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1) [line 1] KASHIN - hard fabric (upon which to sit)
3) [line 3] ARDELIN - felt shoes with heels
*7*) [line 10] U'MUTAR L'TALTELO - that is, a Sandal ha'Mesumar is like a Kli she'Melachto l'Isur, and it may be moved in order to use it (aside from wearing it) or in order to make room for another object (l'Tzorech Gufo u'Mekomo). The Chachamim did not prohibit moving it any more than other Kelim she'Melachtam l'Isur.
8) [line 15] D'NAKIT B'SICHEI - [the parts of the shoe] are held together with wooden pegs; alt., they are held together with two stitches each in the front, the sides, and the back
9) [line 17] BEITZAS HA'GIR - a lump of inkstone, or sulfate of iron (sory - a black earth impregnated with vitriol)
10) [line 18] L'TZACTZECHO - to smooth it
12) [line 37] HA D'MINTERA, HA D'LO MINTERA - that is, the house that is next to the walls (or the Beis ha'Midrash) is safe or not safe
13) [line 39] MECHASAN B'AR'A - lying on the ground
(a) Although the Torah prohibits cooking and doing Melachah on Yom Tov *for a weekday*, when Yom Tov falls on Erev Shabbos, it is permitted mid'Oraisa to cook and to perform Melachos on Yom Tov *for Shabbos* (Pesachim 46b). The Rabanan, however, prohibited these Melachos unless an Eruv Tavshilin is made on Erev Yom Tov.
(b) The Amora'im argue as to the reason why the Rabanan prohibited doing Melachos for Shabbos without an Eruv Tavshilin (Beitzah 16b). Some hold that it is to honor the Shabbos, by serving as a reminder that one should save food for the Shabbos meals. Others feel that it is meant to honor the Yom Tov, so that one should say, "It is prohibited to cook on Yom Tov even for Shabbos (without an Eruv Tavshilin), all the more so on Yom Tov for a weekday."
(c) An Eruv Tavshilin is made as follows: a k'Zayis of cooked food (Beitzah ibid.) is set aside on Erev Yom Tov to be eaten on Shabbos. When setting it aside, one says, "Through this Eruv we shall be able to bake, cook and do other necessary preparations on Yom Tov for Shabbos," after reciting the appropriate blessing.
16) [line 4] V'SOMECH ALAV L'SHABBOS - and he relies on it [as an Eruv Tavshilin to cook] for Shabbos
17) [line 11] ME'ACHAR SHE'BA L'HASHKICHO - since a person is likely to forget Shabbos [when he busily prepares for Yom Tov, and he will not have appropriate food for Shabbos]
18a) [line 21] PATISIN - large wine jars
21) [line 26] "[VA'YOMER LAHEM] LECHU ICHLU MASHMANIM U'SHESU MAMTAKIM V'SHILCHU MANOS L'EIN NACHON LO, KI KADOSH HA'YOM LA'ADON-NU; V'AL TE'ATZEVU KI CHEDVAS HASH-M HI MA'UZCHEM." - "[He (Ezra) said to them,] 'Go eat rich foods and drink sweet beverages, and send potions to those who have nothing prepared, for today is sacred to our L-rd. Do not be sad; the enjoyment of HaSh-m is your strength!'" (Nechemya 8:10)
22) [line 38] LEVU ALAI - borrow on my account
24) [line 40] IY NAMI IDRA KI'SHEMEI - (a) alternatively, the tree is called an Eder/Idra because of the name given to it by people (RASHI); (b) According to the Girsa, *IKA D'AMREI* IDRA KI'SHEMEI - there are those who say it is referring to [the planting of] a species of cedar, probably Spanish Juniper (and not to giving Tzedakah) (RABBEINU CHANANEL)
25) [line 41] D'KAIMA L'DAREI DAREI - it lasts for many generations