REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafBerachos 35
(a) Which is the only fruit of a tree over which one does not recite 'Borei
Pri ha'Eitz, and which Berachah *does* one recite over it?
(b) Which is the only fruit of the ground over which one does not recite
'Borei Pri ha'Adamah', and which Berachah *does* one recite over it?
(c) What is the reason for the two above exceptions?
(d) Which Berachah does Rebbi Yehudah require over greens, and what is his
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim "va'Tomer Lahem ha'Gefen,
'he'Chadalti es Tiroshi ha'Mesamei'ach Elokim ve'Adam'"?
(b) Which Shirah are we talking about here?
(a) Based on the above Derashah, which two Derashos do we make from the
Pasuk in Vayikra: "Kodesh *Hilulim* la'Hashem"?
(b) What bearing will the above Derashah have on the question of 'Neta
Revai' or 'Kerem Revai'?
(c) Do we have another alternative source for 'Kerem Revai'?
(d) Assuming that we do, or according to those who hold 'Neta Revai', which
second Derashah does the Gemara want to learn from "Hilulim"?
(a) From where does the Gemara want to learn the obligation to recite a
Berachah before eating?
The Gemara refutes the above Derashah from Kerem on the grounds that a
Kerem is Chayav 'Olelos', and from Kamah (the kinds of grain - whose source
is "ve'Achalta ve'Sava'ata") on the grounds that it is Chayav Chalah.
(b) On what grounds does the Gemara reject the idea of learning from a 'Mah
ha'Tzad' from both Kerem and Kamah?
The Mah ha'Tzad would anyway include olives, which also go on the
Mizbei'ach (in the form of oil).
(c) Why are olives not included in 'Kerem', which is specifically mentioned
in the Pasuk?
(d) Why can we not learn the obligation to recite a Berachah from the seven
species, which are all written in the Parshah of "ve'Achalta, ve'Seva'ata
(a) What problem does the Gemara have with Hilulim - according to those who
hold Neta Revai?
(b) What is the ultimate source for both a Berachah Rishonah and a
(c)Why is someone who eats without a Berachah considered as if he had been
Mo'eil in Hekdesh?
(a) What does the Beraisa mean when it says that his Takanah is to go to a
Chacham and learn the Berachos?
Answers to questions
(b) How do we reconcile the two Pesukim (both from Tehilim) "la'Hashem
ha'Aretz u'Melo'ah" and "ve'ha'Aretz Nasan li'V'nei Adam"?
(c) To what do Chazal compare someone who eats without reciting a Berachah,
and why do they draw an analogy between him and Yerav'am ben Nevat?
(a) How do we reconcile the Pasuk in Hoshei'a: "ve'Lakachti *Degani*
be'Ito", with the Pasuk in Devarim "ve'Asafta *Deganecha*"?
The Gemara strikes two contrasts between the earlier generations and the
latter ones, one regarding their approach towards blending Torah with work,
the other regarding their keenness towards fulfilling the Mitzvah of giving
Terumos and Ma'asros.
(b) What did Rebbi Yishmael mean when he said 'Hanheg Bahen Minhag Derech
Eretz', and how does this tie up with the two Pesukim "Lo Yamush Seifer
ha'Torah ha'Zeh mi'Picha" (Yehoshua)?
(c) What does Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai say about this?
(d) What comment did Abaye make regarding the two opinions?
(e) What advice did Rava offer his disciples in this regard?
(a) What are they?
Olives too, have changed for the better, just like wine.
(b) What Berachah might Chazal have instituted to make over olive oil?
(c) What is called Mazon, what is included in the Neder 'Kol ha'Zan Alai',
and what advantage does wine have over oil in this regard?
(d) If wine satisfies, how could Rava drink wine throughout Erev Pesach in
order to develop an appetite?
(e) How does Rava explain the Pasuk in Tehilim "ve'Yayin Yesamach Levav
Enosh, ve'Lechem Levav Enosh Yis'ad", which seems to imply that wine does
(a) Then why does one not Bensch over wine?
The Gemara objects to Shmuel, who rules that one needs to recite 'ha'Eitz'
over oil, on the grounds that olive oil is harmful.
(b) If someone fixes a meal over wine, will he have to Bensch?
(a) From where does the Gemara know that this so?
Why can we not answer that it speaks when he drinks the oil ...
(b) ... together with bread?
(c) ... together with 'Anigron'?
(d) Then in which case *is* Shmuel speaking, and what is the Chidush?