REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Metzia 70
(a) What objection did Rav Nachman raise when Rav Anan quoted Shmuel as
saying that one may lend the money of Yesomim on interest?
(b) What did he predict would happen to the Yesomim if this concession was
(c) How did Rav Nachman ascertain what Shmuel really said?
(d) What did Rav Anan tell him? What did Shmuel do with the cauldron
belonging to Mar Ukva's Yesomim?
(a) What caused Rav Anan to think that this was Ribis?
(b) How did Rav Nachman enlighten him? Why was it not Ribis?
(c) Was this leniency then restricted to Yesomim?
(a) What is Rav Chisda (or Rav Sheishes) quoted as saying with regard
entering into an Iska with the money belonging to Yesomim that is Karov
li'S'char ve'Rachok me'Hefsed? What does Karov 'li'S'char ve'Rachok
(b) On what grounds is this permitted?
(c) How does the Beraisa describe someone who enters into an Iska with a
- ... 'Karov li'S'char ve'Rachok me'Hefsed'?
- ... 'Karov le'Hefsed ve'Rachok mi'Schar'?
- ... 'Karov la'Zeh ve'la'Zeh', or 'Rachok mi'Zeh u'mi'Zeh'?
(a) What is Rabah's objection to Rav Yosef's suggestion, to place the money
of Yesomim in Beis-Din and to feed it to them Zuz by Zuz, as the need
(b) So what does Rabah suggest?
(c) Why does he insist on scraps of gold (as opposed to minted coins)?
(d) What problem do we have with Rabah's suggestion?
(a) Rav Ashi therefore concludes that we find a man who is both reliable,
and whose property is stable.
Answers to questions
Which two other qualifications does he
(b) And why must the appointment take place in front of Beis-Din?
(a) We have already discussed our Mishnah 'Ein Mekablin Tzon Barzel
mi'Yisrael ... ' (cited earlier in the name of a Beraisa).
Why would the
Mishnah 'Ein Moshivin Chenvani le'Mechtzis S'char' that we learned above
obviate the need to learn this Mishnah?
(b) Then why does the Tana find it necessary to do so?
(c) Does the Isur of giving Ribis to and receiving Ribis from, pertain to
- ... a Nochri?
- ... a Ger Toshav? What is a Ger Toshav?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about the obligation vis-a-vis Bechor
regarding the babies that are born to an animal of Tzon Barzel that a Jew is
Mekabel from a Nochri?
(b) What exactly do we mean by when we say that 'they are not subject to the
Dinim of Bechor'?
(c) What would be the Din regarding the mother that a Jew was Mekabel from a
(d) According to this Beraisa, who would appear to be the real owner of Tzon
(a) How does Abaye resolve the apparent discrepancy with our Mishnah (which
considers the Mekabel to be the real owner)?
(b) What problem do we have with Abaye's answer?
(c) How does Rava therefore resolve the discrepancy? If the Mekabel from a
Nochri did accept Unsa ve'Zula, why is the mother and its offspring Patur
from the Bechorah?
(d) What makes the Nochri a part owner in this case?
(a) The Pasuk in Mishlei, with reference to someone who enriches himself
through Ribis, writes "le'Chonen Dalim Yikbetzenu".
(b) Rav Nachman quoting Rav Huna, does not interpret the Pasuk in Mishlei
with regard to one Jew who lends to another.
- ... is the "Chonen Dalim"?
- ... are the "Dalim"?
How then, does he interpret
(c) What did Rava ask Rav Nachman from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "la'Nochri
(d) Why does he decline to learn the Pasuk literally (with regard to giving
the Nochri interest)?
(a) What did Rav Nachman reply? How did he interpret the Pasuk literally?
(b) Why indeed *does* the Torah insert such a strange La'av?
(c) Why do we need the additional inference, seeing as the Torah has already
written "u'le'Achicha Lo Sashich"?
(a) Our Mishnah explicitly permits lending to and borrowing from a Nochri on
Answers to questions
To reconcile Rav Huna with our Mishnah, how does ...
(b) Why did the Rabbanan issue a prohibition to take Ribis from a Nochri ...
- ... Rav Chiya B'rei de'Rav Huna establish our Mishnah?
- ... Ravina establish it? To whom does the Tana's concession apply?
(c) Did the Rabbanan also place a prohibition on borrowing from a Nochri on
- ... according to Rav Chiya B'rei de'Rav Huna?
- ... according to Ravina?