POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Bava Basra 143
1) 'ACQUIRE WITH THE DONKEY'
(a) Levi told Yehudah 'Acquire like a donkey' - he does not
(b) (Rav Nachman): If he said 'You and the donkey should
acquire' - Yehudah receives half.
(c) (Rav Hamnuna): Yehudah receives nothing.
(d) (Rav Sheshes): Yehudah receives everything.
(e) Support (Rav Sheshes for himself - Beraisa - R. Yosi):
The most bitter part of a cucumber is the inside;
1. Version #1 (Rashbam): Therefore, when taking
Terumah, he should take extra from the outside, lest
he take from the bitter part on the good part.
(f) Rejection: No, Mid'Oraisa the bitter part becomes
2. Version #2 (Tosfos): (Even if the inside of a
cucumber separated to be Terumah is bitter (it is
still considered food,) the separation was valid, he
need not take (all the) Terumah again;) therefore,
it suffices to add on extra Terumah from the
outside. (End of Version #2)
3. This is like 'acquire with a donkey'! Even though he
tried to make the sweet and bitter parts Terumah,
and the bitter cannot become Terumah, the sweet
1. (R. Ila'i): If one separates Terumah from the bad on
the good, it takes effect - "V'Lo Sis'u Alav Chet
ba'Harimechem Es Chelbo Mimenu";
(g) Question (Rav Mordechai citing Rav Avya - Mishnah): There
was a case: five women owned a field, two of them were
sisters. Reuven gathered a basket of dates from the field
in Shemitah, gave it to them, and said 'All of you are
Mekudashos to me with this basket'; one of them received
it on behalf of all of them. Chachamim ruled that the
sisters are not Mekudashos.
2. If it did not take effect, he would not bear sin!
1. Inference: The other women are Mekudashos, even
though the sisters cannot be - this is like 'acquire
with a donkey', and it takes effect!
(h) Answer (Rav Ashi): We established the Mishnah to be when
he said 'Whichever of you are fitting to have relations
with me is Mekudeshes to me' (the sisters are excluded).
2. Rav Ashi: This expIains why I saw Rav Huna bar Avya
in a dream last night, because his father asked a
(i) (Rav Yosef): Yakov told his wife 'My property is to you
and your sons' - she gets half, her sons get half;
1. We learn from the following Beraisa.
(j) Objection (Abaye): There, had the verse not mentioned
Aharon, he would have received a share; surely, he is
mentioned to teach that he gets half;
2. (Beraisa - Rebbi): "V'Haysah l'Aharon ul'Vanav" -
Aharon (the Kohen Gadol) gets half (of the Lechem
ha'Panim), his sons (the other Kohanim) get half.
1. Normally, a wife does not inherit - Yakov mentioned
her to teach that she gets a share like her sons!
(k) Question #1: Cases occurred, and Shmuel and R. Yochanan
ruled that she gets half!
(l) Question #2: Rav Yitzchak bar Yosef taught, the king once
demanded that the rich people and the (not as rich)
nobles buy a crown for him; Rebbi ruled, the rich pay
half, the nobles pay half!
(m) Answer (to Question #2): Had the king only written that
the rich must pay, we would know that the nobles help a
small amount; he included the nobles, to teach that they
(n) Question (against Rav Yosef - R. Zeira - Beraisa): 'I
accept to bring a Minchah of 100 Isronim in two vessels'
- he brings 60 in one vessel, and 40 in another vessel;
2) UNDERSTANDING TO WHOM A MAN LEFT PROPERTY
1. If he brought 50 in one vessel and 50 in another
vessel, he fulfilled his obligation.
(o) Answer: There, he clearly intends to bring a big
sacrifice; he specified to bring in two vessels, because
he knows that he cannot bring it all in one vessel;
2. This is only b'Di'avad - according to Rav Yosef,
l'Chatchilah he should bring half in each!
1. He should bring as much as is possible (60) in one
(p) The law is like Rav Yosef regarding a field (12B), what
is considered engaging in the same matter (to be able to
retract - 114A), and giving half to one recipient.
(a) (R. Ami): If a man (without a wife) sent pieces of
garments to his house, his sons receive the male
garments, his daughters receive the female garments.
3) POSTHUMOUS IMPROVEMENTS
1. This is only if he does not have a daughter-in-law -
if he has, she receives the female garments.
(b) A dying man told witnesses 'My property is li'Vnai (to my
sons/children)'; he had a son and a daughter.
i. This is only if his daughters are married - if
not, he gives to them before his
(c) Question: Would a man call one son 'Banai' (and the son
gets everything), or not, and his daughter receives half?
(d) Answer #1 (Abaye): "U'Vnei Dan Chushim" - one son is
(e) Rejection (Rava): Perhaps one son is not called 'Banai';
the verse says 'Benei" because Chushim's children would
be numerous like Chushim (clusters) of reeds.
(f) Answer #2 (Rava): "U'Vnei Falu Eli'av".
(g) Answer #3 (Rav Yosef): "U'Vnei Eisan Azaryah".
(h) A dying man told witnesses 'My property is to my sons';
he had a son and a grandson from a (deceased) son.
(i) Question: Would a man call a grandson 'my son'?
(j) Answer #1 (Rav Chaviva): Yes.
(k) Answer #2 (Mar bar Rav Ashi): No.
(l) Support (for Mar bar Rav Ashi - Beraisa): One who is
forbidden by a vow from benefiting from his children is
permitted to benefit from his grandchildren.
(a) (Mishnah): Reuven died, leaving minor and adult sons. The
adults improved the property - the minors share in the
1. If the adults said 'this is what father left; we
want to divide, we will improve our share' - they
keep their improvements.
(b) Similarly: If his widow improved the property, the
children share the improvements;
1. If she said 'this is what my husband left; I will
improve my share'- she keeps her improvements.
(c) (Gemara - R. Chaviva brei d'Rav Yosef): This is only if
the brothers did not have expenditures, but if they had
expenditures, - they keep their improvements.
(d) Question: But R. Chanina taught, even if the father only
left a pit of water (Rashbam; Tosfos - a guard post),
they share the revenue;
1. This is like improvements that come from
expenditures (they must guard)!
(e) Answer: Even minors can guard it (we do not consider that
the adults had expenditures).