REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Chulin 56
CHULIN 56 - The material produced for this Daf has been dedicated in
loving memory of Moshe Simcha ben David Z"L Rubner (Yahrzeit: 23 Adar II)
by his parents, David and Zahava Rubner of Petach Tikva, Israel.
(a) Our Mishnah now discusses the Tereifos of a bird. How do they compare
with those of an animal?
(b) Then why does the Tana find it necessary to list them?
(c) The Tana mentions Nekuvas ha'Veshet on account of Pesukas ha'Gargeres.
Why does he need to mention ...
(d) In the latter case, why must the Tana be speaking in a case where the
weasel bit the bird and not where it clawed it?
- ... 'Pesukas ha'Gargeres'?
- ... 'Hiksah Chuldah al Roshah'? What would we otherwise have thought?
(a) The Tana includes 'Nikav ha'Kurkevan' and 'Nikvu ha'Dakin'.
the 'Kurkevan' and the 'Dakin'?
(b) The Tana needs to include 'Nikvu ha'Dakin' because of the Seifa 'Yatz'u
B'nei Me'ehah ... '. What does the Tana say there? Why is it necessary to
(c) The Tana discusses a bird that fell into the fire (and did not die).
What happened to its innards?
(d) What does the Tana say in a case where the stomach was found to be ...
- ... yellow?
- ... red?
(a) The Tana declares a bird which someone trampled on, which he banged
against a wall or which an animal trampled on, and which is still
convulsing, Safek Tereifah.
Under which category of Tereifus does this
(b) In which case will the bird be Kasher?
(c) What do Rav, Shmuel and Levi say about a bird that has been bitten by a
weasel on its head? How does one examine it for Tereifus?
(d) How will we reconcile this with the opinion that declares an animal
whose brain has been punctured Tereifah, even if only the upper membrane has
(a) Initially, Ze'iri maintained that a weasel's bite cannot be examined.
(b) How did Rav Oshaya explain that, in answer to the Kashya that the
thinness of the holes does not justify Ze'iri's statement?
(c) What did Ze'iri say after arriving in Neherda'a?
(d) He cited the opinion of Resh Lakish who forbade examining the bird using
How does one do this? Why did Resh Lakish forbid it?
(a) What does Rebbi Yochanan say about examining the bird with a nail?
(b) This is in fact, a Machlokes between Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Nechemyah
(see Tosfos DH 've'Rebbi Yochanan').
What did the one who searched ...
(c) How do we ascertain that Rebbi Yehudah is the one who used to examine
with his hand (and Rebbi Nechemyah, using his nail)?
- ... with his hand (from the inside) say to the one who searched using a needle (from the outside)?
- ... using a needle say to the one who searched with his hand?
(d) To reconcile Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar's ruling with the continuation of
the Beraisa, which renders a bird Tereifah if the skull is punctured, even
if the membrane is not (which means that it cannot be examined), how do we
establish this latter ruling?
(a) What is the one distinction that a Beraisa cited by Levi, draws between
the Tereifos of animals and the Tereifos of birds?
(b) Why did he not include a hole in the Meses and the Beis ha'Kosos, which
renders an animal Tereifah, but not a bird?
(c) What did Rav Anan reply, when Rav Nachman asked him how to reconcile Rav
and Shmuel, both of whom are quoted as permitting examining a bird with the
hand, with Levi's Beraisa?
(a) What did Rav Masna rule when Rav Chana sent him a chicken with a hole in
the skull, but with the membrane intact?
Answers to questions
(b) How did he reconcile his ruling with Levi's Beraisa, which declares such
a bird Tereifah?
(c) Rav Shizbi would examine a a bird (that was bitten in the head by a
weasel) by holding the brain up to the sun. What do we mean when we say
(d) Rav Shizbi compares our geese to water fowl.
- ... Rav Yeimar would examine it with water?
- ... Rav Acha bar Ya'akov would examine it with a straw?
Why is that?
(a) What does Rebbi Yochanan citing Rebbi Yossi ben Yehoshua say about the
Shi'ur of yellowness of the innards that renders a bird that fell into the
(b) What objection did Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi initially raise to his son's
She'eilah as to what the Din will be if the lower end of the liver (that
adjoins the intestines) has turned yellow)?
(c) How did Rava uphold the She'eilah, and issue a ruling in the same
(a) What did Rebbi Elazar ha'Kapar b'Rivi rule when Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi
sent him a chicken whose intestines were yellow?
(b) How do we reconcile this with our Mishnah, which declares a bird with
yellow innards (that fell into the fire) Tereifah?
(c) And what did Rebbi Avahu rule when Rebbi Yitzchak bar Yosef sent him a
chicken whose intestines were red?
(d) How do we reconcile this with our Mishnah, which declares a chicken with
red innards, Kasher?
(a) What does Rav Shmuel bar Chiya Amar Rebbi Mani say about the gizzard,
the heart or the liver of a bird that fell into a fire and turned yellow?
We learned in our Mishnah, that a bird that was trampled on or that was
banged against the wall, is Kasher, provided it survives twenty-four hours.
How is it possible for the bird to be declared Kasher after that?
(b) The what caused it to turn yellow in the first place?
(c) What does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak extrapolate from Rebbi Mani's ruling
regarding the same three limbs, that did not immediately turn yellow, but
did, after they were cooked?
(d) On what grounds do we repudiate Rav Ashi who (based on Rav Nachman bar
Yitzchak), forbids eating a bird that fell into the fire, and whose three
limbs did not turn yellow, before cooking them, to see whether or not, they
will turn yellow?
What further condition is required, according to Rebbi Elazar ben Antignos
in the name of Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Yanai?
(a) Our Mishnah, listing the cases that are Kasher by a bird begins 'Nikvah
ha'Gargeres O she'Nisdekah'.
In which case will the bird be Kasher ...
(b) The Tana Kama declares the bird Kasher if its Zefek is punctured.
- ... if it is struck by a weasel on its head?
- ... if its intestines spilled out (and were returned)?
(c) Rebbi is even more lenient.
What does he say?
(d) What does the Tana say about a bird with broken wing-bones, broken legs
or with its plumage removed?
(e) What does Rebbi Yehudah say about one minus the fluff next to its skin?
(a) The Beraisa describes how Rebbi Sima'i and Rebbi Tzadok, on their way to
Lud, spent Shabbos in Ono. What were they going to do in Lud?
(b) The Tana records 'Horu be'Tarpachas ke'Rebbi be'Zefek'.
(c) This might mean that they forbade an animal with its womb removed, but
permitted a bird minus its crop, like Rebbi.
What else might it mean?
(d) What is the outcome of the She'eilah?
(a) What did Rabah (or Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi) say about the roof of the
(b) How does Rav Bibi bar Abaye define 'the roof of the crop'?
(a) Our Mishnah permits a bird whose intestines have come out (and been
returned) as long as they are not punctured.
How does Rebbi Shmuel bar Rav
Yitzchak qualify this? In which case will the bird be Tereifah?
(b) How do we learn this from the Pasuk in Ha'azinu "Hu Ascha
(c) What does Rebbi Meir in a Beraisa, learn from this Pasuk?
(a) What did that Nochri do when he saw a man falling off a roof and his
intestines spill out?
Answers to questions
(b) Why did he do that?
(c) Why did the Nochri not return the intestines himself?
(d) Did he succeed in his mission?