POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Bava Basra 98
1) RESPONSIBILITY FOR SOLD WINE
(a) (Mishnah): If Reuven sold wine to Shimon and it soured,
Reuven is exempt;
1. If it is known that Reuven's wine sours, the sale is
(b) 'Old wine' - this is from the previous year;
2. If Reuven said that the wine is scented, it must
last until Shavu'os.
(c) 'Aged wine' - it must be in its third year.
(d) (Gemara - R. Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina): This is only if the
wine was put in Shimon's vessel, but if it remained in
Reuven's vessels, he is responsible (his wine or vessels
are to blame)!
(e) Question: Shimon is to blame for not drinking the wine
(f) Answer: The case is, he asked to buy wine for cooking.
(g) Question: Why does R. Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina establish the
Mishnah when it was put in Shimon's vessel and he asked
to buy wine for cooking - rather, establish it with
Reuven's vessel, and Shimon did not ask to buy wine for
(h) Answer (Rava): The Mishnah was difficult: it says, if it
is known that Reuven's wine sours, the sale is invalid;
1. Shimon is to blame for not drinking the wine sooner!
(i) R. Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina argues with Rav Chiya bar Yosef.
2. We must say, he asked to buy wine for cooking.
1. (Rav Chiya bar Yosef): "Ha'Yayin Boged Gever Yahir"
- wine spoils on account of its owner.
(j) (Rav Mari): A haughty person is disgraceful even in the
eyes of his household - "Gever Yahir v'Lo Yinveh".
1. "V'Lo Yinveh" hints at people of his Naveh (home).
(k) (Rav Yehudah): Anyone who (is not a Chacham and) wears
the Talis of a Chacham (it totally covers all his cloak),
he does not enter Hash-m's place;
1. It says here "V'Lo Yinveh", just like "El Neve
(l) (Rava): If Reuven sold a barrel of wine to a grocer
(Shimon) in order to sell it over time (Tosfos; Rashbam -
the grocer is merely an agent to sell Reuven's wine for
him) and it spoiled, Reuven suffers the entire loss.
1. This is only if Shimon did not make a new spout; if
he did, it is his fault.
(m) (Rava): If Reuven gave wine to Shimon to take to a
certain place to sell it, and the price declined by the
time he arrived, Reuven suffers the entire loss.
2. This is only if the market day did not come; if it
did, Shimon is at fault (he should have sold it
(n) Question: If it soured, what is the law?
(o) Version #1 - Answer (Rav Hillel): Shimon shares the loss
(it spoiled on account of both of them) - this is not
like R. Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina (who blames the spoilage on
the owner of the wine and vessels).
(p) Version #2 - Answer (Rav Hillel): Reuven bears the entire
loss, like R. Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina.
(q) (Mishnah): 'Old wine' - this is from the previous year.
(r) (Beraisa): 'Aged wine' - it must last until the coming
2) PROPER SIZE OF DWELLINGS
(a) (Mishnah - R. Akiva): If Reuven sold or accepted to build
a Chasan's house for Shimon's son or a widow's house for
Shimon's daughter, it must be at least four Amos by six
(b) R. Yishmael says, that is proper for a cattle pen!
1. One who wants to build a cattle pen should make it
four Amos by six Amos.
(c) A small house is six by eight Amos, a large house is
eight by 10, a Traklin must be 10 by 10.
(d) The height (of each of these) should be half the sum of
the length and width;
1. A proof of this - R. Shimon ben Gamliel says, we
learn from the Heichal.
(e) (Gemara) Question: Why does the Mishnah mention a
Chasan's house for Shimon's son or a widow's house for
Shimon's daughter - both apply to sons and daughters!
(f) Answer: We learn a matter by the way, that it is improper
for a Chasan to live by his mother-in-law.
1. (Sefer ben Sira): The lowliest thing is a Chasan who
lives in his father-in-law's house;
(g) (Mishnah): R. Yishmael says, that is proper for a cattle
2. Worse than this is a guest who invites other guests;
worse than this is one who answers before the other
person finished speaking - "Meshiv Davar b'Terem
Yishma Iveles Hi Lo u'Chlimah".
(h) Question: Who taught the proper dimensions for a cattle
(i) Answer: Some say, R. Yishmael; others say, R. Akiva.
1. Some say, R. Akiva - he admits that four by six is
proper for a cattle pen, sometimes a person lives in
such a dwelling.
(j) (Mishnah): A Traklin must be 10 by 10.
2. Others say, R. Yishmael - but R. Akiva would say
that a cattle pen should be smaller.
1. A Traklin is a hall in which roses are put.
(k) (Beraisa): A Chatzer (for officers) should be 12 by 12.
(l) (Mishnah): The height (of each of these) should be half
the sum of the length and width; a proof of this - R.
Shimon ben Gamliel says, we learn from the Heichal.
(m) Question: Who taught 'a proof of this'?
(n) Answer #1: R. Shimon ben Gamliel;
1. The first Tana asked, 'What is a proof of this?' R.
Shimon ben Gamliel answered, we learn from the
(o) Answer #2: The first Tana;
1. R. Shimon ben Gamliel asked, 'You learn from the
Heichal? Does everyone build like the Heichal?!'
(p) (Beraisa - Others): The height should be like the length
of the beams (that span the width of the house).
(q) Question: Why didn't they say, the height should be like
(r) Answer #1: The walls are thicker (so the interior is
narrower) at the bottom, we must teach that the height
should be like the (greater) width at the top.
(s) Answer #2: There are indentations in which the beams fit,
they are slightly longer than the (interior) width of the