? Which case of Kohen Gadol is more
lenient than that of Nasi?
(a) How does the Beraisa initially interpret the Pasuk "Asher Nasi Yecheta"?
(b) What does he therefore learn from "Im ha'Kohen ha'Mashi'ach Yecheta"?
(c) What makes us quote the Pasuk in Metzora "Ve'nasati Nega Tzara'as
be'Veis Eretz Achuzaschem"? What precedent do we learn from there?
(d) This is actually the way Rebbi Yehudah Darshens the latter Pasuk.
does Rebbi Shimon explain it?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Tazri'a "Adam *Ki Yih'yeh* be'Or
Besaro Se'eis ... "?
(b) Why can we not learn this from a Zav, where the Torah also writes "Ki
Yih'yeh Zav mi'Besaro" (with the same implication)? What Chumra does
Tzara'as have over Zav?
(c) This poses a Kashya on Rebbi Shimon ('P'rat le'Nig'ei Onsin'). Rava
answers 'P'rat le'Nig'ei Ruchos'.
What does he mean by that? Whose opinion
does this statement come to explain?
(d) What does Rav Papa say?
(a) How does Rav Avdimi bar Chama explain the Beraisa which Darshens "Asher
Nasi Yecheta", 'P'rat le'Choleh'? Since when does one depose king just
because he is sick?
(b) That is what happened to Uziyah Hamelech.
Who succeeded him?
(c) In what way does this Tana argue with Rebbi Yirmiyah and Rebbi Yossi
Hegelili on the previous Amud?
(d) Why does the Pasuk in Melachim refer to Uziyah's new abode as a Beis
(a) The source for this latter statement is Raban Gamliel.
once when, traveling with Rebbi Yehoshua on a boat, he ran short of bread?
(b) What did Rebbi Yehoshua mean when he ascribed his foresight (in taking
along flour, which does not turn moldy as quickly as bread) to a certain
star? How often does that star appear in the sky?
(c) Why did this elicit Raban Gamliel's surprise?
(a) The previous incident caused Rebbi Yehoshua to mention Rebbi Elazar
Chisma and Rebbi Yochanan ben Gudgoda to Raban Gamliel.
Answers to questions
What was the
extent of ...
(b) How did Raban Gamliel rectify the shortcoming?
- ... their knowledge?
- ... their poverty?
(c) What did he say when they refused to come the first time he called them?
(d) Which Pasuk in Melachim did he quote to prove his point?
(a) How did Raban Yochanan ben Zakai explain the Pasuk "Asher Nasi Yecheta"?
What 'Kal-va'Chomer' did he Darshen vis-a-vis ...
(b) How do we answer Rava bar Rabah's Kashya from the Pesukim in Vayikra
"ve'es Asher Chata min ha'Kodesh Yeshalem and in Melachim "Asher Chata
va'Asher Hechti es ha'Rabim"? Are the acts referred to in these Pesukim
- ... a Hedyot who sinned be Shogeg?
- ... a Nasi who sinned be'Meizid?
(c) Rav Nachman bar Rav Chisda Darshened the Pasuk in Koheles "Yesh Hevel
Asher Na'aseh al ha'Aretz".
What did he mean when he said ...
(d) What objection did Rava raise (with regard to the first statement)?
- ... 'Ashreihem la'Tzadikim she'Magi'a Aleihem ke'Ma'aseh shel Olam ha'Ba, ba'Olam ha'Zeh'?
- ... 'Oy Lahem la'Resha'im she'Magi'a Aleihem ke'Ma'aseh ha'Tzadikim ba'Olam ha'Ba ba'Olam ha'Zeh'?
(a) So how did Rava explain ...
(b) Rav Papa and Rav Huna b'rei de'Rav Yehoshua had both learned the various
Masechtos that Rava mentioned.
- ... 'Ashreihem la'Tzadikim ... '?
- ... 'Oy Lahem la'Resha'im ... '?
What did they reply when he inquired about
(c) What did Rava subsequently exclaim?
(a) How did Rabah bar bar Chanah initially explain the Pasuk in Hoshei'a "Ki
Yesharim Darkei Hashem Tzadikim Yeilchu Bam, Re'sha'im Yikashlu Bam" (in
connection with two people who roasted a Korban Pesach)?
(b) What objection did Resh Lakish raise to ...
(c) What do we mean when we establish the Pasuk by Lot and his daughters?
- ... this explanation?
- ... the second suggestion, that the Pasuk speaks about two people who are in their respective houses with their wife and their sister, where the one had relations with his wife, and the other, inadvertently had relations with his sister?
(d) We answer the query how we know that Lot intended to sin, by citing
What does Rebbi Yochanan say about the Pasuk in Lech-Lecha
"Vayisa Lot es Einav"?
(a) We ask how it is possible to accuse Lot of sinning, when, in a state of
total inebriation, he was A'nus.
And we answer by citing Rebbi Yossi bar
What does Rebbi Yossi bar Rebbi Choni Darshen from the dot on
the 'Vav' of "u've'Kumah"?
(b) Seeing as he only realized what had happened as he got up, what could he
possibly have done?
(c) How does Rabah (or Rava) explain the Pasuk in Mishlei ...
- ... "Ach Niftier mi'Kiryas Oz"?
- ... "u'Medinim ki'Beri'ach Armon"? Which Pasuk in the Torah does this Pasuk tie up with?
- ... "le'Sa'avah Yevakesh Nifrad, be'Chol Tushi'ah Yisgala" (though some quote this in the name Rebbi Yitzchak)?
(a) Tamar had illicit relations, says Ula, and so did Zimri.
What is the
difference between them?
(b) What principle does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak derive from the Pasuk in
Shoftim "Tevorach mi'Nashim Ya'el ... mi'Nashim be'Ohel Tevorach"? Who does
"Nashim be'Ohel" refer to"?
(c) The initial wording of Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak's statement is 'Gedolah
Aveirah li'Shemah *mi'Mitzvah* she'Lo li'Shemah'.
What is wrong with that?
What did Rav Yehudah Amar Rav say that forces us to amend it?
(d) How do we amend it?
(a) Ya'el allowed herself to be raped seven times by Sisra, as the Pasuk in
Shoftim indicates ("Bein Raglehah Kara, Nafal, Shachav ... ").
Answers to questions
she do that?
(b) Why is she praised for that, seeing as, at the end of the day, she
derived pleasure from it?
(c) What good deed did Balak ha'Rasha perform? What motivated him to do it?
(d) What reward did he receive, that elicited the principle 'Le'olam Ya'asok
be'Torah u've'Mitzvos she'Lo li'Shemah ... ' from Rav Yehudah Amar Rav?