Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
1) Chazal have remarked that one can tell from the text of a person's Berachos (at the time when their was no fixed written text) whether he is a Talmid-Chacham or not.
(a) What example does the Gemara give for that, from the wording of the Mevarech in Mezuman?What do we learn from ...
(b) ... the Pasuk in Shmuel "u'mi'Birchascha Yevorach Beis Avdecha Le'olam"?The Halachah is not like the Neherbelai in this matter.
(e) What do the Neherbelai say?2)
(a) What is wrong with saying 'Nevarech le'Mi she'Achalnu Mishelo'?3)
(a) How does Rebbi Akiva explain the Pasuk "be'Makheilos Borchu Elokim, Hashem mi'Mekor Yisrael"?Sitting in the home of the Chief Rabbi, Rebbi Chama got up to look for a hundred people to participate in the Mezuman.
(c) Why did he do that, and what did they tell him?When the Amora'im used to eat in the Chief Rabbi's house, they would Bensch in groups of three.
(d) Why did they do that?4)
(a) If one of a group of three Bensched without waiting for the other two, what happens to the Mezuman?5) How many participants would there need to be, for a group to split up ...
(a) ... when there are less than ten?6) Our Mishnah appears superfluous, since the Tana has already taught us at the beginning of the Perek that three people who ate together are obligated to Bensch Mezuman.
(a) Which three answers does the Gemara give to resolve this difficulty?Regarding the last answer, Rava explains that *that* speaks only in a case when those who left their respective groups did not yet Bensch Mezuman; because if they did, they can no longer combine.
(b) What is the case?
(a) According to Rebbi Eliezer, what Berachah does one recite over undiluted wine?Shmuel holds 'Oseh Adam Kol Tzerachav be'Pas'.
(d) What is the connection between Shmuel and the Machlokes between Rebbi Eliezer and the Rabbanan?8)
(a) When do the Rabbanan agree with Rebbi Eliezer: that one does not recite a Berachah before the wine has been diluted?One may not place raw meat on bread, nor may one pass a cup of wine over it.
(c) Why is the latter forbidden?9)
(a) What is the difference between the prohibition of throwing bread and of throwing other hard foods, such as pomegranates and nuts?It is permitted to draw wine from pipes in honor of a Chasan and Kalah and to throw roasted grains of wheat in front of them.
(b) Is this permitted even if they will get spoilt or go to waste?10) There are three Beraisos regarding someone who has put food in his mouth without reciting a Berachah:
1. He swallows it;
(a) How does the Gemara reconcile all three Beraisos?