Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
1) The Tefilah of someone who needs to relieve himself and Davens is an abomination.
(a) When is that?2) Someone who enters a 'bathroom' (in the field) must remove his Tefilin at a distance of four Amos.
(a) When does this speak?3) According to Beis Shamai, one leaves one's Tefilin on the window-sill of a *used* 'bathroom', facing the street.
(a) Why not on the inside?Rebbi Akiva says that one holds them in one's clothes.
(c) What is the problem with that, and what does he really mean?4) According to the latter Beraisa, they instituted that one should enter the 'bathroom' holding them in one's hand.
(a) What does Rav Meyashe the grandson of Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi comment on this?This applies only when there is still time to put the Tefilin back on afterwards.
(c) What does he do if there will not be time?5)
(a) What is the proof from little earthenware jars, that even less than a Tefach is considered an Ohel?Rebbi Yochanan and Rav Nachman would give their Seifer de'Agadta to their disciples before entering the bathroom.
(b) Why did they not do likewise with their Tefilin?
6) Why is holding Tefilin in one's hand whilst ine is sleeping prohibited?
(a) Why is one not permitted to hold a Seifer-Torah or Tefilin whilst Davening the Amidah?It is also forbidden to hold a knife, money, a dish with food, or a loaf of bread during Davening?
(b) Why is that?The Beraisa also forbids one to urinate whilst holding Tefilin.
(c) Why did Rava think that this is not the Halachah?The Gemara disproves Rava with a Beraisa, which states 'Devarim she'Hitarti Lecha Kahn, Asarti Lecha Kahn'.
(d) What does this mean?8) The Gemara suggests that maybe the Beraisa in the previous question is referring to the revealing of two Tefachim.
(a) What will the Beraisa then mean?The Gemara then suggests that both are referring to the need to relieve oneself, but one speaks about men and the other about women.
(c) What will the Beraisa then mean?9)
(a) Now that we learn the Beraisa according to Beis Hillel, who permit holding one's Tefilin in a Beis-ha'Kisei Kavu'a, but not in a Beis ha'Kisei Arai, what do we do with the 'Kal va'Chomer she'Ein Alav Teshuvah'?Rav Yitzchok says that before going to eat a Se'udas Keva, one should remove one's Tefilin.
(c) What does Rebbi Chiya hold, and why?10) One Beraisa permits the wrapping of one's money together one's Tefilin in a bag (though in two separate knots); another Beraisa forbids it.
(a) How do we reconcile the two Beraisos?11) When one goes to sleep, it is forbidden to place one's Tefilin by one's feet, because it is disrespectful.
(a) What does Shmuel say about placing them next to one's head?12) Rava says, that in spite of the above disproof, the Halachah is like Shmuel.
(a) Why? Where should he put them?