REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Basra 131
BAVA BASRA 131 - sponsored by Mr. and Mrs. Avi Berger of Queens, NY.
Despite the passage of time, let us not forget the tragic deaths of
Mordechai Refael and Tzirel Schivschuurder and their three youngest
children, Hashem Yikom Damam, in the Sbarro bombing last year. May the
father of all orphans give strength to the remaining children to continue in
their parents ways. Mazel Tov to the two sons who have since found spouses.
May Hashem protect them from all harm as well as the third brother, who
insisted on joining an active combat unit in the army, and the younger
(a) Rava asked whether Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah is confined to a
Shechiv-Mera, or whether it also extends to a Bari.
Why should there be a
(b) What is 'Kesuvas B'nin Dichrin'?
(c) What does the Mishnah in Kesuvos say about a case where Kesuvas B'nin
Dichrin was omitted from the Kesuvah? Will the wife's sons then not receive
(d) How did Rebbi Nasan extrapolate from that Mishnah that Rebbi learned his
Mishnah like Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah?
(a) Rebbi answered 'Yasvun' T'nan'.
How have we now resolved Rava's She'eilah (whether Rebbi Yochanan ben
Berokah incorporates a Bari, too) or not?
How did that answer the Kashya?
(b) He retracted however, on the basis of a ruling that the sons are not
permitted to claim 'K'suvas B'nin Dichrin from Meshubadin'.
How did he
express his retraction?
(c) Why would that ruling render his amendment problematic?
(d) So what is now the problem?
(a) Rav Papa pointed out to Abaye that irrespective of the wording, there is
another problem with the entire institution of Kesuvas B'nin Dichrin.
(b) Why can we not circumvent it by establishing the Mishnah like Rebbi
Meir, who holds 'Adam Makneh Davar she'Lo Ba le'Olam'?
(c) How does Rav Papa now answer both Kashyos with one swoop?
(a) How did Abaye initially attempt to justify Rebbi's ...
Answers to questions
(b) He changed his mind however, by quoting the Seifa of the Mishnah.
Which Takanah is the Tana referring to when he writes there 'Lo Kasav Lah
B'nan Nukvan di'Yehavyan Lichi Mina'i Yehavyan Yasvan be'Veisi ad
- ... reply to Rebbi Nasan?
- ... retraction?
(c) What can we now learn from there that obviates the need to answer Rebbi
Nasan at all?
(d) But did we not conclude earlier that when the Yerushah and the Matanah
involve two people they require 'Toch K'dei Dibur'?
(a) Rav Nechumi (or Rav Chananyah bar Minyumi) queried Abaye on his previous
assumption that the two cases in the Mishnah in Kesuvos constitute 'Toch
What did he ask him?
(b) From where did Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah in the Mishnah in Kesuvos, learn
that a daughter's rights to Mezonos only take effect after her father's
(c) What did Abaye try to prove from there?
(d) How do we reject Abaye's proof?
(a) So what have we now achieved?
(b) Does this affect our proof that Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah's ruling
extends to a Bari?
(a) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel say about a case where someone writes
all his property to his wife?
(b) Are we speaking about a Bari or a Shechiv-Mera?
(c) What prompted Chazal to initiate this Takanah?
(d) On what grounds will we nevertheless later classify this as one of the
three Halachos without a logical reason?
(a) Why is this Halachah cited here?
(b) It is obvious that Shmuel's Takanah extends to one's oldest son, though
we are not sure whether it also extends to a younger son.
What is the
reason for the possible distinction between the two?
(c) We resolve the She'eilah by citing Rav Chanila'i bar Idi Amar Shmuel.
What does he say?
(a) What do we mean by 'Peshita B'no ve'Acher, Acher be'Matanah, u'Beno
(b) On what grounds do we initially refute the suggestion that it speaks in
one case, where a man writes half his property to his son and half to
(c) How could we resolve this problem?
(d) Yet we insist on rejecting that explanation.
(a) Why do we erase the text 'Ishto ve'Acher, le'Acher be'Matanah, ve'Ishto
(b) Why does Shmuel concede that 'Ishto Arusah ve'Ishto Gerushah,
(c) What would Shmuel hold in a case where a Shechiv-Mera left everything to
his son if he also left behind ...
- ... a wife but no other sons?
- ... a wife and sons?
(a) We already issued a ruling in the case of a betrothed woman and a
divorced wife, and we now ask what the Din will be if a Shechiv-Mera leaves
all his property to one of three women; two of them, a daughter when there
are sons (her brothers), and a daughter when there are brothers (her
Answers to questions
What is the third She'eilah?
(b) What is the basis of these She'eilos?
(c) Ravina states that all the above five women *do not acquire* except for
a betrothed woman and a divorced wife.
Which are the only two that *do*,
according to Rav Ivya in the name of Rava?
(d) Over which sole case do they argue?