REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Avodah Zarah 22
AVODAH ZARAH 22 - Today's Daf has been dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas Rav Shalom
ben Aryeh Leibush (Fogel), by Keren Tzidkas Shalom. D.A.F. is grateful for
their assistance in our Harbatzas Torah.
(a) We just concluded that Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar forbids renting a Kuti a
field over Chol ha'Moed, because he will work it on Chol ha'Mo'ed. What
problem do we have with this from the reason given by Rebbi Shimon ben
Elazar himself 'Mipnei she'Nikreis al Sh'mo ... '.
What ought the Beraisa
to have said?
(b) How do we answer the Kashya? How do we in fact reconcile the two
(a) In the case of a syndicate of gardeners of safran consisting of Jews and
Nochrim, the latter worked on Shabbos, the latter, on Sunday.
Rava say about that arrangement?
(b) Ravina queried Rava from a Beraisa however.
What does the Beraisa say
about a Yisrael and a Nochri who received a field in partnership ba'Arisus,
and who ultimately want to come to an arrangement that the Nochri takes his
due from the work that he did on Shabbos, and the Yisrael, on Sunday?
(c) What does 've'Im Ba'u be'Cheshbon, Asur', mean?
(a) Under which circumstances would an arrangement by which the Nochri
receives his due from the produce of Shabbos, and the Yisrael, from the
produce of Sunday be permitted?
(b) Initially, when Ravina asked Rava this Kashya, he was embarrassed.
What did he eventually discover that put his mind at ease?
(a) According to Rav Gevihah from Bei Kasil, the case of the syndicate of
gardeners was not a question of Shabbos and Sunday at all.
Then what was
(b) What problem do we have with this version, assuming that Ravina cited
the Beraisa to Rava?
(c) Then why did Ravina cite it?
(d) And how will we explain Rava's embarrassment?
(a) We ask what the Din will be in a case where the Yisrael and the Nochri
did not make any conditions.
***** Hadran Alach 'Lifnei Eidehen' *****
How do we ...
(b) So what do we conclude from the Mishnah?
- ... try to resolve the She'eilah from the Reisha 'Im Hisnu mi'Techilah Mutar'?
- ... counter this proof from the Seifa 'Im Ba'u le'Cheshbon, Asur'?
***** Perek Ein Ma'amidin' *****
(a) We have already discussed our Mishnah 'Ein Ma'amidin Beheimah
be'Pundeka'os shel Ovdei-Kochavim ... '.
Answers to questions
What reason does the Tana give
for this prohibition?
(b) The Tana forbids both a woman and a man to be alone with a Nochri.
- ... a woman?
- ... a man?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about buying an animal from a Nochri to bring
as a Korban?
(b) Why are we not afraid that it was ...
(c) This reason explains why one may not buy a female animal from them.
- ... a Muktzah or that it had actually been worshipped? What does 'Muktzah' mean?
- ... a Rovei'a or a Nirva?
What reason does Rav Kahana give as regards buying a male animal?
(a) We ask why another Beraisa then permits purchasing an animal from a
What is the basis of the Kashya? Why might a shepherd be
any different than the owner?
(b) What do we answer?
(c) Why does yet another Beraisa forbid handing a Nochri shepherd an animal
to look after?
(d) How do we reconcile this with the previous Beraisa which explained how
the shepherd is afraid that he will lose his wages? Why then, is he not
afraid in this case, too?
(a) This is the source, says Rabah, of a famous folk-saying.
What is the
meaning of ...
(b) Why do we think purchasing a male animal from a Nochris might be
- ... 'Micht'va Gelala Baza'?
- ... 'Rigla be'Chavreih Yada'?
(c) Why is it in fact, permitted?
(a) What does Rav Yosef quoting a Beraisa, say about an Almanah keeping a
dog or boarding a Talmid-Chacham?
(b) What problem does this create with regard to the previous Halachah
(permitting the purchase of an animal from a Nochris)?
(c) Why is the problem confined to the case of the dog, and not to that of
(d) How do we answer the Kashya from the dog?
(a) We cited a Beraisa in the first Perek that even forbids leaving female
animals with Nochri women.
What reason does Mar Ukva bar Chama give for
(b) This fear might even apply, he adds, if the visiting 'friend' does find
the hostess at home.
Why is that?
(c) Mar's statement is based on a statement by Rebbi Yochanan.
Rebbi Yochanan say that distinguishes a Yisrael (and apparently his animals
too) from a Nochri in this regard?
(a) Does the above prohibition also extend to the animal of a Ger (see
Tosfos DH 'Ovdei-Kochavim')?
Answers to questions
(b) We also ask whether it applies to leaving birds with a Nochri, and we
answer with a couple of stories.
What did Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel quote
Rebbi Chanina as having seen a Nochri do with a goose that he purchased from
(c) And what did Rebbi Yirmiyah from Difti attest to having seen a Nochri do
with a vegetable that he purchased from the market?