ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafBerachos 44
(a) It is unusual to serve something very salty as the main dish, with
bread served only in a secondary capacity. Therefore, the Gemara concludes,
our Mishnah must be speaking when he first ate fruit of Ginusar, which, as
we shall see in the Gemara, is so salty that it requires an exceptionally
salty dish to counter its sweetness. And it is together with *that* salty
dish, that they brought bread.
(b) When there were a hundred Talmidim following Rebbi Yochanan, Rabba bar
bar Chanah was saying, they would serve each one *ten* fruits of Ginusar
(and when there were ten, they would serve each one a hundred).
(c) The fruit of Ginusar affected everyone who partook of it in some way or
another: the one swore that he had not eaten anything substantial (even
after having partaken no less than a hundred fruits; the other left him
with such a smooth forehead, that even a fly would slip off; all the hair
of a third one fell out, and a fourth, went out of his mind.
(d) If they required forty Sa'ah of young birds to feed the fig-pickers,
imagine how many pickers (and how many figs) there must have been in that
harvest (particularly since figs do not all ripen at the same time, so that
we are speaking of only a fraction of the entire harvest of figs that was
(a) They found eighty pairs of brothers who were Kohanim in Gufnis, aho
were married to pairs of sisters who were Benos Kohen. In the whole os
Bavel, they managed to find only one pair of sisters who were Kohanos
married to two brothers - who were Talmidei Chachamim (Rami bar Chama and
Mar Ukva bar Chama), but not Kohanim.
(b) A meal without salt or a dish which contains gravy is not a meal, says
(a) Rabban Gamliel maintains that one needs to Bensch after any one of the
(b) According to the Chachamim, one recites 'Al ha'Eitz' over the five
fruits contained in the seven species.
(c) Whereas according to Rebbi Akiva, even if one's main meal consists of
vegetables, one is obligated to Bensch.
(d) According to Rebbi Tarfon, the Berachah Rishonah for water (when it is
drunk to quench one's thirst) is 'Borei Nefashos' - this is because water
does not sustain, like other foods do, it only cools down the bodies' heat
- (Tif'eres Yisrael).
Incidentally, according to Rebbi Tarfon, no Berachah Acharonah is required
after drinking water.
(a) Rabban Gamliel maintains that the Pasuk (in Devarim) "ve'Achalta
ve'Sa'va'ata u'Veirachta" pertains to all the seven kinds mentioned in the
(b) The Rabbanan argue that the Torah (after having already written "Eretz
Chitah u'Se'orah"), again writes inserts the word "Eretz", to break between
the former six and bread, which is written after the last "Eretz" (to say
that "u'Veirachta" is restricted to bread.
(c) Rabban Gamliel answers that the Torah adds the word Eretz to
differentiate between the "Chitah" mentioned before and the "Lechem" that
is mentioned afterwards - to say that someone who chews wheat does not need
(a) One recites 'Mezonos' before, and 'Al ha'Michyah' after any food that
is prepared from one of the five kinds of grain (wheat and spelt [which is
a type of wheat], barley, and rye or oats [both of which are a type of
(b) It is not logical for Rav Chisda, who lived in Bavel, to have recited
'Al ha'Aretz ve'Al Peiroseha'(*'its* fruits' refers to the fruits of Eretz
Yisrael), or for Rebbi Yochanan, who lived in Eretz Yisrael, 'al ha'Aretz
ve'Al ha'Peiros', which is more appropriate for Bavel).
(c) The Gemara therefore, switches the opinions.
(a) Rav Papa rules that one recites a Berachah Acharonah over all foods,
even over vegetables and water.
(b) Whenever Rav Ashi would remember (evidently, the Halachah was not yet
clarified in his days), he would do like Rav Papa, and recite a Berachah
Acharonah over everything.
(a) According to the Amora'im cited above, it is vegetables or water that
require a Berachah before eating, but not afterwards.
(b) According to Rav Papa, it is Mitzvos.
(c) The Benei Eretz Yisrael would recite the Berachah - 'Lishmor Chukav',
after removing their Tefilin.
(d) So according to them, it is 'Besamim', which require a Berachah before
but not afterwards. (Tosfos d.h. 've'Livnei' does not know why the Gemara
does not establish the Beraisa by *other* Mitzvos, such as Tzitzis, Lulav
and Succah, where the Benei Eretz Yisrael agree that no Berachah is
required after their performance.)
(a) The healthiest food the size of an egg is an egg.
(b) A slightly boiled egg (that is still runny), Ravin informs us, is
better than six Lug (a Lug equals six egg-volumes) of flour.
(c) Rav Dimi points out that an egg that has been roasted until it is hard
is healthy still than a slightly boiled one.
It must be stressed that although many of the Gemara's cures are probably
effective, we do not on principle, accept them nowadays, either because we
do not always fully understand what the Gemara means, or because the nature
of people has changed, which means that the medications may have changed,
(a) The only vegetable that is sufficiently satisfying to make a meal,
according to the Gemara, is a cabbage.
(b) One chews the spleen of an animal, because it is good for the teeth;
but one should then spit it out, and not swallow it, because it is bad for
(c) Leek, on the other hand, is good for the stomach, but bad for the
teeth. Consequently, one should boil it well, and swallow it without
(a) Eating food that has only partially grown hampers one's growth.
(b) The above only applies when the food has grown to less than twenty-five
percent of its ultimate size.
(c) Ameimar and Rav Ashi were puzzled at Mar Zutra's refusal to eat raw
vegetables before the end of the fourth hour. If he followed the opinion of
Rav Yitzchak, who says that one should refrain from speaking with someone
who has eaten vegetables within four hours, then why had he just been
speaking with them - *after* they had eaten raw vegetables within four
hours of daybreak?
(d) Mar Zutra explained that he followed the other statement of Rav
Yitzchak, which forbids someone to *eat* raw vegetables within four hours
of daybreak, but not to *speak* with someone who has done so.
(a) Even a tiny fish (provided it has fully grown) which lives among the
reeds is healthy ('revives the soul'), since it too, has a soul.
(b) The neck of the animal is healthy, says the Gemara, since it is near
the heart and the stomach (the Gemara describes this as 'Karov le'Nefesh'.)
(c) Cabbage, besides being healthy, also sustains.
(d) Honey (which the Gra omits) and the stomach (called 'Keivah') are also
(a) Rava maintains that turnip is healthy when one does not drink wine
(b) Shmuel and Rav papa hold that turnip is healthy when it is well cooked
with many large logs of wood.
(c) 'Sudni' means 'manufacturer of date-beer', which was Rav Papa's
profession, which explains why Rava called him by that name. (According to
the marginal notes, the word 'Sudni' is the acronym of 'Sod Hashem
li'Yerei'av', which simply means that Rav Papa was a G-d-fearing man, who
was on the level of receiving the secrets of Hashem.
(a) The salt will have no harmful effects, if the fish is well-cooked.
Hadran Alach, 'Keitzad Mevorchin'!
(b) Even if the fish is eaten when it has not been well-cooked, beer is
still a good antidote for it?
(c) No Berachah is required for water that is drunk to remove a bone.