REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Avodah Zarah 37
(a) What was Rebbi Simla'i to Rebbi Yehudah Nesi'ah?
(b) What did he reply when the latter, who was leaning on him, once asked
him whether he had been in the Beis-Hamedrash on the previous day when they
had rescinded the decree on Nochri oil?
(c) What did Rebbi Yehudah Nesi'ah reply? Why was that not possible?
(d) And he based this on Yossi ben Yo'ezer Ish Tzereidah, whom they gave the
title 'Yosef Sharya' for that very reason.
How many things, that were
hitherto considered Asur, must one permit, to earn the title 'Sharya?
(a) Yossi ben Yo'ezer permitted eating a locust by the name of 'Ayil
What did he further rule about the liquids (i.e. the water and
the wine) in the Beis ha'Shechitah in the Azarah?
(b) What was his third ruling (the one that earned him his title [though it
is not yet clear what he meant])?
(c) What did Rebbi Yehudah Nesi'ah reply when Rebbi Simla'i pointed out that
he (Rebbi Yehudah Nesi'ah) had only permitted one thing to date, so that,
even if he were to permit Nochri bread, he would not earn himself the title
(a) That second leniency involved a man who gave his wife a Get on the
express condition that he did not return from a trip within twelve months,
and then died during those twelve months.
What did the Rabbanan rule in
such a case?
(b) We learned in connection with that Beraisa 've'Raboseinu Hitiruhah
To whom does 'Raboseinu' refer?
(c) Did his colleagues ever agree with him?
(a) In fact, Rebbi Yehudah Nesi'ah holds like Rebbi Yossi.
What does Rebbi
(b) Rebbi Elazar asked that old sage whether Rebbi Yehudah Nesi'ah permitted
the woman to marry immediately or only after twelve months (when at least
the dead husband's condition had been met). He retorted with the question
why he did not ask him directly on the Mishnah in Gitin.
What does the Mishnah say?
(c) What did Rebbi Elazar answer to that?
(a) According to Abaye, Rebbi Yossi and the Chachamim argue specifically
about the case in hand ('Harei Zeh Gitech Im Lo Ba'si' ... ').
then be the Din in a case where the husband died after saying 'Harei Zeh
(b) The source of this latter ruling is a statement by Rav Huna.
- ... le'che'she'Teitzei Chamah mi'Nartikah' (meaning tomorrow morning)?
- ... al-M'nas she'Teitzei Chamah mi'Nartikah'?
Rav Huna say about someone who says 'al-M'nas'?
(c) In the case of 'Harei Zeh Gitech le'che'she'Teitzei Chamah mi'Nartikah',
why is the woman not divorced according to Rebbi Yossi? Why does he not
apply the principle 'Z'mano shel Sh'tar Mochi'ach Alav'?
(a) Rav Papa translates the Ayil Kamtza that Yossi ben Yo'ezer permitted as
What is unusual about a Shushiva?
(b) The Torah lists four Kasher locusts (none of which have a long head but)
which all of which have four legs and four wings.
Which other two features
do they all share?
(c) What is now the basis of the Machlokes between Yossi ben Yo'ezer and the
Rabbanan (who consider the Shushiva a non-Kasher species of locusts)?
(a) Rav Chiya bar Ami in the name of Ula translates the Ayil Kamtza that
Yossi ben Yo'ezer permits as 'Susvil'.
Answers to questions
What does he hold with regard to a
(b) Seeing as the special feature of Susvil is that its wings are not as
long as those of the four that the Torah specifies, what is then the basis
of the Machlokes Tana'im?
(c) On what grounds do we erase the wording 've'Karsulin Chofin es Rubo'?
(a) What does Rav mean when he explains that when Yossi ben Yo'ezer's rules
'Mashkeh bei Mitbachaya Dachan', he means 'Dachan Mamash'?
(b) What does Shmuel say?
(c) What is the basis of their Machlokes?
(d) How will Rav explain the Pasuk in Shemini 've'Chol Mashkeh Asher
(a) What two problems do we have with Yossi ben Yo'ezer's third ruling
've'al de'Yikrav le'Misah, Mesa'av'?
(b) What objection do we raise to the suggestion that Yossi ben Yo'ezer is
referring to someone who touches a Tamei Meis ('Yikrav be'de'Yikrav), which
the Rabbanan decreed, but which *he* declared Tahor?
(c) What is Tum'ah be'Chiburin? What stringency does it possess?
(d) Based on this premise, how did the Rabbanan quoting Mar Zutra b'rei
de'Rav Nachman in the name of his father, establish the Machlokes in front
(a) Based on the Pasuk in Chukas "ha'Noge'a be'Meis le'Chol Nefesh Adam
ve'Tamei Shiv'as Yamim", what do we learn from the Pasuk there ...
(b) What did Rava mean when he said 'Lo Tislu Bei Buki S'riki be'de'Rav
- ... "ve'Chol Asher Yiga Bo ha'Tamei Yitma"?
- ... "ve'ha'Nefesh ha'Noga'as Titma ad ha'Erev"?
(c) So how does Rava then quote Rav Nachman, to explain the Machlokes
between Yossi ben Yo'ezer and the Rabbanan?
(a) How do we deal with the problem that Safek Tum'ah bi'Reshus ha'Rabim is
a Halachah that we learn from Sotah (so how can we brand Yossi ben Yo'ezer
as 'Yossi Sharya')? In fact, how can the Rabbanan say otherwise?
(b) How do we know that the Dinim of Sotah are confined to a Reshus
(c) And we prove this from a Beraisa.
What does Rebbi Yehudah quote Yossi
ben Yo'ezer as having done as he issued this ruling?
(d) What did Rebbi Yanai rule with regard to cases of Safek Tum'ah bi'Reshus
ha'Rabim that came before him?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan tries to base the Isur of eating food cooked by a Nochri
on the Pasuk in Devarim "Ochel ba'Kesef Tashbireini ... u'Mayim ba'Kesef
Titen Li ... ".
How does he extrapolate this Isur from there?
(b) We refute this D'rashah however, from a Beraisa.
What does the Tana
say there about roasted kernels of wheat that one purchases from Nochrim,
that clashes with Rebbi Yochanan's D'rashah?
(c) How do we adjust the D'rashah to accommodate the Heter of roasted
(d) We refute this D'rashah too, based on a Beraisa concerning wheat
What does the Tana say there about purchasing wheat products
from Nochrim that still clashes with Rebbi Yochanan's D'rashah?
(a) And on what grounds do we refute the D'rashah that compares the food
that they purchased from Nochrim to water, inasmuch as it had not been
changed by fire?
Answers to questions
(b) So what is the source of the prohibition of cooked food?
(c) Then why does Rebbi Yochanan quote the Pasuk?