REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Basra 99
(a) The Beraisa that we just discussed supports the tradition that Rebbi
Levi (or Rebbi Yochanan) quoted 'Makom Aron (u'Keruvim) Eino min ha'Minyan'.
Was this miracle confined to the Beis Hamikdash or was it also manifest in
the Mishkan in the desert?
(b) What was the basic difference between the Keruvim that Moshe made and
those of Shlomoh (beside their size)?
(c) As a result of what we just learned, the distance between the northern
K'ruv and the north wall of the Heichal and the southern K'ruv and the south
wall of the Heichal was ten Amos (as if the Keruvim [as well as the Aron]
were not there).
What was the distance between the eastern edge of the
Keruvim and the D'vir (the dividing wall between the Kodesh and the Kodesh
(d) What was the length of each wing-span of each K'ruv (from which Ravna'i
Amar Shmuel proves further that their bodies took up no space).
(a) The Amora'im actually query Shmuel's proof from six different angles.
Abaye asks 'Maybe their wings emerged from the same point in the middle of
their backs (like the wings of a chicken)?
What does Rava mean when he
asks 've'Dilma Zeh she'Lo Keneged Zeh Havu Kaymi'?
(b) Rav Acha bar Ya'akov asks 'Maybe the Keruvim stood diagonally across the
Kodesh Kodshim (like the picture on the page), leaving the extra space (the
distance that the hypotenuse exceeds the other two sides of the triangle)
for their bodies'?
What does Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua mean when he
asks 've'Dilma Beisa me'Ila'i Ravach'?
(c) And Rav Papa asks 'Maybe their wings were slightly bent (in which case
the space taken up by their wing-span [if measured in a straight line] was
really less than twenty-Amos)?' What does Rav Ashi mean when he asks
've'Dilma Shalchufi Havu Meshalchefi'?
(d) Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Elazar argue over the Keruvim, whether they
faced each other or whether they faced the Heichal.
On what are their
(a) Why can we not simply reconcile the two seemingly contradictory Pesukim
by pointing out that the first Pasuk (in Terumah) "u'Feneihem Ish el Achiv"
refers to the Keruvim of Moshe, whereas the second Pasuk (in Divrei Hayamim)
''u'Feneihem la'Bayis" refers to those of Shlomoh?
Why does the second opinion decline to learn like his disputant (that the
Keruvim were made to face the Heichal, to denote that when Yisrael were not
performing the will of Hashem, the Keruvim would turn away from each other)?
(b) How does the one who learns that they faced ...
(c) According to the first opinion, what is the significance of the fact
that the Keruvim were initially made to face each other? What did this
- ... each other, interpret the Pasuk which states that they faced the Heichal?
- ... the Heichal, interpret the Pasuk which states that they faced each other?
(d) How does the Beraisa quoting Unklus ha'Ger, link this opinion with the
Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim, which refers to the Keruvim as "Ma'aseh
(a) The Tana discusses a case of Reuven entering Shimon's house to get to
his water-pit which is within it.
Bearing in mind that a purchaser does
not automatically receive a path to the pit that he purchases, on what basis
is he permitted to enter Shimon's house to get to his pit?
(b) What does the Tana say about this? When is he allowed to go in and out
of Shimon's house to get to his water-pit?
(c) How must Reuven water his animals from his pit?
(a) The Tana requires each party to make himself a lock and key.
Answers to questions
(b) If Reuven requires the lock in order to safeguard his water from Shimon,
why does Shimon require one?
(c) Why does Shimon too, not require it to safeguard his water from Reuven?
(a) Our Mishnah repeats the Din of the previous Mishnah with regard to
Reuven passing through Shimon's vegetable-garden to get to his own.
as he does not disturb Shimon by going through his garden, and bearing in
mind that he did after all, purchase the path, why can he not pass through
whenever he pleases?
(b) The Tana issues two further prohibitions, one of them, to take merchants
through Shimon's garden.
What is the other?
(c) On what basis is it the owner of the outer garden who is permitted to
sow the path (albeit at his own risk)?
(d) The Din will differ dramatically if Shimon agreed to give Reuven a path
to his garden that runs along the side of his field.
Which of the above
prohibitions still remains intact? Who is then permitted to sow that path?
(a) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel say in a case where Reuven agrees to
sell Shimon 'Amas ha'Mayim ? How ...
(b) What must he give him according to the text that Reuven promises Shimon
'Amas Beis ha'Shalachin'?
- ... wide must the stream be?
- ... much land at the side must he give him?
(c) What would the equivalent Din be if he were to promise him Amah Beis
ha'Killon (or Sillon? What is 'Amah Beis ha'Killon'?
(a) According to Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel, Reuven is permitted to sow seeds
on the two banks.
What does Rav Nachman Amar Shmuel say?
(b) What are the ramifications of the Machlokes?
(c) What reason did Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel give for his ruling that if, in
the previous case, the banks of the stream that Reuven sold to Shimon cave
in, the latter is entitled to claim fresh earth from Reuven's field, to
rebuild his river banks?
(d) What problem does Rav Papa have with Shmuel's reason?
(a) So how does Rav Papa explain Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel's ruling? On what
grounds can Shimon nevertheless claim fresh earth from Reuven's field?
(b) Seeing as Reuven has pledged his entire field towards repair of Shimon's
river-banks, what is then the significance of the initial Amah on either
side of the stream?
(a) What does our Mishnah say about someone who reclaims a public path that
runs through the middle of his field, and replaces it with one at the side?
(b) How did the public come to be going through his field in the first
(c) What is the significance of the Mishnah's ruling that Derech ...
(d) What do we learn regarding 'Derech ha'Melech' from the Pasuk in Shoftim
"le'Vilti Rum Levavo *me'Echav*"?
- ... ha'Yachid is four Amos?
- ... ha'Rabim is sixteen Amos?
(a) What does the Tana of our Mishnah mean when he says 'Derech ha'Kever Ein
Lo Shiur'? What is 'Derech ha'Kever'? Does this have the same connotations
as the Din of 'Derech ha'Melech Ein Lo Shiur'?
(b) What might it mean alternatively (in connection with the Din of a sale)?
(c) The Daynei Tzipori give Derech ha'Ma'amad (which will be explained in
the Sugya) as an area of four Kabin.
Based on the fact that a Beis Sa'ah
(half the area of the Beis Sasayim of the Mishkan) is fifty times fifty
Amos, and that there are six Kabin in a Sa'ah, what are the measurements of
(a) We learned in our Mishnah that someone who claimed a public path that
ran through the middle of his field, and replaced it with one at the side,
loses the former and cannot reclaim the latter. Based on the Din that one
cannot take the public to court, what do we try and prove from here?
Answers to questions
(b) We refute this proof however, however, in a number of ways. According to
Rav Z'vid Amar Rava, the reason that he cannot take the law into his own
hands here is due to a decree that he might give the public a crooked path.
What does Rav Mesharshaya Amar Rava say? How does he establish the Beraisa?
(c) How does Rav Ashi refute the proof?