REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Metzia 38
(a) The Tana Kama of our Mishnah forbids a Shomer of fruit (crops to sell it
even if it is deteriorating.
What does the Tana mean by 'deteriorating'?
(b) What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say?
(c) Rav Kahana attributes the Tana Kama's ruling to the fact that a person
prefers one measure of his own produce to nine measures of someone else's.
Why is that?
(d) To what does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak ascribe the Tana Kama's ruling?
(a) The Tana of the Beraisa permits the owner of the deposited crops to
declare them T'rumah and Ma'aser on other crops of his, seemingly reversing
the cause and effect of Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak.
How does the latter
reconcile his order with that of the Beraisa?
(b) How does Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan qualify our Mishnah.
In which case will the Tana Kama concede that the Shomer may sell the crops?
(c) Does Rebbi Yochanan argue with ...
(d) How can we say that, considering that Rav Kahana referred to one measure
of one's own against nine measures of someone else, which is way above the
- ... Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak?
- ... Rav Kahana?
(a) The Beraisa that we just quoted permits the owner of the deposited crops
to declare them T'rumah and Ma'aser on other crops of his. Why are we not
afraid that the crops deteriorated Yoser mi'Ch'dei Chesronan, and that the
Shomer therefore sold it?
(b) If the crops did reach Yoser mi'Ch'dei Chesronan, the Shomer is
permitted to sell them.
Why are we not afraid that the owner declared them
T'rumah and Ma'aser on other crops of his?
(c) In that case, why does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak not also permit the
Shomer to sell them to a Kohen cheaply?
(d) And what does Rabah bar bar Chanah (as well as Rav Kahana) say?
(a) Rebbi Meir in a Beraisa, forbids the Shomer to sell fruit, wine, oil or
honey that has gone bad.
What do the Chachamim say?
(b) What restriction do the Chachamim impose on the sale?
(c) They impose a similar restriction on a Gabai Tzedakah.
What is it?
(d) To whom else does this restriction extend? What is the reason for it?
(a) How will Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan, who unanimously
permits the sale of fruit that has reached the stage of 'Yoser mi'Ch'dei
Chesronan', reconcile this with the Beraisa, where the Pikadon has also
reached that stage, yet Rebbi Meir forbids their sale?
Answers to questions
(b) Raban Shimon ben Gamliel permits the sale of the four above-mentioned
commodities that have gone bad.
What can one do with ...
(c) What is the point of the sale according to the Chachamim? What are they
referring to when they say 'Oseh Lahem Takanah'?
- ... bad oil?
- ... bad honey?
(d) What does Rebbi Meir say to that? What is the basis of their Machlokes?
(a) Rebbi Aba bar Ya'akov Amar Rebbi Yochanan rules like Raban Shimon ben
Gamliel in our Mishnah ('Yimkerem be'Beis-Din').
What does Rava Amar Rav
(b) How do we reconcile the above ruling of Rebbi Yochanan with that of
Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan, who rules like Raban Shimon ben
Gamliel whenever he appears in a Mishnah (rendering Rebbi Aba bar Ya'akov's
(c) Are there any exceptions to Rabah bar bar Chanah's principle?
(a) How do we try and connect the Machlokes between Raban Shimon ben Gamliel
and the Rabbanan with the She'eilah of whether 'Moridin Karov le'Nechsei
Shavuy' or not?
(b) We reject this explanation however.
How might ...
(c) What do we try (unsuccessfully) to prove from the fact that Shmuel rules
both like Raban Shimon ben Gamliel, and also 'Moridin Karov le'Nechsei
- ... Raban Shimon ben Gamliel hold 'Ein Moridin ... ', even though in our cMishnah he permits the Shomer to sell the Pikadon?
- ... the Rabbanan hold 'Moridim Shavuy ... ' even though in our Mishnahc they permit the sale?
(d) How do we prove from two rulings of Rav Nachman that the two are
(a) Rav holds 'Ein Moridin Karov le'Nechsei Shavuy'.
How do we define
(b) What does Shmuel say?
(c) In which case will Rav concede 'Moridin'?
(d) Rav is concerned that the Karov will spoil the field (in trying to
procure short-term gains, without taking care to preserve the property).
How does Shmuel counter that?
(a) The Pasuk in Mishpatim writes "ve'Charah Api ve'Haragti Eschem".
does Rebbi Eliezer explain the continuation "ve'Hayu Nesheichem Almanos
u'Veneichem Yesomim" (which appears to be redundant)?
(b) How does Rava reconcile Shmuel's opinion ('Moridin Karov ... ') with the
(c) When a Karov wanted to go down to his captured relative's property in
Neherda'a, Rav Sheishes stopped him due to the Beraisa of Rebbi Eliezer.
What did Rav Amram say to him?
(d) On what grounds did Rav Sheishes reject Rav Amram's explanation?
(e) What did Rav Sheishes mean when he suggested that he was from Pumbedisa?
What did they used to do in Pumbedisa (in a metaphoric sense)?
(a) What does the Tana of the Beraisa say about 'ha'Yored le'Nechsei Shavuy
(or Shevuyin)'? What does he mean by 'Nechsei Shavuy' (or Shevuyin')?
(b) What additional concession does he permit?
(c) The Tana Kama holds 'ha'Yored le'Nechsei Netushin, Motzi'in Oso
What is 'Nechsei Netushin'?
(d) What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel hold by Nechsei Netushin? What do we
prove from here?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about Nechsei Retushin? What is 'Nechsei
Answers to questions
(b) How does the Pasuk ...
- ... in Mishpatim "ve'ha'Shevi'is Tishmetenah u'Netashtah" help us to define 'Nechsei Netushin'?
- ... in Hoshe'a "Eim al Banim Rutshah" help us to define 'Retushin'?